Deviant Behavior: Homosexuality
In the societal realm, deviance or deviant behavior is an action that is considered to deviate or violate the social norms that are believed and held by the people. In any culture or society, there are certain codes and norms that each member of the society is expected to follow. Any violation from these norms may on many occasions lead to breaking of certain rules and may call for the personal prosecution of an individual who breaks these norms. In this deviant behavior paper, I chose homosexuality as a deviant behavior that is considered criminal in one society and normal in other societies. The behavior is considered to be deviant since it is accepted in some societies or countries whereas it is not in other countries. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
Homosexuality is defined as a romantic association, sexual behavior or sexual attraction between members of the same sex (Dallas, 2015). It may be between two males or between two females. In the past, homosexuality was seen as an evil and a sin by many societies across the globe. However, the effects of civilization and liberalization of societies have made people moiré lenient and some societies have allowed such individuals to enjoy their freedom. However, there are other societies that do not consider such actions or associations to be lawful. As a result, in some countries or societies, individuals who are suspected to have such associations may be personally persecuted since the association is considered to be a crime and thereby ought to be punishable.
Global Significance of Homosexuality
In the past few decades, there have been many movements that have had significant impacts on the lives of millions of people across the globe. Since the women suffrage movement in the United States to the civil rights movements, numerous debates have often risen across the societies on the rights that should be accorded to various individuals within a given nation. These campaigns have on many occasions focused on the family and the rights of each individual as guarded by the constitution within a given jurisdiction. In the past twenty years, one of the topics that have on many occasions hit global headlines is the marriage equality. However, a recent survey suggested that there is a surprising divide that seems to be growing on the notion of acceptance of homosexuals and homosexuality across the globe (Vasey-Saunders, 2015). Such a change makes it important to address the issue of homosexuality as a deviant behavior.
This has led to heightened debates across many leaders in both the society level and on the political realm. As many countries continue to accept people who are gay, some other countries have strict laws that call for the death penalty, imprisonment, and on some occasions may lead to life imprisonment when an individual is caught or suspected to be involved in activities that suggest that they are attracted to individuals who are of the same sex. From an assessment of the level of acceptance to homosexuality across the globe, I came to a conclusion that most of North America, Latin America, and Europe have a higher level of acceptance than in other regions across the globe. The regions that I identified to have the least level of acceptance to homosexuals included Africa and most parts of Asia.
Most of the nations in Asia, more so the Middle East, that are predominantly Muslim have a very strict guideline in relation to individuals who are homosexuals or participate in homosexual activities. This is mainly because Islam has strict guidelines and laws that are expected to be followed by every individual within the society. On the other hand, Western Nations have in the past adopted liberal policies that assert that the freedom of an individual ought to be the most paramount thing to any individual and not what the religion or government places upon the people. From the research, the nations that had the highest level of acceptance to homosexuals included Germany, Spain, Canada, and the United States.
As a result, discussing the issue is an important step towards understanding why different countries have various levels of acceptance for homosexuals and homosexuality. I chose to focus between the Western Nations and Asian countries that are predominantly Muslim States due to the fact that there have been numerous rights violations that have happened in these Muslim States due to the lack by the society to allow individuals who are gay to enjoy their life as they wish. Choosing these different societies allows an individual to understand in close detail the repercussions that may befall an individual who is a homosexual in one society and what they would face in a different society. Focusing on these two different societies also helps point out to the notions that different people have over a given matter and how changes can be made in the future to correct these differences.
Why Homosexuality is considered Criminal in one Society
There are a total of seventy three countries across the globe that have criminal laws that relate to sexual activity that is considered to be homosexual in nature. These activities may either involve gays, lesbians, bisexual, transgender, and intersex. These laws range from imprisonment, punishment, and even the death penalty. In many Muslim nations, the death penalty is applied to any individual who is suspected or caught performing activities that are considered or said to be homosexual in nature. There are several reasons that are given by various societies on why homosexuality is a criminal offence and individuals ought to be punished if caught in the act. The first reason is based on the fact that the institution of marriage has since time in memorial been defined as a relationship between a man and a woman and not between people of the same sex.
This idea is supported by most religious leaders across the globe and societal leaders especially in nations that have criminal laws against homosexuality. The second reason is due to the perception that marriage ought to be for procreation purposes and thereby homosexuals cannot bring forth children. Sex is seen by many people in these countries as an activity that should bring forth children. However, homosexuals cannot bring forth children since they belong to the same sex. This has been an idea that has been brought forward by many religious leaders across the various religions since no religion allows homosexuality. In Muslim Nations, Islam states that homosexuals need to be punished through the worst punishment possible and this further explains why homosexuality is considered to be a criminal offence in these nations in parts of Asia.
Some of the countries where homosexuality is considered to be a criminal offence often state that it denies a child the chance to have a mother or a father. This is due to the fact that it creates an association that cannot bring forth children and thereby it is legalized. There has also been a huge risk in same-sex associations than in normal associations. In the United States, for example, the rate of HIV transmission is higher among homosexuals than to other members of the population. This means that these countries make homosexuality illegal or a criminal act since it increases the chances of HIV transmission and thus ruining the health of millions of people across the jurisdiction that they govern.
Homosexuality is also perceived to promote sexual promiscuity. This is based on recent studies that suggest that homosexuals are more likely to cheat on their partners than other people in the society. Such promiscuity is seen as a social vice in the countries where homosexuality is considered to be a criminal offence and thereby these countries have set up measures that mean that any individual who is caught to be performing such acts may be subjected to the relevant punishment by the authorities. Banning homosexuality also tends to close the door to more social vices that may be observed within any society in the future. Homosexuality is in itself an instance of moral decay and this can only be stopped when the vice is made illegal across the globe. It would be unimaginable centuries ago if people of the same sex were allowed to have sex. As a result, it would be unimaginable if it is made legal since it may open the door tro other social vices such as bestiality.
Why Homosexuality is not considered Criminal in one Society
In the Western Nations, homosexuality is seen to be normal and not criminal for several reasons. The first is that making such an activity or orientation would mean that some people would be discriminated against and this would create a second class of citizens who do not deserve the same level of rights as others within the society. Such a scenario would over time create animosity between these two different groups. It is also perceived that everyone within the society ought to have the same level of benefits as are enjoyed by others within the society. This means that the differences that exist between us should not be used to determine the benefits that one receives.
Some of the differences include sex, age, skin color, and race. There is also the idea that the traditional concept of a man and a woman has changed over time. This change has been as a result of civilization and most Western Nations have accepted such changes and embraced them (Chitando, & Van Klinken, 2016). As a result, many people see homosexuality as something that we all should accept while at the same time allowing all people to enjoy the life that they would like to lead. There has also been a mixing of cultures between people from all walks of life. Such mixing of cultures has led to a huge increase in diversity not only at the workplace but also at the society level.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]
People have over time lost their identity to a given culture and this has created a society that is very liberal and one that is open to changes that take place on a daily basis. Such acceptance has increased the likelihood of people in Western Nations to view homosexuality as something that is a basis right for every individual. In the United States, for example, gay marriages and associations are protected by the constitution (Spahiu, 2016). Such protection means that liberty and equality can only be enhanced at the societal level when the rights of homosexuals and other people who have varying sexual orientations are protected. When such protection is removed, many people in the country who identify as homosexual may come under the wrath of the public.
There have also been perceptions that allowing individuals to live their lives the way they choose also enhances their welfare and well-being. This means that when individuals who are homosexuals are allowed to lead their lives the way they want, they are more likely to have imported health and well-being. In regions where homosexuality is outlawed, these individuals often suffer from depression due to the stigma that is brought about by realizing that one is different from the others. Such a realization may also lead to fear and uncertainty and may over time lead to suicidal thoughts among the individuals who identify themselves to be homosexuals or gay. Such acceptance also reduces the instances of such an individual from developing mental illnesses that may affect their health. As a result, homosexuality is not considered to be criminal offence in these countries.
Theories Explaining Homosexuality
There are several theories that have over time been used by psychologists to explain homosexuality and why people turn into the behavior. The best theory that best explains homosexuality is a regression to the earliest stage of development among children. In the Western Nations, there are more homosexuals than in the Muslim states in Asia. This is due to the fact that children are exposed to various cultures and this stimulates a desire in them to be different from other people. This desire over time leads to homosexuality since children are pushed to be different from others.
It has also been observed that homosexuals are often characterized by an overprotective parent or where one of the parents is absent during the initial stages of development of the child (Meyers, 2015). This can be used to explain why in Asian nations especially those that are Muslim States, there is a lower number of people who are homosexuals. This is due to the fact that children are brought up in normal families where the mother or father is always present. In the Western Nations, the high rate of divorce coupled by social and economic pressures mean that there is a high chance that a child may be brought up without their mother or father or when the parents divorce or separate.
These theories are an important step that can be used by different societies to bring to an end to the deviant behavior of homosexuality. These theories explain the roots of the deviant behavior and how parents together with the society in general can develop more acceptances to people who are born as homosexuals or develop such sexual orientation as they grow up. They can also be used to help homosexuals to accept themselves as they are since they are human just like everyone in the society. Such acceptance can lead to improved welfare and well-being and this could go a long way to enhance their health especially mental health. Countries which have criminal laws against homosexuality can also learn from these theories through the assertion that being homosexual is not a criminal offence but a thing of sexual orientation (Cheng, Wu, & Adamczyk, 2016).
From an analysis of the deviant behavior of homosexuality that is discussed in this paper, I came to a conclusion that the Western Nations’ perspective towards the behavior is the best policy and one that should be upheld by all nations across the globe. My assertion is based on the fact that sexual orientation ought to be a personal freedom of an individual and not something that should be interfered with by the state or the society. The idea of offering people with the same rights and freedoms ought to be preserved and the criminal laws that are set up against homosexuality ought to be forgotten in the past.
In my opinion, homosexuals do not harm anyone within the society and thereby need to be allowed to do what pleases them most and not be forced to live by the guidelines that are set up by the society in general. Looking at the four pressures that surround any deviant behavior, it is clear that each ought to be involved in bringing an end to the strict homosexual policies that are in place within the countries that have made the behavior illegal. The political realm can be involved through developing policies that protect the rights and freedoms of every individual within the country.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]
These laws lead to oppression of people who languish in jails instead of living their normal lives and allowing the country to be more successful in the economic realm. The social pressures associated with homosexuality have also over time led to increased anxiety and depression across the societies. This has increased the susceptibility of individuals to suffer from mental illnesses across the various societies. In my opinion, homosexuality needs to be legalized across the world since the behavior does not harm others within the society.
Cheng, Y. A., Wu, F. F., & Adamczyk, A. (2016). Changing Attitudes Toward Homosexuality in
Taiwan, 1995–2012. Chinese Sociological Review, 48(4), 317-345.
Chitando, E., & Van Klinken, A. S. (2016). Christianity and Controversies Over Homosexuality
in Contemporary Africa. London: Routledge.
Dallas, J. (2015). When Homosexuality Hits Home. Eugene, Oregon: Harvest House Publishers.
Meyers, C. (2015). The Moral Defense of Homosexuality : Why Every Argument Against Gay
Rights Fails. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Spahiu, D. (2016). The Constructions of Attitudes about Homosexuality based on Contacts with
Gays and Lesbians. Academic Journal Of Business, Administration, Law & Social Sciences, 2(3), 142-147.
Vasey-Saunders, M. (2015). The Scandal of Evangelicals and Homosexuality : English
Evangelical Texts, 1960–2010. Farnham, Surrey: Routledge.