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Essay Writing Service Sample:Police Frisking
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 19, 2018

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On page 9, the report detailed how the study sample was constructed. How many study sites were selected? What is the one common characteristic of all the youth participated in the study?

The researchers posit that the research on stop and frisk by police involved an analysis of administrative data that is maintained by the New York Police Department. Based on this data, the researchers selected six study sites namely “Bedford-Stuyvesant and East New York (including Brownsville) in Brooklyn, Jamaica and Jackson Heights in Queens, East Harlem in Manhattan, and the South Bronx” (Fratello, Rengifo & Trone, 2013, p.9). A common characteristic of the youth who participated in this study involved having been stopped by police at least once in their lifetime. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here]

Could you summarize the attitude toward the police among youth surveyed in this study? What about their willingness to report crime?

Out of the roughly 500 young people interviewed in this study, a majority expressed resentment towards the police for being stopped and frisked. The youths noted that they had an alarmingly low trust towards the law enforcement especially due to involvement of more intensive responses other than the simple verbal interaction with the officers. In this study, 83% of the respondents felt that they had been stopped without a reason. The researchers posit that 61% of the young people also felt that the officers whom they encountered were biased. Due to the low level of trust in the law enforcement, the youths who had been stopped are less willing to report crime even in circumstances where they are the victims.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Among the four recommendations by Vera, which one do you think is the most important to rebuild the trust between the police and the youth in the most affected communities?

I think collaboration with the predominantly black and Hispanic communities in areas where more concentration of stop and frisk will have a greater impact in rebuilding trust between the youth and the police. Since a majority of the youths who showed resentment and expressed bias on the part of the police are from this these groups, partnering can help improve the relationship between officers and the public. Additionally, since the youths interviewed expressed confidence on what they can achieve, they are likely to replicate the respect and trust from exhibited by the officers. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Reference

Fratello, J., Rengifo, A. & Trone, J. (2013). Coming of Age with Stop and Frisk:   Experiences, Self

Essay Writing Sample: Spiritual Healing: Laotisian and Malaysian Cultures
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 17, 2018

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Introduction

Spiritual healing which encompasses both ancient and modern techniques has been widely used in traditional and modern societies. Specialization has brought about religious specialists who derive their income from performing religious rituals. Spiritual healers are classified as either shamans or priests and use supernatural powers or spirits to heal. In a similar way, the spiritual healers cure the sick, they also have the ability to put a spell on people. Shamanism which refers to use of various techniques by the religious specialists in healing the sick, prophesying success, as well as divining the future, is an apprentice that has been passed over to both men and women throughout history. This essay focuses on the differences and similarities in spiritual healing of Laotisisan and Malaysian cultures.

The Laotisian community in South East Asia has for decades held a strong belief and worship of spirits. Laotisians posits that the ghost spirit referred to as Phii can either be bad or good (Bielawski, 2015). This society, therefore, relies on the shamans who are called upon to appease or exterminate malicious spirits. According to Alberts (2015), the two shamans are often used in healing the sick by contacting the spirits. One of the spiritual healers plays a musical instrument instructing the evil spirit to come forth while the second shaman is present so that the spirits goes into his body after the ceremony. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

In a similar manner, the Malaysian society believes in shamans who have the power to perform traditional healing and spiritual rituals. Referred to as bomoh, they serve as an alternative for modern medicine (Bielawski, 2015). In both Loatisian and Malaysian societies, the shamans are believed to derive their powers from the supernatural entities. This power is derived through trances and dreams and enables the shaman to either cast a spell or heal.

However, the Laotisian and Malaysian shamans differ in the process of administering rituals. In Laotisian the shamans rely on musical instruments in achieving the altered state of consciousness that help them to travel the journey between the spiritual and physical worlds. On the other hand, the shamans in the Malaysian society do no rely on musical instruments, but shake and rattle as their way of communicating with the spirits (Winkelman, 2010). In Laotisian society the people are required to offer sacrifices such as chicken before the rituals can be performed. This differs with the Malaysian society where such rituals administered by the shamans have specific timing such as mornings that are common with weddings and new babies’ ceremonies.

The practices carried out by the shamans have been found to be similar in all societies. According to Stein and Stein (2015), the spiritual healers use spirits in helping “the members of their community by healing the sick, defining the future, and ensuring success in the hunt” (p. 120). The shamans use rituals to contact the supernatural entities and thus, act as the mediators between the people and the spirits. Through this process, the shamans are able to alter their states of consciousness and thus being in a position to fight the evil spirits that cause diseases (Stein and Stein, 2015, p. 121). The rituals also incorporate the use of various theatrical and dramatic techniques on the part of the shaman such as singing, dancing, drumming and elaborate costumes (p. 121). [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

On the other hand, shamanism today has changed with scholars identifying it as a technique for achieving an altered state of consciousness. Stein and Stein (2015), argue that Neoshamanism involves attaining a new reality by increasing the awareness of the energy field through body movements and breathing. Other than relying on the spirits, neoshamanism posits that human beings can be guided into achieving an altered state. Neoshamans differ from the classical shamanism through the process of realizing the new reality. For example, use of drumming that would enable the shamans to attain a state of consciousness has been replaced by a relaxed attitude that enables the neoshamans to concentrate their energy into a central path. The participants are, therefore, guided through this journey by invoking on supernatural imagery experiences such as a dark cave. In this state, the neoshamans can travel to the dark world and interact with the spirits. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Neoshamanism and classical shamanism differ in various ways, such as the role of fear or the dark side as well as the focus on the community versus focus on improving one’s life. The origins of core shamanism in Castaneda on the other hand, lack accuracy of the accounts, rendering the work to be fictional. This has, therefore, led to neoshamanism being regarded as fictional due its fraudulent spiritual leaders. Although neoshamanism achieves the goal of altering the state of consciousness, I believe it is not a legitimate form of shamanism. Neoshamanism is more of a cultural appropriation of the American culture and often misrepresent the cultures that seem to have inspired its rise. This is evident due to lack of supporting evidence in the accuracy of events as well as its spiritual leaders. Additionally, neoshamanism tends to focus on the positive and ignores the dark side of spirits. This dents its credibility of shamanism that shares a common believe of bad and good spirits.

Conclusion

Shamanism represents a way of life as well as an ancient healing tradition that is still in practice today. Shamanism lays focus on connecting the human soul to the nature through a journey of altering the state of consciousness. With the help of an intermediary, the human soul can connect with the spirit world and in the process creating healing and well-being in the society.

 

References

Alberts, T. K. (2015). Shamanism, Discourse, Modernity. Burlington, VT: Routledge.

Bielawski, D. P. (2015). Traditional healing. Salem Press Encyclopedia Of Health.

Stein, R., L. & Stein, P. (2015). Anthropology of Religion, Magic, and Witchcraft. New York,      Routledge.

Winkelman, M. (2010). Shamanism: A Biopsychosocial Paradigm of Consciousness and Healing, 2nd Edition. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger.

 

Write My Essay Sample: History and Philosophy of Interscholastic Sports
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 17, 2018

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 Introduction

Sports which involves activities that challenge both the mind and body, has many benefits to everyone. Sports impart the sense of discipline, togetherness, value of time and fitness and good health. Interscholastic sports, also referred to as interscholastic athletics, are athletic activities organized among various academic or learning institutions in the United States. This paper explores the history and philosophy of interscholastic sports and major events and organizations influencing the advancement of interscholastic sport, influence of European sport organizations, the development of community sport, and the formation of organized sport in America. It also discusses the governing bodies in the United States.

History and Philosophy of Interscholastic Sports

started in 1859 as a result of high school students forming a baseball team. At this time, interscholastic sports were overseen and organized by students. However, the administration had to come in to offer guidance and finance the events.  Due to stiff competition in the coming years, the students started hiring skilled baseball players who were not school going. These kinds of ‘game mercenaries’ characterized the sports for a long time. In early 1900s scholastic athletics had started being well established in the US. During the same time, the American demographics were shifting from agricultural to urban society. Thus, interscholastic sports were viewed as a tool that could teach good citizenship. It was also perceived as a tool with the potential of reducing urban gang affiliations and negative behaviors among the youth thus keeping them pre-occupied (Jable, 1986).  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

In 1993 Luther Gulick who was the Director of Physical Education at New York City came up with Public Schools Athletic League which was to organize completions among public schools. In 1905 Gulick and Elizabeth came up with the Girls Branch of the Public Schools Athletic League which however was not involved with competitive activities. At the end of World War I, the number of students enrolling to schools had increased. This led to an increase in the number of participants and so a growth in interscholastic athletics. At this time states were involved with organizing the various major sports; baseball, football and basketball.

Governing Bodies in the United States

The National Federation of High Schools (NFHS) was formed due to the need for regulation, governance and continuity. NFHS established standards rules for the interscholastic sports competition and provided guidance and education for the sport administrators across the whole nation. In 1976 the idea of coming up with a national organization for athletic administrators was proposed by the NFHS Athletic Directors Advisory Committee. This was later approved by the Executive Committee of the NFHS and the National Interscholastic Athletic Administrators Association (NIAA). The National Federation of State High School Associations is a body at the national level which is mandated with the responsibilities of setting up rules and regulations of competition for most high school sports and activities in the United States. Majority of the high schools both public and private belong to the State’s High School Association which belongs to the NFHS State’s High School Association Most of the high schools in America belong to the State’s High School Association. However, some states have separate associations for public and non-public high schools. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

On the other hand, The University Interscholastic League is a governing body for public schools’ athletic, music and academic completions in the United States. It is charged with the responsibility of sanctioning many events among students in various grades. For instance; competitions in grades 2-8 are limited to district level only while competitions for 9-12 grade advance in most cases from the district levels to regional then to state levels.  Grades7-8, which comprises of junior level, does not proceed beyond the district level. Students are also required to compete in individual and team activity at high school and varsity levels for only four years and be below nineteen years old.

Major events and organizations influencing the advancement of interscholastic sport

Establishment of the New York Public Schools Athletic League by Luther Gulick, in 1903 led to establishment of similar leagues in other 177 cities by 1925. This was a big boost in promoting interscholastic sports. However the organizers had to do away with some unsportsmanlike conduct for instance the use of nonstudent professionals.  The 1930s through 1950s saw interscholastic sports spread rapidly. At this time sport opportunities for females also increased. Sport opportunities for girls were also increased more by the Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and its implementation in 1975 (US News and World Report, 2011, September 2).[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

 

Conclusion

Majority of the people supporting school sport programs believe that sports contribute greatly to the overall education of students. Sports also improve the functioning and health of cardiovascular and muscular systems. With sports there is also improved flexibility, mobility, and coordination and ability to maintain body weight.

References

US News and World Report, (2011, September 2). “High School Sports Participation Increases for 22nd Straight Year”.

Jable, J.T. (2004). “Interscholastic Athletics.” Encyclopedia of Children and Adulthood in History and Society

Jable, J.T.(1986). “High School Athletics, History Justifies Extracalicular Status”. Journal of Physical Education, Dancing and Recreation.

Write My Essay Sample: Measuring Anger
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 16, 2018

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Quantifying non-Quantifiable Data: Anger

Anger is a negative, inner feeling state of the mind that is characterized by strong feelings of displeasure, annoyance and hostility. It is linked with cognitive and subjective distortions of one’s physiology, and tendencies of engaging in behavioral actions which are socially contructed and reinforced. In the study, the researcher chooses to measure anger in a university Population. The method and instrument that are used to measure the phenomenon are Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) and Anger Disorders Scale (ADS) (Voorhees et al., 2014).

The research questions are:

  1. Do the ADS highly correlate and have good convergent validity with the Aggression subscale of the PAI?
  2. Do the ADS have an internal consistency which is good?

To determine if the options of research questions and response were valid and reliable, the researcher considered the results of the study. These results showed that the ADS was a valid instrument of assessment where the  alpha coefficients that were calculated for the whole scale as well as each higher order factor score showed a  good reliability. The Positive correlations were also confirmed between the PAI Aggression subscale and the ADS subscales. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

 

Under the Anger Disorders Scale (ADS), the total scale of The Cronbach Alpha coefficient was .98 and the for the higher-order factor scales of the alpha coefficients ranged from .92 to .96. The subscales alpha coefficients ranged from.71 to .93.The PAl full scales internal consistency alphas was satisfactory. In PAI, the full scales alphas were .87, .82, and .83 for clinical, normative, and college samples respectively. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The researcher collected the data in person. This enabled the researcher to read the respondents body language as well as their facial expressions. The researcher collected data in groups. This made it possible to obtain more information in detail on attitudes, perceptions, and insights of the respondents. The research was researcher-administered and thus it was easy for question clarification, increased rate of response, questionnaire completion and greater environmental control.

 

References

Voorhees, E, E, V., Dennis, P, A., Elbogen, E, B., Clancy, C, P., Hertzberg, M, A., Beckham, J,

C & Calhoun, P, S. (2014). Personality Assessment Inventory Internalizing Externalizing Structure in Veterans with Posttraumatic and Stress Disorder: Associations with Aggression. Aggress Behav, 40(6): 582-592

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Essay Writing Service Sample: Social Work Research
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 16, 2018

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Measuring Group Success

The study made use of questionnaires that included forty-two items. Questionnaires were used following their high internal consistency as well as their ability to produce meaningful discriminations in several settings.  The subjects of the study were required to use 4- point frequency/ severity to rate the level of which they experienced in each state. The total scores on the scale ranged from no distress scaled at 0 and a maximum distress scaled at 126. The analysis involved summing up each symptom and the higher scores showing more distress. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Images – Rene Rossignaud

The study made use of a feminist empowerment model as well as strengths perspective framework in the group process. This model was adopted now that it focused on strengthening women in areas such as communication, assertiveness, self-esteem, and relationships. This approach was convenient now that it allowed the subjects of study to be able to develop tools required to reach their potential as valuable and unique individuals.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The researcher also administered the DASS posttest within a period of twelve weeks to determine emotional changes. The scale had zero as the least anxious/ stressed/depressed mark while three as the most anxious/ stressed/depressed mark. The analysis process involved summing up all symptoms scores, and the results showed a drop of about seventy-two percent and these figures were a reflection of the eight members of the subject of study who were still in the group at the last session during the posttest administration. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The subjects of the study were provided with a qualitative measurement form for evaluation to rate the satisfaction of members of the group format agency. The evaluation form consisted of closed questions as well as fill-ins.

References

Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S. M. (Eds.). (2014). Social work case studies: Foundation year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing

 

Yegidis, B. L., Weinbach, R. W., & Myers, L. L. (2012). Research methods for social workers. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Allyn & Bacon

Essay Writing Sample: Critical Thinking Assignment:
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 16, 2018

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Moneyball Case Study

The movie “Moneyball” sought to strike a delicate balance between intuition and statistics while, at the same time, challenging the traditional precedent way of scouting for talents. The sabermetrics statistics challenged the cherished orthodox methodology of operations. This results to fierce resistance from stakeholders in the major league of baseball players. To better understand this, and the challenges faced by Billy Beane while documenting how he became successful through the use of sabermetrics, the following should be addressed: who is resisting the change and why, the behaviors employed to depict the resistance, the role emotions play on both sides of the argument, the behaviors and tactics employed by Billy Beane and Peter Brand to overcome resistance to their new approach and finally the lessons learnt from the case study.

The group which resists the adaptation of sabermetrics statistic methodology at Oakland athletics is Major League baseball stakeholders. Specifically, those who resist change are the field managers because the new methodology rendered their job obsolete. The other group is the professional athlete, because it reduces their bargaining power when it comes to signing new deals. Sabermetrics is a cost cutting method focused on the past performance and the future performance of the player (Palmer, 2016, Pg. 270).  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The major league baseball player and the stakeholders resist the new system because it challenges their treasured orthodox modus operandi. Their traditional way of doing things was at stake and they did not like it at all. The major league baseball players treasure and also have deep respect for convention and precedent. Thus, they too, were opposed to the proposed change. While the new system challenges the same in two fronts, one was through questioning the efficiency of established predictors of performance such as the lean body mass, grip strength, vertical jump mean, pro-agility, peak power and 10-yd sprint. The other was through the reduction of the needs for professional opinions and judgment. This clearly shows why the top field management and the top players were greatly opposed to it. In the process, it threatened job security of field managers across the industry, most of them who were employed based on the strength and knowledge of individual characteristics and aspects of the game. Since this was no longer going to be required in the new proposed system, it is logically apparent why these two groups were greatly opposed to it. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Billy Beane and Peter Brands are faced with a hostile environment especially from field managers whose jobs were directly threatened by the number crunching Peter Brands theory. Other players also resisted the new strategy on the grounds that it affected the value of their contracts. Since the system could match performance and skill through scenario analysis. This is because the system strictly relied upon statistics and intuition. The new sabermetrics through batting averages and on-base percentage challenged the status quo rendering their jobs obsolete.

Billy was heartbroken after his divorce and the losing streaks were in desperate need of a win.  Billy also is enraged because after the losing almost uninterruptedly he lacks sufficient funds to buy good players. While on the other hand, the other stakeholders feel that their jobs have been threatened to the extent that they react out of fear rather than being rational. To some extent the two sides of the divide react out of fear of losing their jobs. The approach that Billy and peter use is to apply it to their newly selected team with the hope that it works. The new strategy works with such high success rates to an extent the investors and other team members want to adopt the new system.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

In conclusion, I have learnt that change is inevitable and that one should always seek different ways to tackle changes. Also, in moments of change, there are always opposing forces over the same proposal based purely on personal benefits. Those who feel threatened by the proposed change obviously resist it whereas to the proposers and those who feel favored always support the move.  Thus, moments like this calls for conflict resolution techniques to avoid the deadlock. In most instances, force always wins.  In the event of change directly affecting athletes or any industry one must be ready to become the early adopters or else if they lag behind they might suffer tremendous losses. It is obvious, had the MLB never have implemented the new system and given in to the politics of the field managers and top players, they would have never have won, or rather improved greatly, as evidenced by their latest postings. The MLB stakeholders ought to have realized that the new efficient methods of oppression was by use of sabermetrics.

References

Palmer, Ian (2016). Managing Organizational Change: A Multiple Perspectives Approach. New

York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Kindle Edition.

Write My Essay Sample: Study Two Literature Review
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 16, 2018

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Color psychology offers a study that readily explores human behavior, fears, and aspirations. The study beforehand articulates that color has the capacity to influence perception with very significant psychological ramifications attached (Elliot & Aarts, 2011). The literature herein reveals that color can greatly influence individuals’ perceptions, behavior, and performances at various situations. In the analysis provided, it is prudent to say that color can easily affect the way in which individuals function. Researchers have detailed the possibility of color to impact the performance in tests and individuals with weaker taste on red color, particularly, may perform dismally, when the instructions are printed in red color.

Studies have affirmed that whenever test takers are served with red-colored instructions, chances are that their test scores will be greatly affected. The researcher reviewed literature on experimental psychology and found that the effect of color red on academic work affects performance. The study offers that color associations are deeply embedded that individuals become predisposed to particular reactions at the sight of color red. Building on this finding, Elliot, Maier, Binser, Friedman, and Pekrun (2009) analysis explore that a mere flash of red color before undertaking a test is enough to make examinees to mistake the paper for being too abstract, hence higher chances of failing in such paper. In reaction to the red color, students tend to build a psychological defense against such papers, thus making them to perform poorly on test scores. In the tests administered to the examinees, for instance, the participants were treated to a choice of questions to which they responded. Predictably, the majority of the respondents chose to attend to the seemingly easiest question. This shows how individuals would always want to avoid failure by any means. Thus, it is conceivable that color conveys different meanings to different people in different contexts or situations. Invariably, if the context or situation changes, chances are that the implications equally changes. Traditionally, many people tend to associate color red with marking mistakes or errors on class work. Thus, it is appropriate to contend that color might have aesthetic merit, but can equally carry coded messages and convey explicit information. The study’s view on avoidance motivation forms part of this assumption. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

In a study aimed at establishing the Intelligent Quotient (IQ) of individuals, four experiments proved that a transitory illusion of color red prior to an exam easily impairs performance and negates test scores (Feltman & Elliot, 2011). Two other studies demonstrated that the link between avoidance motivation and color red are too obvious, especially, when tasked with a challenging phenomenon. Where the psychophysiological measures and choice are applied, the individuals with weaker taste on color red stand a diminishing chance. Such a study springs from the concept that a team that puts on red uniform is has higher probability of winning a competition due to the fear factor it injects on the opponent. Researchers have attempted to address this phenomenon and examined the motives behind this occurrence. In their analysis, Feltman and Elliot (2011) found that putting on a red color makes individuals to have a feeling of higher dominance levels. This acts as a way of scaring off the opponent who easily perceive such a team as highly sophisticated. Overall, seeing the opponent team in color red has an intimidating effect on a team that dons other softer colors. Intimately, color red has a refined but clear effect upon the people who are partaking of any competitions.

Marketers have used color in a range of market segments to attract consumer attention to influence buying behavior. According to Maier, Elliot, and Lichtenfeld, S. (2008) color appeal to consumers in identifying their preferred brands and product alternatives. Consumers who are seeking variety will always get attracted to certain types of colors when deciding on new brands. Usually, the color red-packaging receives more buyer attention than other colors deemed as dull, the packaging factor greatly influence he buyer behavior and consumerism. Tanaka and Tokuno (2011) study looked at the visual cues aimed at analyzing the purchasing behavior for certain types of brands. Participants were shown the same product in four different colors and brands. Their findings demonstrate that individuals selected packages as per the colors, which attract their involuntary and voluntary attention. Elliot, at al (2009) notes that, based on these findings, it is possible to infer that color choices based on packages influence the buying behavior. Usually, new companies prefer diverse color codes to bring attention to their brand. However, traditional companies might consider using their trade-mark colors to entrench their market presence. Whereas a company is altering its look or appearance of a product, it may consider maintaining the same color codes, as consumers use color in identifying and searching for their favorite brands in stores. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

From the above analysis, it is conceivable that attention is subconsciously captured before individuals can consciously attend to an idea. Color, therefore, plays a significant role in in harnessing the perception of individuals to make them spring into action. Similarly, a research seeking to establish the reason behind color preference found out that brain activation plays a pivotal role when certain types of color is present (Feltman & Elliot, 2011). Expressly, when individuals are presented by various colors, they tend to focus on their favorite colors, or that which stands out among the rest, before purposefully turning their attention to the message entailed in the colors. The implication created by this analogy is that objects can capture the attention of individuals based on color, thus usurping their consciousness to have a keen look at an object. The literature findings demonstrate that due care must be taken in contextualizing color to achieve certain ends. In their analysis, Feltman and Elliot (2011) did not just use any color to justify their claims. They evaluated the colors based on guidelines that depict saturation, hue, and glare to document their findings precisely. The majority of the studies found in the literature explore that color psychology has greater impact on individuals’ behavior, perception, and performances at various situations.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The hypothesis of this article is based on the notion that color has the capacity to evoke motivation, excite perception, and have an impact on individuals without necessarily being conscious of it and its effects. Such a general assumption leads individuals to perform dismally without their consent and negatively impact academic performance. From interfering with the cognitive skills to its ability to excite the physical and motor factors, it is prudent to infer that color red can have a robust impact on individuals. Largely, it must not be lost that colors have significant psychological effects, which readily shape the perceptions, behavior, and performances of individuals.

 

References

Elliot, A. J., & Aarts, H. (2011). Perception of the color red enhances the force and velocity of     motor output. Emotion11(2), 445.

 

Elliot, A. J., Maier, M. A., Binser, M. J., Friedman, R., & Pekrun, R. (2009). The effect of red on avoidance behavior in achievement contexts. Personality and Social PsychologyBulletin35(3), 365-375.

 

Feltman, R., & Elliot, A. J. (2011). The influence of red on perceptions of relative dominance and threat in a competitive context. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology33(2), 308-314.

 

Maier, M. A., Elliot, A. J., & Lichtenfeld, S. (2008). Mediation of the negative effect of red on intellectual performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

 

Tanaka, A., & Tokuno, Y. (2011). The effect of the color red on avoidance motivation. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal39(2), 287-289.

 

 

Essay Writing Service Sample: The Abrahamic and Mosaic Covenants
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 14, 2018

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Covenants refer to sacred agreements made between two or more parties. These agreements are marked with symbols and commitment from all of the parties involved. The Bible addresses several covenants between God and the Christian community. Abraham and Moses are key figures in the Bible, and they had a special relationship with God. This special relationship saw them have a covenant with God. There are many details covered in the Abrahamic and Mosaic Covenants that makes them relate to each other.

The Abrahamic Covenant

            The Abrahamic covenant, also known as the Brit bein HaBetarim, involved two parties; God and Abraham. In this covenant, Abraham received promises from God on his present and future circumstances. It would be important to note that the Abrahamic covenant was unconditional. Whereas God committed himself to Abraham’s future, nothing was required of Abraham (Essex 191). An unconditional covenant occurs when the recipient of the promises is not required to extend similar commitments to enjoy the benefits of the promises. Consequently, only God passed over the halves of the animals that were used as symbols of commitment in the covenant. The presence of God was marked by the descriptions of the flaming torch and smoking furnace (Essex 196). By passing over the halves of the animals, God solely bound himself to the covenant without demands from Abraham. The covenant agreement was symbolized through the circumcision of Abraham (Glodo n.p.). The rite of circumcision was to be passed on to all the descendants of Abraham. The act of circumcision was vital as it marked the covenant between God and Abraham as passed to his descendants.

Star of David Silhouette      The Abrahamic covenant entailed several promises. Firstly, in the covenant, God promised Abraham land after calling him from Ur with a promise of a land where he was headed. A large tract of land was promised to Abraham, and it would be in this land that his descendants would live. This Promised Land was described as productive and would maintain that status for both Abraham and his descendants (Essex 195). Alternatively, God promised Abraham a large descendant heritage. God prevailed that he would create a great nation out of Abraham. The covenant was made at a time when Abraham was deemed to be beyond the childbearing age. Abraham was 75 years old at the time, and God agreed to let him have a child. Lastly, God promised Abraham abundant blessings as he stated that he would bless all his descendants through him. Abraham’s lineage would be extended abundant resources and relentless forgiveness for all the sins they committed. The future Israelite successes are linked to this covenant, and that demonstrates its importance.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The Mosaic Covenant

The Mosaic Covenant is also known as the Sinai Covenant, and it marked a binding agreement between God and Moses. Moses represented the Israelites in this covenant. The Mosaic covenant was conditional and demanded commitment from both the parties involved. God committed to the Israelites and required that Moses show commitment as well (Barrick 224). The covenant was centered on the need for legal, regulatory frameworks, which would guide the relationship between God and the people of Israel. The covenant was made on Mount Sinai. This covenant was symbolic, as it bound the Israelites to the laws provided in the Ten Commandments. On the other hand, God also bound himself to many promises made to the Israelites. According to God, the Ten Commandments marked the beginning of a new relationship between Him and the Israelites.

Based on this covenant, God was meant to fulfill several promises, provided the Israelites obeyed the commandments. Some of these promises included making the Israelites his prized possession (Barrick 213). By making the Israelites his favorite nation, He was to extend them more favors than others in the world. In addition to this, he was to make Israel a kingdom of royal priests. That meant that Israel was supposed to be a symbol of His power and grace in the world. It was expected that with God’s intervention, all other kingdoms would recognize His power when people were obedient.

In addition, God also committed to helping Israel defeat all its enemies. He would always rescue the Israelites from the persons that sought to harm its stability and instead empower His nation to overcome the adversaries. Other than this, He promised that he would be merciful, gracious, and forgiving with the Israelites (Barrick 220). All this was based on the assumption that the Israelites would abide by the Ten Commandments. Also, this covenant was meant to show God’s divine power and spread knowledge of the same to people who were not privy to this information. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The Interrelationship between the Abrahamic and Mosaic covenants

Many covenants found in the Bible are interrelated in different ways. Likewise, the Abrahamic and Mosaic covenants are interrelated in different ways. The Mosaic covenant is considered to be an extension of the Abrahamic covenant. In the Mosaic Covenant, God makes the decision that he would wipe out the Israelites if they ever decided to go against His will. However, he still felt the need to spare some of the families he felt had remained loyal throughout the years. This concurs with the promise he made in the Abrahamic Covenant.

The Mosaic Covenant is based on the Ten Commandments, which are based on the need of people to obey God. The Israelites were required to follow the laws if they were to ever reach the Promised Land. This came after they had been rescued from the slavery in Egypt (Barrick 215). It would be vital to note that the promise of land in the Mosaic Covenant was an extension of the Abrahamic Covenant. Therefore, this becomes an extension of the blessings to be delivered by God after having made the promise to Abraham. In addition, Abraham and Moses played similar roles in the intervention with God and the Israelites. They represented the Israelites and often communicated between the two parties. This means that the roles played by both persons in the Covenants were widely related. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Conclusion

The Abrahamic and Mosaic Covenants are some of the most important agreements between God and the Israelites in the Bible. Even though they took place in different periods, they were widely related. Moses and Abraham played similar roles, and the only difference was that Moses was to continue the work initially left by Abraham. Therefore, the use of these covenants guaranteed effective communication between God and His people.

Works Cited

Barrick, William D. “The Mosaic Covenant.” TMSJ 10.2 (1999): 213-232. Document. 17 October 2016.

Essex, Keith H. “The Abrahamic Covenant.” TMSJ 10.2 (1999): 191-212. Document. 17 October 2016.

Glodo, Michael. “Covenant Sign and Seal: The Symbolic Significance of Circumcision, and Its Application to the New Testament Believer: Part 1 of 2.” IIIM Magazine Online 3.20 (2001). Document. 17 October 2016.

Write My Essay Sample: Sunpreet
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 14, 2018

Sample by My Essay Writer

This essay presents a critical and comparative response to two of the readings that have been covered in the seminar 4. The two are Erich Maria Remarque’s All Quiet on the Western Front and Ernst Jünger’s Storm of Steel. The concepts are presented in a manner that is specific, and examples from the texts are used where appropriate. The essay highlights how the differing accounts of Jünger and Remarque help to shed light on some of the major themes that have been looked at this term. It also shows how Jünger and Remarque appear to see the war and the trench experience differently, as well as how the two authors differ in their perception of the purposes of the war. Additionally, effect that the two authors believe the war has had on those who fought it is presented, along with what can be learnt about the role of the individual and the role of the peer group in war. The role of technology is also discussed and what might account for the stark differences in opinion between the two authors is shown.

Ernst Jünger’s Storm of Steel

Junger introduces his book without describing himself or how he lived before the outbreak of the war. This is different from most memoirs since they usually give a brief introduction and background of the author such as their childhood and how they participated in the war. However, Junger chooses to start his book with the sentence, “The train stopped at Bazancourt, a small town in Champagne, and we got out”. This style is crucial because it already signals that Junger has eliminated any possible trace of social or political agendas that are normally found in most memoirs. The beginning also introduces the first steps he made in the war (Jünger, 1929). This also creates the impression that the memoir is based on the conditions of life during the war. Additionally, Junger proceeds to describe the initial experience and contribution of new soldiers. At this stage, the reader understands that the new soldiers were enthusiastic and contributed to the war by fighting, with some of them been ready to die for their country. However, it was ironical how most of them were cowards who could easily be threatened by any loud noise around them.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Junger also narrates that he was sent to undertake a course, forcing him to miss participation in the battle of Perthes. He became envious of the soldiers who had the chance to participate in the battle. He also grew curiosity on the unfolding of events during the war. As such, he would like the battle to be compared to any cases of artillery bombardments that would arise during their camp. This is an illustration of the dedication of the soldiers (Jünger, 1929). They also traversed across different tranches and cities as they sought to keep up with the various available front lines after they had been defeated by the French. At some point, Junger sustained a sharp wound that was caused by shrapnel. As a result, he was sent home so that he could resume duties once he had fully recovered. During his time to recover, he enrolled in an officer’s course in which he became an ensign. In this case, Junger pauses the action of the war so as to describe the experiences in the daily life of the soldiers in the trenches (Jünger, 1929). He claims that most of their duties included guard duty, lay out, and operation of the trench system. Evidently, he claims that soldiers had light duties at the trenches, and that their welfare was addressed.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Junger also attended another trainining school I April 1916, after which he was sent to a place that was later referred to as the Battle of Somme. He was tasked with the preparation of a defense against attacks that would be launched by the British (Jünger, 1929). Much of the context of the book focuses on this battle. It was during this battle that Junger sustained injuries and missed to participate in the final large British assault that successfully captured the town of Guillemont and led to the death of most of its residents. Again, this shows that the youth actively participated in the war as soldiers who would launch attacks or stage defense against attacks. His military career ended when he was shot in the chest during his participation in the battles of Arras and Ypres in which he lead the group that was known as Storm Troopers. In this incident, he shows that the tasks would sometimes become dangerous for the military to participate.

Junger also highlights some of the perspectives that the civilians had on the war. An example is the incident in which Junger and his fellow solder had gone for a haircut in one of the local barber shops in the countryside in France. At that time, a local used French to incite the barber to cut the throats of Junger and that of his soldier, without knowing that Junger was fluent in French (Jünger, 1929). To the amazement of the local, Junger responded in French that it was the local who was just about to have his throat slit and that of Junger and his fellow officer spared. This humorous story is used to illustrate the nature of relationship that existed between the Germans and the natives. It is also a show of the perspective that Junger had on the war; he believes that it was less brutal as the Germans and the French had a cordial relationship. This also shows that the Germans aimed at developing good relations with the residents even when they moved to a new village (Jünger, 1929). Junger also claims that the soldiers were tasked with interacting with the locals so that they could identify and implement various ways that would promote the economic growth of the community. It is this interaction that enabled the Germans to learn French such that they could speak it fluently.

However, there are several criticisms of Junger’s work. For instance, he fails to illustrate and explain the political and social emotions to the war in his memoir. However, this is a form of literary style that Junger uses by leaving out such details (Jünger, 1929). He does this so as to ensure that he presents a satisfactory narrative on the life and experiences of soldiers during the war. He also shows less concern on any form of politics related to the war. However, despite the fact that the accounts seem emotionless, the reader can see various forms of emotions within the memoir. Junger does not react when he witnesses the death of his comrade. This could be interpreted in two ways. First, he was so hurt that he could not express his bitterness. Second, he could have accepted that death is common among soldiers and that his was also not too far from that time. As such, this contributes to the development of the common theme of comradeship among soldiers. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Erich Maria Remarque’s All Quiet on the Western Front

Remarque presents another different approach to the war. He achieves the uniqueness of his narrative through the style that he uses. It could be described as edgy, direct, and reserved because of the manner in which it uses lots of words that are small, as well small phrases. Much of the narration of the story is done in first-person. After the death of Paul, Remarque adopts third-person (Remarque & Robinson, 1999). This is crucial because it enables the reader to identify with a single eyewitness account. This witness is based on the experience that he faced during his position at the western front. Paul is depicted as characterized by immaturity and bewilderment at times. He also engages in the war as a teenager filled with enthusiasm. He is also not prepared for the total obliteration of his comrades, the militaristic aims of his country, his ideals, and his fragile life to hold on. At this point, it is evident that people were expected to serve in the military even under the age of 18 (Remarque & Robinson, 1999). As such, they found the environment challenging since they were not mature enough to live to the expectations.

The painters of the later nineteenth century also claimed that Remarque uses various dramatic and fragmented moments in the life of Paul to enlighten and mould them into a whole that is impressionistic and stark. The most theatrical of the moments used by Remarque in this book include Kemmerich’s dying words, Paul’s first furlough, and the bombardment of the cemetery. Other similar moments include the pathos of hungry prisoners, Gérard Duval’s death, and Paul’s attempt to save Kat.

These scenes play a crucial role in giving the reader a sense of immediacy. It makes one to feel as if they were also honed bayonets and huddled in the trenches. It also shows that the experiences of the soldiers at the trenches were characterized by chaos, unlike the opinions of Junger in the previous case (Remarque & Robinson, 1999). The novel also uses the approach referred to as gestalt as it converges to a bleak pattern that shows that the war was also characterized by cases of loss of personhood because of the continued pounding of planes, artillery, as well as the Allied assault that the soldiers experienced.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Remarque also shows that there was the spirit of comradeship in the camp, just like in the case of Junger. He illustrates this by indicating that there was male bonding among the soldiers. He also shows the brute nature of the war by claiming that some of such incidents were due to blind chance, something that the human beings could not control. This is to show that Remarque has an opposing opinion to what Junger had (Remarque & Robinson, 1999). According to Junger, there were few cases of deaths of soldiers. He also claims that the environment was conducive for the soldiers. On the other hand, Remarque claims that there were numerous cases of deaths and harsh living conditions of soldiers at the trenches.

Remarque also uses his intelligence to show that soldiers at the trenches could no longer be considered as noble warriors. On the contrary, it should that cases of decimation were common among the ordinary foot soldiers. Remarque also presents an uncanny gasp of mental breakdown that suggests that there was a personal involvement with the character. He also signals the time that he needed exorcism from the various terror of war (Remarque & Robinson, 1999). He claims that he continued suffering even ten years after he had stopped serving in the military. In this simple context, Remarque makes the claim that there were various after-effects of participating in the war. Unlike in the case of Junger where the residents were friendly and welcoming, soldiers in the context of Remarque faced hostility and some of them ended up sustaining long-term side effects. He also narrates the story of one of the German soldiers, Paul Bäumer. He portrays warfare as a case of hypocrisy and grimness, as well as waste and despair. He also tells of the roles that he played during the Great War. This is a general overview of the role that the youth played during the war.

He claims that soldiers loved their country and were driven by patriotism. As such, they had the courage to participate in any action in which they were required. However, he claims that they had developed the ability to different truths from lies. They also anticipated death at any time. They had learned this at a time that they had been deserted (Remarque & Robinson, 1999). In this way, Remarque’s claims conform to those of Junger in two ways. First, soldiers were driven by their love for the country and most of them were ready to die for their countries. Additionally, this contributes to the development of the theme of comradeship among the soldiers, as well as patriotism as suggested earlier.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

It is also worth noting that Remarque uses a different style of writing and approach from that of Junger. In the case of Remarque, only one enemy soldier is dramatized by name and personality. He also claims that enemy fire should have been dealt with in a serious manner as if it were a demonic machine (Remarque & Robinson, 1999). It had causes deaths and anguish to a number of soldiers in the camp. He claims that the heinous killing machines were used to kill soldiers who had been crying for help.  In this case, both Junger and Remarque acknowledge the fact that modern technology contributed to the number of deaths during the war. Their enemies had sophisticated machines that they used.

This essay presents a critical review and comparison between the two courses done in seminar 4. As shown, Junger and Remarque have different opinions on the experiences that the soldiers faced during the war. According to Junger, the natives were friendly and welcoming. As a result, they taught Junger and his fellow soldiers fluent French. On the other hand, Remarque claims that the trenches were terrible places to stay as various soldiers were killed. Both narrators also show that technology was applied in the form of deadly weapons. They also show that the role of the youth in such wars was to engage with the enemies or provide defense in the event of attacks. As such, there is a high level of similarity between the two cases. The difference that exists depends on the individual perspective of each of the authors.

References

Jünger, E. (1929). The storm of steel: From the diary of a German storm-troop officer on the Western front, trans. Basil Creighton (London: Chatto & Windus).

 

Remarque, E. M., & Robinson, G. (1999). All Quiet on the Western Front (pp. 291-291). Queensland Tape Service for the Handicapped..

 

Essay Writing Sample: Organizational Culture: Google
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 14, 2018

Sample by My Essay Writer

 

In your opinion, what are the major advantages/benefits for Google arising out of its culture? Please describe the reason for each advantage/benefit in detail instead of simply listing them.

The major benefits for Google arising out of its culture are high performance, minimization of wastage and getting the best talent to work for the company. The various perks, maintenance of quantitative and qualitative data, gym memberships among other are meant to maintain employee happiness and in turn this ensures high productivity by the employees (Coleman, 2016). Google does that because the entire company is shaped by the creativity and productivity of the workforce.

The hiring culture by Google is unique because it values creativity above experience. The hiring process involves questions that are meant to filter out the thoughtful candidates instead of relying on experience. The last major benefit is the minimization of wastage (Bulygo, 2013). For example, even though there are many snack and food breaks, they are meant to be short so that time is not wasted, and long enough so that employees get to meet and interact with new people.

In your opinion, which aspects/routines/components of Google’s culture may NOT apply to, or may NOT be replicated at other organizations? Please explain in detail why one or more aspects of Google’s culture may not apply to other organizations. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

There is one aspect of Google’s culture that is not applicable to many other organizations- the hiring process. The hiring process for Google is supposed to attract extraordinary people, often people who “think outside the box.” However, this attribute cannot be replicated in many firms because many need experienced personnel because their work often demands experience (Schein, 2004).[Click Essay Writer to order your essay] For example, a sales company is much more likely to hire a candidate who already has a track record of sales going back a few years because the already know the rope of the industry and means of attracting and maintaining clients.

For Google Company, the aim is to get someone who is innovative and creative in order to come up with something new every day and possible a new way of doing something every now and then. This works well for a company in the technology industry that if fast moving. However, for a company that sells detergents for example, it needs not invent a new detergent for decades. Hence, instead of looking for innovation, it would be looking for a sales track record so that it can continue with the same sales strategy that it has been using for years. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

References

Bulygo, Z. (2013, Feb 11). Inside Google’s Culture of Success and Employee Happiness. Retrieved October 26, 2016, from Kissmetrics

 

Coleman, A. (2016, February 11). Is Google’s model of the creative workplace the future of the office? The Guardian .

 

Schein, E. H. (2004). Organizational culture and leadership. San Francisco, Calif: Jossey-Bass.

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