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Essay Writing Service Sample: Governments’ Policy on Gambling
Posted by: Write My Essay on: February 21, 2019

 

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Gambling is a controversial practice among societies not only Canada but also across the world. In the past few years, government-operated gambling has expanded steadily in Canada and more specifically in Ontario. For example, statistics show the gambling revenue has been reaching over $5.7 billion on annually basis[1]. Notably, although many people in Canada participate in gambling without showing signs of harm, a good percentage of gamblers; about 3.4% have reflected financial injuries as a consequence of depending on gambling for a livelihood. [2]. Critical to note is that gambling is addictive, just like alcohol and the resulting individual and social costs are significant[3]. In this respect, those that are addictive or misuse the value of gambling experience undesirable consequences while others who participate wisely in gambling can make sound use of it. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

In the above scenario, governments have one of the biggest roles to play to control the negative social and economic impacts of gambling. One way of monitoring the effects of gambling by governments is by enacting policies[4]. However, the expansion of legalized gambling in the society is one of the issues that pose different challenges for policy makers. In respect to policy making in gambling, the responsibility of the state in addressing pathological and problem gambling, as well as the regulation and legal status of Internet gambling, are some of the key issues that need to raise concern.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]   The following essay will seek to discuss the state’s policy on the issue of gambling. The paper emphasizes that although gambling has played a critical role in economic development, the government need to ensure that its negative impacts on individuals and the society are minimized. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

 

Bibliography

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Gambling Policy Framework, Toronto: CAMH, 2011.

 

Pavalko, Ronald M., ‘Gambling and Public Policy,’ Public Integrity 6.4, 2004, 333-348.

 

Poulin, Christiane, ‘Gambling,’ Canadian Medical Association Journal 175 (10), 2006, 12081209.

 

 

 

[1] Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Gambling Policy Framework, Toronto: CAMH, 2011.

http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/about_camh/influencing_publicpolicy/Documents/CAMH_gambling_policy_framework.pdf

[2]  Poulin, Christiane, ‘Gambling,’ Canadian Medical Association Journal 175 (10), 2006, 12081209.

[3] Ibid

[4] Pavalko, Ronald M., ‘Gambling and Public Policy,’ Public Integrity 6.4, 2004, 333-348.

Essay Writing Sample: Emergency Planning
Posted by: Write My Essay on: February 19, 2019

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Question One

As an event manager, one must possess the ability to tackle any changes that take place during the event especially when dealing with a scenario that may be unprecedented. These unprecedented events have the potential to affect the accomplishment of the goals that the event management team has set out within a given period (Singh, 2013). In the given scenario, there are only three days left before the Annual Women’s Day Conference. In planning of any meeting, time is a critical aspect since it determines how resources are to be administered and how all the needs of the people who will attend will be looked into. The event was supposed to accommodate seven thousand people; however, eight thousand people have had their monies accepted and as a result will be in attendance for the event. This was because my assistant did not close the web registration for the event. In such a scenario, the first thing that I would do will be to consider whether making a refund for the extra one thousand people is a plausible thing. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

This is not possible since the amount involved is a sizable amount that indicates the desire by all those who made the bookings. As a result, one must consider the various options available so as to ensure that all people who would be in attendance would fit in the seminar. The first thing I would do would be to convene a meeting with the three key players including Peggy frank, Jennifer Dunn, and Bill Smith. The aim of the meeting would be to notify them that the resources needed for the event would need to be expanded so as to accommodate the extra one thousand guests that are expected. The best thing to do would be to expand the location through offering additional tents that would be set up at the open sources. I would also increase the amount of resources of the people since there is little time to change the location of the event and cancellation of the event at this stage would not be a plausible option.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Question Two

In the management of events, the number of guests that are expected is often unknown. When the number is unknown, it offers the planners with a daunting task of determining the resources to be allocated in terms of seats and other incentives that may be given to the guests. As an event manager, I would set up several plans that would look after the needs of the unknown guest counts. This may be through having excess seats for the unprecedented number of guests. I would also ensure that the parking spaces available also account for an increase in the number of guests. Having more rooms in terms of accommodation would also ensure that the needs of extra guests who were unaccounted for are looked into by the planning team.

For the given event, there are several items that could have been considered or included in the contingency plan. The first would be an alternative meeting place or theater that would accommodate more or less number of participants of the event. In such an event, the number of people may either fall below average or be excess of the number of people that the event managers ad planned in the first place. Having another location or theater that could accommodate more than seven thousand people could be an option that should have been included in the contingency plan of the event. The second thing that ought to have been included is the web registration system. The current predicament that is faced by the event organizers was caused by the assistance failing to close the web registration portal. Before selecting the location of a given event, the team should have ensured that the numbers of people who register for the event do not exceed the capacity of the identified location. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

 

Reference

Singh, R. K. (2013). Event management. Chandni Chowk, Delhi: Global Media.

Essay Writing Service Sample: Evaluating the Historical Bias
Posted by: Write My Essay on: February 18, 2019

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Evaluating the Historical Bias of One Modern Assessment of Lincoln’s Contemporary Biographers

The assessment of biographies poses many of the same challenges as primary source evaluations.  In addition to considering the objective truth of events described by a biography’s author, consideration must also be given to what kind of agenda is being supported, and whether or not it leads to a distortion of the historical facts. Joshua Zeitz’s article, “The History of How We Came to Revere Abraham Lincoln,” poses these and other important questions in regards to John Hay and John Nicolay’s extensive biography of President Abraham Lincoln.  He claims that these two men are personally responsible for reshaping the narrative surrounding Lincoln’s life in the decades after his untimely death.

According to Zeitz, the men’s “exhaustive, ten-volume biography…constituted one of the most successful exercises in revisionism in American history” (2).  The first step taken by the author toward proving this assertion is to establish that Hay and Nicolay’s biography was by no means the only, or even the first, attempt to capture in an historical document the life of the President and his role during the civil war.  In fact, he claims that many contemporary biographers tackled the subject.  Men such as George Bancroft, Josiah Holland, Jeremiah Black, and Horace Greeley all created through their work images of a very different man than the one described by Hay and Nicolay.  “Bancroft,” he points out, “cast a critical eye on Lincoln’s abilities” (5).  Holland “introduced the president as a Bible-quoting evangelical whose hatred of slavery flowed from an eschatological belief that ‘the day of wrath was at hand’” (5).  Jeremiah Black, with the help of Chauncey Black, portray him as lacking in refinement in comparison to the “highly cultivated gentlemen” (6) who preceded him as president.  And Greeley “portrayed Lincoln as a bungling leader who squandered multiple opportunities to end the war early” (7).  It is clear from the diversity of these biographical portrayals that each author had his own agenda to push forward.  Hay and Nicolay were no exception.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

It is clear that the article’s author believes Hay and Nicolay’s biography to be not only more extensive, but also more historically correct.  Zeitz points out that after Lincoln’s death, “the war was beign recast as a brothers’ squabble over abstract political principles like federalism and states’ rights, rather than as a moral struggle between slavery and freedom” (7).  He notes that the effect of this change in perspective was to propel Hay and Nicolay forward in the creation of their own biography, but does not offer concrete proof that their interpretation of the events surrounding Lincoln’s Presidency and death hold more objective truth than the conceptualization of the war as a “brothers’ squabble.”  Without offering evidence to support his claim, the author makes his own bias toward Hay and Nicolay apparent.  He points out the secretaries’ discernment and skepticism when it came to using “memories recorded years or decades after the fact” (8), lending additional credence to the men’s work, only to later point out that they did not hold fast to this rule themselves in their interpretation of the Civil War and its underlying causes.  The only proof offered in the article that Lincoln was, in fact, driven not by a practical desire to keep the Union whole, but by a moral objection to slavery, is the recollection of an old man decades after the fact.  His aging cousin’s memory of Lincoln, whose “heart bled” when they saw “negroes chained, maltreated, whipped, and scourged” (9) is given great credence despite a lack of less subjective corroboration.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

In many cases throughout the article, there is a lack of adequate reference material.  Although in-text citations are provided, it is hard for readers to evaluate their objective truth without being able to follow them up.  Zeitz claims that “As an antebellum politician, Lincoln – though not an abolitionist or a radical – had boldly affirmed that black Americans were fellow men and women” (10).  This statement is only one example of affirmations of Hay and Nicolay’s biographical interpretation made throughout the article without any attempt at offering concrete evidence to back it up.

Like the biographers Zeitz attributes with creating the lasting impression of Lincoln as a hero of the war, and, as Hay put it, “the one unapproachably great figure of a great epoch” (11), the author of the article has chosen a side and shows this bias throughout the piece.  He is not attempting to change an already accepted historical narrative, but to assign responsibility for its creation.  This he does effectively, although he fails to objectively establish whether Hay and Nicolay, or their many contemporaries who argued in opposition to Lincoln’s now almost uncontested greatness, were correct in their interpretation of Lincoln’s actions.  His assertion that their biography has come to shape the modern conception of Lincoln as a President, however, is undeniably valid. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

 

Sources Cited

Zeitz, Joshua. “The History of How We Came to Revere Abraham Lincoln: The Slain President’s Two Personal Secretaries Battled Mudslingers for a Quarter-Century to Shape His  Image.” Smithsonian Magazine. February, 2014.

Essay Writing Service Sample: Web Final Exam
Posted by: Write My Essay on: February 14, 2019

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QUESTION 1: Describe the concept of absolute units and relative units. Specifically describe the em and ex units.

CSS properties are often used to establish values of length for various elements of a website or app. Some of the most common measurements used in styling with CSS are margins, padding, font-size and various border specifics for box properties. For coding, length measurements consist of a number and a unit distinction. These units will vary depending on whether the designer is using relative or absolute length measurements, but no values can be absent.

Absolute lengths use specific measurements that do not rely on any other defined elements to establish length. Units used for absolute measurement include inches (in), centimeters (cm), points (pt) and pixels (px). There are other absolute measurement units, but absolute length is most useful for print media or devices with lower resolution.

Relative length units are dependent upon a parent property with the stylesheet. This makes relative units ideal for coding websites or other applications that are intended to be view on high-resolution devices with various screen sizes. When using relative measurement units, the most common unit is em. This unit originated as a typographic measurement based on the letter M in the current font being used. For example, when you establish font size in your css document, then the measurement of 1em becomes the new font size for the element. However, if you are nestling elements within elements, it is important to remember that every em specifying font size will by multiplied with the other ems established in the document. For this reason, the value of em can be inconsistent depending on the elements being used in that section of the page. The less commonly used relative measurement is the ex unit. This unit refers the x-height of the current font. This x-height is based on the vertical measurement of the x in the current font. This is true even if the current font does not include the letter x.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

QUESTION 2: Describe the text-align, text-decoration, and line-height properties.

The various design elements available for use in CSS are very similar to basic HTML code elements. However, CSS can be applied and edited without the need to change a large amount of coding in the primary document or application. The text-align element styles the text in the specified section (if applicable) by establishing where it should be placed within the element or page. Just as with a print document, website and application fonts can be aligned in various ways; most commonly left, right and center.

There are several elements that can be controlled by the text-decoration property. Just a with any other element in your stylesheet, this property can be use to establishing overall styling or only just a portion of a page or app. There are values within the text-decoration property that allow underline, overline, line-through and none. As many web browsers automatically underline and color a hyperlink, the text-decoration property and its children (text-decoration-color, text-decoration-line and text-decoration-style) can help the programmer ensure that their project maintains the styling as it was intended rather than picking up default values from the browser or other intermediary code.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The line-height property specifies the line height of an entire document or specified section. This property can be either relative or absolute, depending on the measurement units used in the code. For absolute values, a line-height can be a specific length in pixels, inches or other accepted CSS units. If a page or app is likely to be viewed on devices with varying screen sizes and resolution capabilities, then a relative line-height can be established using percentages or a number value that will be multiplied by the current font size.

QUESTION 3: What is dithering? Why does it occur? How can it be avoided?

Dithering is not as much of an issue in web design as it was when both web browsers and bandwidth didn’t allow for a wide choice of colors. When the web first moved beyond simple text pages, designers had to find a way to improve image quality and color perception. Spatial dithering is a technique that uses two colors mixed evenly together, causing the human eye to see an “average” of those two colors. Temporal dithering is – and was – less common. It worked to improve the perceived quality of images and colors on low-quality displays by using frame rate control. Now that most browsers and devices can handle millions of colors more precisely, dithering is rarely used and is not often a problem. However, there are still low-quality devices that have problems with subtle gradient shifts so designers still need to be keep an eye on their code in regard to dithering. If you are designing for high-definition screens and all you have to work with is a low-definition image, you run the risk of your image looking even worse than it actually is. For image smoothing, dithering can still sometimes be useful to make a lower-quality image appear to be of higher quality on a high-definition screen.

QUESTION 4: Give a brief overview of forms and how they work. Include a description of the Common Gateway Interface and CGI scripts.

            Common Gateway Interface (CGI)  is a protocol used to allow designers to create web forms that interact with a database or other background application. CGI scripts can be written in many web languages, but the sequence by which the script works is generally the same. The designer creates the code for a form. This code can be as simple as a single line or two establishing name-value pairs. Based on the code chosen, a form is created for a user to enter information. Once that information is entered, your CGI script is designed to parse out the values and either use a GET or POST query string. After the CGI script sends the data to where it was intended to be sent, a response is sent back to the user. This is usually done via an HTML page created dynamically on demand.

An example of CGI script used for forms is a small form for a website or blog that allows users to be added to an email list. The user general enters their name and email address, when they press submit, the CGI script communicates with the database application that is managing your mailing list. The name and email are added to the database for later use and the user is sent to a confirmation page or given some other indication as a “reply” from the server that the user’s information was successfully added to the mailing list.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

QUESTION 5: Explain the function of CSS positioning properties.

The position property in CSS allows for establishing alternate rules for specific elements within your page or app. There are four values for the position property: static, relative, fixed and absolute. Within these values, top, bottom, left and right can also be specified, but they will only work if the position property is set first. An element positioned as static simply flows with the regular layout of the page and is not affected by the further positioning values. The relative value allows the coder to set top, right, bottom and/or left values, moving the image away from its default normal position. An element defined with a fixed position will always remain in the exact same place on the viewer’s screen, regardless of scrolling. When the position:absolute value is specified, the element will be position relative to the closest ancestor element. However, if no positioning elements are present on which to determine the value, the element will act as a fixed element, remaining in the same position regardless of scrolling. The CSS positioning properties are often useful when scripted animation effects are desired. There are many properties that can be established within the positioning properties, allowing for coders to account for text overflow, specify margins or determine the type of cursor displayed to the user. Rather than using basic HTML or trying to integrate frames, the CSS position properties allow a coder to establish a hierarchy of design that applies to all of a project or whichever specific piece is desired.

Write My Essay Sample: Shooting an Elephant
Posted by: Write My Essay on: February 13, 2019

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Introduction

Shooting an Elephant is an autobiographic reflection written by Orwell, the only character in the piece which doubles as the narrator. Orwell was working in Moulmein as a sub-divisional police officer in Burma, which was a British colony at the time. In the Shooting an Elephant, it is evident that the narrator has mixed feelings about his participation in the British Empire. Orwell recognizes that the British Empire is an oppressive and reprehensive institution. On the other hand, Orwell hates the aggrieved burns who abuse him because of his position in the Imperial police force. This essay describes how Orwell’s experience of shooting an elephant gives him insight into the manner in which imperialism deforms the freedoms of the colonists as well as how it afflicts the colonized.

Imperialism in Shooting an Elephant

Orwell serves in the British police force during a time of imperialist rule when great empires dominated subordinate nations such as Burma to take advantage of their resources. The British Empire believed that it was a white man’s burden to civilize savages in these countries. However, writers such as Orwell broke imperialism to the question whether or not European colonizers were in control. Orwell reveals his opposition to imperialism by using parallel between a Burmese elephant and the British Empire to pass a message on imperialism (Sarkar, 2016). Orwell feels that in actuality, the nature of imperialism is horrendous because it destroyed the freedoms of the British Empire as much as they justified their actions to the ‘savages.’

Orwell is best positioned to give this story because as a British officer, he had better knowledge of the truth of imperialism. Imperialism is a vice because it does not educate the locals who the British emperor felt that they were savage. Orwell depicts the native’s hatred by giving an example of a European woman who was spat on by the locals if she attempted to walk through the bazaars on her own. This is an indication that imperialism created hatred of the colonizers because of the inhumane acts they perpetrated on the natives. It would be expected that Orwell would do his job without feeling guilty. However, the inhumane acts such as flogging the locals for no particular reason created an internal conflict between what Orwell did not want to do and what he was forced to do by the British Empire. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

This autobiographic reflection begins with Orwell’s claiming his outlook on British imperialism by stating that he is fully against the oppressors and that imperialism is a vice. Orwell’s perspective on the British rule is rather surprising given that he is a British officer in Burma. Nonetheless, he feels a deep hatred and guilt towards the British Empire and himself (Montgomery, 2013). Orwell does not only write about his experience with the elephant but also how shooting the elephant metaphorically reflects his views on British imperialism. His feelings are hostile towards imperialism and Britain’s excuse for their actions in conquering Burma.

Orwell chose the elephant as a symbol of the British Empire. He draws a connection between an elephant and the British Empire using physical characteristics and its effect on Burma. The colossal nature of the elephant was analogous to the size of the British Empire, which signified its unstoppable power. Both elements share hideousness in the effect it causes on Burma. Orwell describes imperialism as stinky, intolerable, dirty, and evil and creates a parallel with an elephant by describing it as terrorizing and wild.

Orwell sets the mood of the story by illustrating the setting of the story as a ‘cloud stuffy morning at the beginning of the rains.’ The mood sets the Orwell’s tone as upsetting and weak. He depicts himself as a weak character when he writes about the Burma people and how they mock and laugh at him because he is a British police officer. Other metaphor he uses when he writes about himself builds o his character as a weak man. He compares himself to a lead actor in a piece, a performer about to execute a trick, and a puppet that poses as a dummy and wears a mask (Murphy, 2013). Since he held the magic rifle, the locals expect him to shoot the elephant but more so because he is a white man.

At this point, Orwell comes to the realization of the actual position that the white held in the East and how imperialism can hurt both the victims and their oppressors. Orwell explicates how the oppressor destroys his freedoms when he turns tyrant. He further explains the need for the white man to consistently impress the locals and act as they expect of them. His perspective is an indication that the natives have power over the white man. Therefore, Orwell has to complete his role as expected of him and realizes that all through he has been a victim of the Burmese people. Orwell felt that he was subject to the expectations of the Burmese people and he had to use his power to meet these expectations.

Orwell compares himself to an actor in the play with the Burma people behind him as the audience. He uses this metaphor when he aims to shoot the elephant in the head to display double-edged sword factor for imperialism. Orwell feels like a puppet that is controlled by both the British Empire and the Burmese people. He uses this image to demonstrate the weakness and helplessness of his character and feels like he has been forced to wear a mask and play the part of an authoritative white man. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Details in Orwell’s story demonstrate the failure of the British Emperor on the actions he took to conquer Burma. Orwell’s work of shooting the elephant is symbolism for the destruction of imperialism. His action is an indication that he was also indirectly a puppet of the natives because he succumbed to the pressure of the Burmese people and killed the elephant. Orwell’s feelings of guilt and alienation are clearly portrayed by how he immediately departs from the crowd once he kills the elephant (Melia, 2015). His loss of control is equivalent to the loss of real power of the British colony over Burma. More so, shooting the elephant symbolizes the British emperor’s failure in managing his colonies.

Shooting an Elephant in a reflection that proves that destruction of imperialism is inevitable. The British company never truly had full power over Burma. Orwell successfully draws a parallel between the British Empire and the elephant to establish the true nature of imperialism. Just like the elephant, the British colony’s justification the Burmese people ends up in dreadful fatality (Maiti, 2015). By shooting the elephant, Orwell demonstrates the shift in power since he is forced by the supposed conquered Burmese to destroy British Empire, which proofs that the presence of white men in the East is futile. Therefore, imperialism at its best is deceptive and horrendous.

Tone in Shooting an Elephant

Orwell’s tone in the narrative is revealing, informal and friendly. His tone captures the attention of the reader because he builds the trust of the reader by sharing intimate details of his hatred and confliction. More so, his approach to narrating the story reveals a glimpse of his persona that in most narrations the reader does not get to see. For example, his voice when he speaks of conflict is the view of a person under authority trying to do act right in an impossible situation. More particularly, he says, ‘I was stuck between my hatred of the empire I served and my rage against the evil-spirited little beasts who tried to make my job impossible.’ He speaks of his alienation and that of the locals when he refers to the crowd of Burmese people watching him as an ‘a sea of yellow faces’ (Murphy, 2013). It is easy for the reader to follow and share about his experiences because he is very honest about his challenges; as much as most of the readers have never had to shoot an elephant. However, the readers empathize with Orwell because many have had to act in a manner that feels wrong because then they wanted to avoid dishonor or they were forced to wear a particular ‘mask.’[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Conclusion

Orwell uses his moral dilemma to communicate to the reader the evils that emanate from imperialism and colonial politics. He successfully blends his personal thoughts, political opinions, and commentary into the narrative, which makes the story easy to read as well as shows the influences of imperialism on the colonized and the oppressors. Orwell explains imperialism by perfectly transforming himself from a position of supposedly high power into a victim of his tragedy of shooting an elephant. He implies that it is a tragedy that human beings would go to all lengths to do some things just to avoid dishonor and humiliation.

 

References

Maiti, K. (2015). Designating an Animal Victim: Violent Sparagmos in Orwell’s Shooting an Elephant. Labyrinth: An International Refereed Journal of Postmodern Studies, 6(1).

Melia, P. (2015). Imperial Orwell. Atlantis. Journal of the Spanish Association for Anglo-American Studies, 37(2), 11-25.

Montgomery, K. (2013). Shooting An Elephant: How the British Became the Leading Imperialist in Africa and the World.

Murphy, R. F. (2013). Exterminating the Elephant in” Heart of Darkness.” The Conradian: the Journal of the Joseph Conrad Society (UK), 38(2), 1.

Sarkar, S. (2016). ‘To Avoid Looking a Fool’ or Repressed Ethnocentrism-A Postcolonial View of George Orwell’s Shooting an Elephant. International Journal of Research, 3(01), 850-853.

 

Write My Essay Sample: Greek and Roman Literature on Women
Posted by: Write My Essay on: February 12, 2019

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Greek and Roman authors and their portrayal of women as evil

The topic of Witchcraft and Sorcery was one of the most common themes written about by Greek and Roman authors in ancient literature. A common feature of such writing was the portrayal of women as having some magic powers, often using them for evil purposes hence the term “witch” which is thought to have been derived from the word Wicca, meaning someone who cast a spell. Coupled with the witch-hunts that were common in many parts of Europe in the Middle Ages, this term began to be used to describe females only and to signify evil (Russell, 23). The works of Homer, Theocritus, Apollonius, Horace, Lucan, and Apuleius while different in many ways have a certain similarity in the portrayal of a single female character as having magical powers and other characteristics considered evil among the people of ancient Greek and Rome. This essay provides a deeper analysis of this portrayal by Greek authors represented by Homer, Theocritus and Apollonius and Roman authors represented by Horace, Lucan, and Apuleius.

Homer’s The Odyssey which was the first piece of literature in which the famous character Circe makes her first appearance, was written in around 700B.C. Circe is a goddess, the daughter of the Sun and lives on the island of Aeaea. One of the incidents worth noting in the Odyssey is Odysseus’ visit to Aeaea, where Circe turns his men into animals. With the help of Hermes, a god, Odysseus gained immunity to Circe’s magic potions and forced Circe to convince him to become her lover. The description of how Circe mixed potions and uses her wand to enhance the effect of her spell portrays her as a woman who uses black magic to get what she wants. Homer, however, deviates from the traditional stereotype of witches being ugly old hags, describing Circe as having golden braided hair, the speech of a human being and special powers. Homer still ascribes to the traditional portrayal of witches using their skills to gain some sexual favors as Circe turns Odysseus’ men into pigs and erases their memory of home to ensure Odysseus stays with her (Homer, 47).[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Apart from Circe, Homer’s The Odyssey has some notable female characters, each of them used in a different way to further his portrayal of women as evil. Penelope, the grieving wife of Ulysses, is as complex a character as they come. Homer first paints her as a grieving mother, oblivious to the advances of her suitors. This quickly changes when she is described by Telemachus as an intelligent woman who for three years drove men out of their minds with empty promises. While apparently mourning for her husband, Penelope lead these suitors one with the promise of marriage to one of them immediately she finished showing her wedding veil. Unbeknownst to them, she destroyed her work every night so that she never actually finished sowing. Homer portrays Penelope as a deceitful gold digger who used her seductive charm to become wealthy by her suitors (Homer, 67).

Homer also tells of another charming woman, Clymenestra, who was consistently pursued by suitors in her husband’s absence. Despite her strong character, she falls for one of her suitors and colludes with him to plot the death of her husband Agamemnon once he returned from his noble pursuits.  Again, Homer depicts a woman as being evil, only capable of love when it fulfills her selfish desire, and quick to dismiss the vows of marriage once they do not serve her needs at the time as is implied by Clymenestra finally causing the death of her husband.Clymenestra is also depicted as one having no self-control, and needing the validation of a man which coincides well with the theme of male domination consistent in The Odyssey.

Closely related to Homer’s Circe is Medea, her niece, and the subject of Apollonius’ Jason and the Argonauts. She was quite infamous, as is shown by her appearance in the works of many other writers such as Euripides and Ovid. In Apollonius’ story, Medea is smitten by Aphrodite with love for Jason to complete the plans of Athena and Hera. This backfires, leading Medea to help Jason in getting the Golden Fleece and she returns to Greece as Jason’s wife. In Greece, she is an outsider who does not fit in. When Jason later betrays her for a younger, local woman, Medea vengefully punishes Jason, giving her the sinister reputation she has had for centuries (Homer, 64). Not only did she make a poisonous robe that killed Princess Jason was to marry, she later killed all her children in horrible ways. Apollonius’ portrayal of Medea seems to appeal to readers’ sympathy, in telling of her love for a husband who later betrayed her (Homer, 89). Unlike other authors who describe the evil characters with no hint of humanity, Apollonius lets a reader see into his character’s betrayal, perhaps in an attempt to explain her evil. The magnitude of Medea’s actions, however, have made readers throughout succeeding centuries experience certain difficulty in reconciling their sympathy for her with her destructive actions.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

It is of interest to note that Apollonius himself was said to have been associated with witchcraft. One of Apollonius’ more intriguing spells was the PGM Xia (Ogden, 113). It involved the use of a Typhon’s skull and the chanting of an incantation while spreading herbs and incense to summon one’s demonic assistant. The assistant remained loyal only if she stayed in the form of an old repulsive hag. If she were allowed to transform into a young and attractive maiden, however, she would escape. The evidence of his spells still being practiced 300 years later paints Apollonius as a skilled sorcerer, once again bringing into question why a woman practicing the same kind of magic would have been labeled evil. It seems like the evil was attributed to women, regardless of the existence of men who performed similar actions (Ogden, 133)

Theocritus’ second Idyllic about a woman called Simaetha. On her way to the temple, she sees a young man named Delphis and is completely struck by her intense attraction to him, so much so that she is taken ill for several days. Upon sending for him, Delphis admits that he was planning to come to her of his own accord but later betrays her with another lady. Simaetha then turns to magic to win her lover back(Hunter, 44). Once more, the use of magic is portrayed by Theocritus to be for selfish purposes and evil intent. Simaetha uses aniunx bird in casting her spell, attaching it to a wheel which when spun would imitate the mating call of the iunx, a sound presumed to draw the desired lover to her house. Simaetha is portrayed as anything but the demure, proper Roman women of ancient Rome as she brazenly goes after a man to the point of using a spell to ensnare him (Hunter, 38). Although driven by love, Simaetha’s use of magic spells for her own agenda made her go down I n history as one of the evil women of ancient Greece.

The stories told of the magic performed by the women in Greece through the characters of Circe, Medea and Simaetha tells of an apparent bias in the judgment of a person of the female gender. The women of Greece are portrayed as evil, sex-fiends who were repugnant either in looks or behavior and whose sole aim is to gain the affections of a man. This stereotype is mad much worse by the sexual connotations, which put some doubt on the claims of burning love for the objects of their affection. Men who practiced sorcery, however, were not the subject of much controversy, manifestly evident in the fact that the term “sorcerer,” often used for the male version of a witch does not come with an implication of evil or the stereotype of ugly and repulsive physical features. The fact that the Greek authors analyzed in this essay seem to further this agenda paints a picture of the prejudice against women in those ancient times.

One of the most famous witches of Roman literature is Canidia, in Horace’s poems. Canidia has portrayed as the stereotypical witch; a repulsive and frightening old hag. Canidia and her counterpart Sagan, mentioned in Horace’s poems as well, are dressed in black attire with pale skin and dirty nails and hair. Canadia is described as having locks entwined with vipers. Her rituals portray a certain inhumane quality, especially when she abducts a boy and buries him in the ground, keeping his head just above the surface, so that she can make a powerful erotic spell. The boy was starved and always teased with glimpses of food to make his internal organs stronger with longing, making the spell even more potent (Horace, et.al, 21) Just like the stereotypical witch Canidia uses her magic to satisfy her depraved lust. Horace deliberately portrays Canidia as a depraved practitioner who practices black magic perhaps to discourage the payment for witches’ services in ancient Rome (Flint, 77)

Erictho in Lucan’s Pharsalia is often described as a “living caricature of wickedness” (Johnson, 26). Lucan took a completely different approach in his portrayal of Erictho as a witch who unlike other witches who use their powers to attain wealth, sex or power, commits evil acts just for the sake of it and delights in her actions. Lucan describes her as a woman willing to commit any crime and would not have any hesitation given a chance. Instead of being a symbol of fertility as most Roman women were expected to be in ancient times, Erictho represents destruction and death. Erictho sacrifices babies to the gods. In one particular reference, she tells the gods that she has never had any hesitation in murdering a child to give the gods the entrails. In another grimmer picture, she tears the fetus from the womb of a pregnant woman to give an offering to the gods. Erictho is also given lethal powers by Lucan. She is described as being more poisonous than a snake, with the ability to destroy entire fields of the crop by simply walking over them. Roman women characteristically presented themselves with some level of modesty, but Erictho is brazen and shameless. Lucan also describes her as physically repulsive and bizarrely sexual, with an affinity for defiling the dead. In this way, Lucan has stuck to the traditional portrayal of witches as ugly and disgusting in the worst way possible, choosing only to vary his narrative with her unique senseless cruelty (Lucan, 56). [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

In The Golden Ass by Apuleius, the practice of witchcraft being exclusive to women who are sexually deprived or desirable seems to be a common theme. Apuleius brings out more clearly the tendency of men throughout history to blame the effects women may have on them on dark magic, acting as an excuse for their immorality and also allowing them to apportion the blame for their actions on someone else. The women described as “not at all bad-looking” and “really in heat” at the start of the Golden Ass already sends a powerful message on the stand Apuleius takes on the matter of women and their power (Apuleius & Sarah, 32). The numerous sexual encounters in his narrative serve to further his agenda. Pamphile is one of the sinfully seductive seductresses in the narrative. The narrator is warned to “watch out for her criminal enticements” because “the moment she sees a handsome young man, she becomes possessive and cannot see or think of any other thing.” Pamphile’s evil nature is brought out through this warning which includes a cautionary tale on how she would instantly turn into a rock, sheep or any other animal any man who does not cooperate or fancy her (Apuleius & Sarah, 53).

Another character of interest in Apuleius’ Golden Assis the witch Meroe who was said to have turned a former lover into a beaver because beavers are famed for escaping their pursuers by biting off their testicles.  A clear message that something akin to this would happen to her lover who had been unfaithful (Apuleius & Sarah, 68). Meroe has no qualms in destroying a man in this way; the most heinous retribution a man could undergo by threatening his masculinity. Such a threat is sure to control even the toughest of men.

The women of Rome seem to have suffered a fate similar to that of their Greek counterparts, only made worse by the extremism in the authors’ description of their wickedness. In ancient Rome, it was a common belief that women who drank committed all sorts of adultery, with the Romans going as far as allowing a husband to beat his wife to death for the crime of drinking. The placing of the stereotype of witchcraft on women who were considered to be most vulnerable to bouts of uncontrollable anger made the whole practice to be looked upon with a mixture of fear and disgust. It caused the consequent expulsion of certain religions that gave women a pivotal role as they were believed to be similar to witchcraft. Despite the public maltreatment and prosecution of women associated with black magic, it is documented that famous men sought to have their diviners, and this was accepted by society. Julius Caeser as in The Lives of The Twelve Caesars openly admitted to having favorites in the field of magic.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

From the analysis of relevant literature, it is noticeable that ancient mythology and literature was used by various authors as a medium of portraying witchcraft and sorcery as a woman’s domain that was malevolent and misused for selfish gain or the sheer pleasure of it. Authors use crimes synonymous with the most evil perceived of any woman, in the form of infanticide and the threat to a man’s virility. Some of the authors target the very core of felinity by describing their characters as barren, either by choice or otherwise, and giving them sexual deprivation of unfathomable proportions that drives them to heinous acts. The women’s sexuality is underscored by some of these authors who portray the power a woman may have over a man as being the effect of black magic and not a natural occurrence.

Against a background of meekness, humility and some form of class that was expected of both Greek and Roman women at the time, the characters of these works all defy the norm and present a very different picture. The authors’ works all agree on the woman being an evil creature, although some go about it in a more humane way than others, allowing the reader to feel some sympathy for the character in being able to relate to their experience. While attempting to portray different levels of wickedness, the authors all describe the woman of the ancient times as an evil creature who was not to be trusted.

The vilification of women by the two different cultures reflects on the issues of equality between men and women that is still a vibrant subject up to date. For ages, men have been viewed as the stronger sex in various cultures; among the manifest injustices to women is in education. In most traditions, women were not allowed to go to school and were perceived as domestic workers whose place was the kitchen and raising children. Some cultures in third world countries in Asia and Africa still downplay the girls and deny her a chance to go school; marry her off early in exchange for commodities as bride price. This brings in the question of why women have been sidelined in for ages as seen from the above-discussed philosophers and authors. The world, however, is coming to age and women have been granted equal opportunities as their male counterparts.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

In conclusion, I am of the opinion that both women and women should be treated equally. The above-discussed texts proof that we have come a long way into embracing our equality and the world should thus strive to ensure that all women are accorded their rights and privileges just like men. We should seek to instill the fact that both males and females are equal and only differentiated by our genders. Both the Greek and the Roman cultures failed to express this in the past but have since made amends; there is thus potential for all sections of the world to emulate the same.

 

Works Cited

 

Apuleius, and Sarah Ruden. The Golden Ass. New Haven [Conn.: Yale University Press, 2011. Internet resource.

 

Flint, Valerie I. J. Witchcraft and Magic in Europe.Athlone, 1999.

 

Homer. The Odyssey.Viking, 1996.

 

Horace, et al.The Complete Odes and Epodes: With the Centennial Hymn. Penguin, 1983.

 

Hunter, R L. Theocritus and the Archaeology of Greek Poetry.Cambridge UP, 1996.

 

Johnson, W R. Momentary Monsters: Lucan and His Heroes. Cornell UP, 1987.

 

Lucan. Pharsalia.Cornell UP, 1993.

 

Ogden, Daniel. Magic, Witchcraft, and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A Sourcebook. Oxford UP, 2002.

 

Russell, Jeffrey B. A History of Witchcraft, Sorcerers, Heretics & Pagans.Thames & Hudson, 2007.

 

Essay Writing Service Sample: The Process of Forgiveness
Posted by: Write My Essay on: February 8, 2019

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The Process of Forgiveness

Letting go of pain, anger, and frustration is not a walk in the park. Forgive and forget. It’s the usual advice we give and have received when angry about situations and people who’ve wronged us or turned us down. Hurt people often hurt others, and we should not fall into that equation. It’s so easy to pass judgment and call others evil and just walk away from those situations, but that doesn’t help us to heal. I learned that being the bigger person does not mean I have to hurt those who’ve hurt me. It does not entail that if we don’t get even, it means there has been an injustice. We all need forgiveness even if it’s you that you have to forgive. Another lesson that I learned about forgiveness is that it’s always about me. The rage and exasperation we experience allow us to be vulnerable by blocking our judgment even when we know the right action to take (Mitchell, 2013). But remember that it takes a healthy and wise person to forgive by choosing to be better, not bitter. We are so loyal to those hurtful moments that we forget that we all are on a journey to self-happiness. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Response to Peers 1

When you’re in a predicament, you have two options, you either fight or flight. Before, trying to prove a point was the only thing that could quickly ring into my head due to lack of empathy, it was always about me. But with time, one realizes that forgiveness is not easy, and that it’s one of the most selfless acts that people have to recharge regularly to be happy. One could have the money to get them the best bed, but one cannot buy enough sleep as an escape plan from their issues. People always try to escape from something that they can’t escape from because it’s inside of them. Steadily building up unexpressed emotions through drinking, [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]smoking, and overeating eventually erupts in the least expected ways and with consequences. The safest way is realizing that one is only human and they could easily get angry and want to seek vengeance (Mitchell, 2013).

Response to Peers 2

“Holding on to anger is like poison and expecting the other person to die” is a famous quote by Buddha on forgiveness. It only states that blaming is the easiest way out that limits one’s life. But when one forgives, they come to terms with themselves. Don’t let resentment, anger, depression, revenge, fear, and sadness define who you are, rather allow them to remind you to forgive again and again. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]Because when you forgive, you feel more empowered and you open the door to be who you can be. One creates the future that they’ve always wanted. Thus at all times, we should remember that anger and holding on to bitterness only works against us. It does us no better but to destroy us from within. But once we let go, forgive and forget, we lessen the load carried by our hearts. More importantly, we radiate the brightness of our hearts to those around us and attract them to us. This makes us lovable and easy to cope with others (Mitchell, 2013).

References

Mitchell, M. (2013). 9 Steps to Forgiveness. Psychology Today.

Essay Writing Service Sample: Culture Eats Strategy for Breakfast
Posted by: Write My Essay on: February 6, 2019

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Eats Strategy for Breakfast

Culture Eats Strategy for Breakfast is an article that sheds light on the importance of a strong culture to an organization. The author sites Cambridge Decision Dynamics, an organization that he had personally founded but went down the drain due to lack of an effective corporate culture. The concept of culture not only provides the vision, mission, and values that an organization adheres to but also helps in establishing a formidable team that can execute the organization’s goals (Aulet, 2014). The key concepts discussed in the article include;

  • A strong corporate culture is very important for the long-term survival of any organization. Lack of a corporate culture gives an organization a weak foundation and any attempts at growth subjects it to extreme strain.[Click Essay Writerto order your essay]
  • Culture is embraced right from the hiring process. Not every employee who joins the organization can connect with the culture, and it is important to note the individuals who will fit and eventually create value.
  • Corporate culture designs an overall attitude of employees that prompt them to synchronize into an effective team. Employees do not simply wait for directives but understand why and how they need to work towards a certain objective.
  • Without a strong corporate culture, an organization is bound to fail regardless of whether they have a top notch product coupled with a solid strategy. Organizations with an innovative product will perform dismally if there are no clear guidelines regarding teamwork.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
  • Culture does not just happen, and it must be engineered by the founders of the organization. This approach should be in line with the kind of vision the founders have for the organization.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

References

Aulet, B. (2014). Culture eats strategy for breakfast. Tech Crunch

Write My Essay Sample: Deviant Behaviors and the Society
Posted by: Write My Essay on: February 4, 2019

 

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Introduction

Deviance in sociology refers to a behavior that goes against the set rules or acceptable norms in the society. Deviant behaviors are grouped into two categories; the formal and informal deviant behaviors. Formal deviance is dictated by the law and involves criminal activities while informal deviance is dictated by social norms. Deviance varies greatly among societies and what would be accepted to be non-deviant in a given society could be deviant in another. This paper explores two deviant behaviors; one that was previously viewed criminal but at present it is non-criminal and another that was non-criminal but now is criminal and theories that may have contributed to this.

Same-Sex Relationships

A same-sex relationship, or homosexuality/lesbianism as some people refer to it, is among deviant behaviors that have received different views and perceptions in the world. It involves people developing sexual desires and interests in other people of the same sex. In many countries, same-sex relationships and marriages are illegal while in others it has been legalized. Countries such as Iran, Iraq and other Middle Eastern countries have very stern rules against such relationships and those found going against them may end up being executed. On the other hand, the United States of America and New Zealand are among the few countries that have legalized same-sex relationships and marriages.

Same-sex relationships have been in existence from time immemorial. The Roman Empire in the 2nd and 3rd century supported this behavior and even some of their emperors would marry other men, Emperor Nero being an example. The behavior then spread and by the 18th and 19th century most European countries in the west started decriminalizing it. Male sodomy was decriminalized in the Colony of Virginia and death penalty was the terminal consequence. Brandenburg-Prussia also passed similar laws for sodomy as for the Colony of Virginia. The issue of homosexuality has come a long way. Since the first incidences of homosexuality were first observed to date, homosexuality has been an emerging issue in different countries. Despite the harsh penalties homosexuals were subjected to, homosexuals in some of the countries like the United States of America and New Zealand have found their place in the society. This has been achieved through complains of unfair treatment through movements and unions (Goodwin, 2003).

In the year 1996 homosexual men were allowed to serve in the military of the United States of America, this was owing to the need for a reinforcement in the military. It is also during the same year that the United States sent troops to Vietnam (Young, 2002). This offered an opportune moment for the homosexual men to increase their numbers. It is thought more people converted to become homosexuals through the social learning theory. Those that were not homosexuals could have been introduced into it through their interactions with other homosexuals. With increased number they fought for their rights and finally won legally.

The gay liberation movement came up as a result of police harassment of the gay society. In 1969, there was a crackdown on gay men by police; these included raids on gay and transgender bars where gay men met, arrested and arraigned them in court. The reaction was riots and resisting arrest by the police. Activists arose due to the incidences and confronted the police for harassment and brutality. Through the labeling theory, gay men accepted how the society had viewed them as being bad and were willing to fight for their place.

Labeling and social learning theories played an important in the fight against discrimination of the gay society. However, sexual inadequacy had a role in determining who joins the group and who does not. For instance, gay men are said to have inadequacies in terms of anatomical and hormonal functions. This orients them to being attracted to other men. It is clear basing on this theory that one does not choose whether to be gay but rather it is inborn trait (Bancroft et al. 1971).[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Alcoholism

Alcoholism as a disorder characterized by constant consumption of alcohol and is associated with a pathologic continuous consumption of the substance. The result of this is constant dependency of alcohol by the individual. Alcoholism involves both continuous heavy drinking and binge drinking. It is viewed as a deviant behavior owing to addiction for alcohol observed in alcoholics. It is therefore continuous and heavy drinking in alcoholics that makes alcoholism deviant.

Alcohol production and alcohol drinking has been in existence for a long time. It is believed that it started at around 3150 BC in ancient Egypt. It is also thought that 300 BC alcoholic drinks were in existence in Babylon. The Neolithic time, due to developments in agriculture, saw an increase in alcohol production and consumption. During this time, alcohols of lower strengths were used as everyday drinks for all members of the family regardless of age. In ancient Rome, alcohol consumption was given a boost since it was available to everyone including the slaves. During this time wine was viewed as being a daily necessity. Africans also attached a lot of importance to alcohol and they incorporated alcoholic drinks into all of their traditional rituals.

The first time alcohol use was viewed differently was during 1500-1800 when other churches lead by Martin Luther who were against teachings and views held by Catholics about alcohol. Ever since, then alcohol drinking had two parts; ensuring moderation for enjoyment while avoiding excessive drinking to ensure one did not experience the bad effects of drunkenness. However, despite continued efforts to reduce alcohol consumption to moderate levels, cases of excessive alcohol drinking still persisted up to date.

Excessive alcohol consumption is associated with many dangers that range from health problems, death, violence and accidents. Governments are aware of this and so have come up with rules and regulation to curb excessive alcohol consumption. Some of these rules include not selling alcoholic drinks to those below minimum drinking age, observing certain drinking hours of the day and not driving while drunk. Those found violating the set rules face the law.

One of the methods used by governments to reduce commodity consumption is through increasing taxes on the product. For instance governments have been known to increase taxes on alcoholic drinks which consequently increase their prices. By doing so, the decentralized control of alcoholics is affected. They may therefore resort to taking less alcohol as compared to when prices would have been low. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

External restraint on alcohol use has been found to play a role in delayed-gratification paradigm. Measures put in place by the government like drinking hours of the day could result into alcoholics postponing their urge of taking alcohol until the stipulated drinking hours. It means that alcoholics only have a limited time span of taking alcohol. This on the side of the government has helped increase productivity of its citizens and at the same time reduces the bad effects associated with alcohol taking. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Conclusion

Deviant behaviors vary from society to society and from country to country. Same-sex relationships and marriages are acceptable in the United States but are offences in other countries. Whether deviance is formal or informal also varies from place to place. It therefore depends on the society’s views, expectations and accepted norms in order to determine whether a behavior is deviant or not. The society could also with time come to accept given deviant behaviors to become acceptable behaviors and others that were acceptable become deviant. Alcohol was never restrained during early days but currently there are many rules and regulations governing alcohol use. All this depends on the changes in the demands of the society and its members.

 

References

Bancroft, J. (1971). Sexual inadequacy in the male. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 47(550), 562–571.

Goodwin, J., & Jasper, J. M. (2003). The social movements reader: Cases and concepts. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub

Young, M. B., & Buzzanco, R. (2002). A companion to the Vietnam War. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub.

Essay Writing Service Sample: Comparison between Davidic, Mosaic, and Abrahamic Covenants
Posted by: Write My Essay on: January 31, 2019

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Most Christians are under the impression that when God instituted any of his covenants, all the previous covenants were abolished. However, all God’s covenants in the Old Testament overlap each other, except the Adamic Covenant, and even covenants such as Davidic covenants are fulfilled in the New Testament. This essay compares Davidic covenant to Mosaic and Abrahamic covenants as well as demonstrate the fulfillment of the Davidic covenant in the New Testament.

Abrahamic and Davidic covenants are operating in the New Covenant, but the Mosaic covenant is not. The Abrahamic Covenant overlaps Mosaic and Davidic covenant periods and is hugely fulfilled in the New Covenant. From Galatians 3:16-18, it is evident that the Abrahamic Covenant was not left behind by the start of the Mosaic Covenant. Romans 4:6-12 confirms that David prophesied the Abrahamic covenant continued into David’s reign, many years after the Mosaic covenant began (Scott, p 5). In the Abrahamic covenant, God declared this covenant everlasting, which means that it did not cease when the following agreements began.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The Mosaic Covenant overlaps the Davidic Covenant, and the ceremonial features of this agreement were finished at the Messiah’s death. Moral parts of the Mosaic Law were applied in the New Covenant period to nonbelievers who believed that those who failed to abide by the Mosaic Law suffered a death penalty that involved physical and spiritual death. The formal aspects of the Mosaic covenant such as offerings, blood sacrifices applied to the Israelites to the original giving of the Mosaic Law up until the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Davidic covenant is partly fulfilled in the new covenant and overlaps part of the Mosaic covenant. 2nd Samuel 7:12-17 is evidence that a descendant of David would fulfill the David Covenant. To some extent, Solomon fulfilled this covenant, but Jesus Christ fulfilled the promise in a deeper sense as the Messiah (Scott, p 6-11). Verses such as Hebrew 1:5 show that Jesus Christ would fulfill the Davidic covenant and sit on David’s throne as the King Of Kings. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The Abrahamic and Davidic covenant are called grant promises or covenants of promise while the Mosaic covenant was likened to a suzerain-vassal treaty. In the Abrahamic and Davidic covenant, God makes commitments to His people, and the covenant represented God’s obligation to His people. Abrahamic and Davidic covenant protected the rights of Gods people, and God made promises and little or no demands on His people. However, the Mosaic covenant was different because God imposed obligations in the form of laws and rituals to the people of Israel. The mosaic covenant represented the Israelites’ commitment to God to please God or lest they face punishment for disobeying the imposed rules and rituals. Under the Mosaic covenant, failure by the Israelites to conform to the covenant, would lead to a curse or covenant failure including the possession of the Promised Land. However, in the Davidic covenant, the treacherous conduct of any of the rulers did not threaten the realization of God’s promises to His people.

The reigns of King Hezekiah, Josiah and Manasseh, were a clear demonstration of the relationship between the Davidic and Mosaic covenants. Provisions in the Mosaic covenant offered a measuring yardstick for their reign (Kimble, p 861-865). Their reign taught the Israelites the importance of having a God-fearing king, keeping the covenant, and relying on God’s mercy and deliverance. The King doubled as the Covenant administrator, and he was to trust God to deliver. Israelites’ obligation was to remain loyal to Yahweh. The Davidic king was to lead his people in observing the Torah. Therefore, there lies a significant convergence between the Mosaic and Davidic covenants. The Davidic ruler was to epitomize the standards of the Mosaic Covenant. However, lack of conformity of the Mosaic Law in the Davidic period did not determine whether God would bring the realization of the provisions of the Davidic covenant. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Promises in the Davidic covenant anticipate the coming of David’s descendant who would rule in obedience to God’s covenant. The Davidic covenant is unconditional, and it was made between David and God through God’s promises to the Israelites that the Messiah would come from David’s lineage, the tribe of Judah, and establish an everlasting kingdom. Unlike the Mosaic and Abrahamic covenants, Davidic covenant was unconditional because God did not place conditions of obedience upon its fulfillment (Kimble, p 866-870). The guarantee of God’s promises rested exclusively on God’s faithfulness.

 

Works Cited

Kimble, Jeremy M. “Book Review: Kingdom through Covenant.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 58.4 (2015): 861-870.

 

Scott, Rickie S. “Covenant, Kingship, Grace, Sacrifice, and Prophetism in the Old Testament.” The Kabod 2.1 (2015): 5.

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