Informed consent is a process where a patient understands the risks and benefits of medication or a test and willingly chooses to undergo the medication that the doctor has put forward. Informed consent is based on the legal and moral premise of the patient’s autonomy. A patient has the right to make a decision about his health and medical condition. A patient must give informed concept of treatment for most tests, and if the physician fails to obtain it before a procedure or tests, he is said to have committed battery; a type of assault. However, when a patient interacts with his doctor during a physical examination implied consent is implied. More complicated and risky tests require a patient to give the doctor a written concept (Blease et.al, 2016). However, the informed consent rule has exceptions in the case of situations where emergency medical care is needed urgently to prevent serious harm, or the patient is incompetent and is not in a position to give permission for treatment or testing.
Informed consent has four necessary components: the patient must have the ability to make a decision regarding his treatment. The medical provider must disclose information on tests and treatment, which includes the probability that expected risks and benefits, occur; the patient must understand relevant information; and voluntary grant the doctor consent without duress or coercion. The decision-making capacity of the patient, also known as competency, requires that the patient can understand treatment options, consequences of choosing each option, and personal costs and benefits alongside personal priorities and values (Drazen et.al, 2013). If a patient is not able to meet the competency requirements, a court appointed guardians or family members to act as surrogate decision-makers on behalf of the parent. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
An ethical decision-making process entails bringing the moral values of people to bear on the reasoning that leads to a particular choice. Healthcare professionals have the responsibility of balancing the interests of the organization and an individual since decision-making is an essential part of the health care system. There are questions on the best and ethical system for protecting the patients from harm or negligence. For example, a patient rationality is compromised or absent when he is in his late stages of dementia. In such cases, most people believe that a family should step in as a decision maker because a relative protects incompetent members (Burkhardt & Nathaniel, 2013). However, the system dictates that the nurse should play a vital role in assessing the patient’s treatment and care. On occasions when patients are incapacitated to make sound decisions regarding their health, a nurse can make the choices on behalf patient and make such a decision to the patient’s best interest.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]
Nurses should participate in the informed consent process to offer the patients with the best treatment options by sharing decision-making and limit any probability for liabilities. A registered nurse is personally responsible for her practice and adherence to medical guidelines that protect the patient and the nurse. Nurses must consider the patient’s beliefs, preference, and values when making a medical decision on their behalf. Nurses should respect autonomy, avoid causing harm and seek to be just in their practice while at the same time uphold privacy, veracity, fidelity and confidentiality. Informed consent is, however, an important aspect of medicine as it enables the avoidance of complications that could have otherwise arisen if the patient had not consented. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]
Blease, C. R., Lilienfeld, S. O., & Kelley, J. M. (2016). Evidence-Based Practice and Psychological Treatments: The Imperatives of Informed Consent. Frontiers in Psychology, 7.
Burkhardt, M. A., & Nathaniel, A. (2013). Ethics and issues in contemporary nursing. Cengage Learning.
Drazen, J. M., Solomon, C. G., & Greene, M. F. (2013). Informed consent and SUPPORT. New England Journal of Medicine, 368(20), 1929-1931.