Write My Essay Sample: Rickets
Posted by: Write My Essay on: January 17, 2019
Rickets is a common disease among children that causes the softening and weakening of bones often due to deficiency of vitamin D in the body for a prolonged period. The bones become prone to deformity and fractures. When vitamin D lacks then the absorption of phosphorus and calcium from the gastrointestinal tract becomes quite difficult leading to improper phosphorus and calcium standards in the bones (Mayo Clinic, 2016).
Rickets can also be brought about by genetic defects. This leads to a condition known as hypophosphatemic rickets that affects the processing of phosphates in kidneys resulting in low phosphate blood levels hence soft and weak bones. Some diseases can also lead to rickets such as renal, intestinal or hepatic diseases. These conditions can affect the absorption and metabolism of vitamins and minerals. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
There are risk factors for rickets. A risk factor is anything that has the probability of escalating the chances of developing a disease or condition. These factors include poverty because the poor cannot afford a balanced diet. Sunlight provides vitamin D. Therefore, children living in northern latitudes are more likely to suffer from rickets because of lack of enough sunlight resulting in them having to depend on vitamin D from a well laid down nutrition. Malnutrition can increase chances of getting rickets especially in areas experiencing starvation and drought. Premature birth can increase development of rickets. Dark skin reacts less to the sunshine, therefore, producing less vitamin D increasing chances of rickets.
You can tell a child is suffering from rickets if any of the following symptoms are observed:
- Tenderness in bones of pelvis, legs, spine or arms
- A floppy baby
- Pains in bones
- Fracturing of bones
- Stunted growth
- Delays in tooth formation
- Increase in tooth cavities
- An odd shape of the skull or a soft skull
- Bowed legs in toddlers;
- Wide wrists (Kim, 2015).
In the case of suspicion of rickets here are different ways of diagnosing; Physical examination by a doctor. The doctor will lightly press the bones so as to check for pain or tenderness. The doctor will then recommend for more tests to ascertain the diagnosis such as: To measure phosphate and calcium levels in the blood; a blood test will be conducted. For the checking of bone deformities, a bone X-ray is performed. For the determination of the level of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the blood, an arterial blood gas is done (Kim, 2015).[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]
The primary focus of treating rickets is the replacement of the missing mineral or vitamin in the body. A doctor can recommend that the child gets more exposure to sunlight, encourage intake of products rich in vitamin D like liver, eggs, milk and fish. In case you opt for supplements for vitamin D and calcium which are also treatments for rickets ensure you ask the doctor on the dosage which is given according to the size of the child. Braces can still be utilized in the case of skeletal deformities which help in the positioning back of bones (Kim, 2015). Corrective surgery is however administered in severe cases.
In case the cause of rickets is generic, the child can be prescribed active vitamin D hormones and phosphorus medications. If the cause is other diseases, then the disease has to be treated for rickets to be eliminated (Brunner, 2015).
A child becomes more prone to bone fractures if rickets goes untreated and if left in this state for long and the rickets are severe it may lead to permanent deformities of bones. There are also higher chances of seizure, breathing problems, and cramps due to low blood calcium levels. In rare cases, it may lead to the weakening of the heart muscles. There are also chances of stunted growth and an abnormally curved spine (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2016).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]
Brunner, S. (2015, September 10). Rickets: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments – page 2 Medical News Today.
Kim, S. (2015, December 10). Rickets: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatments.
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2016, May 24). Symptoms and causes – Rickets – Mayo Clinic.