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Write My Essay Sample: Renaissance in Italy
Posted by: Write My Essay on: June 20, 2019

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Renaissance in Italy

The Renaissance is one of the major historical periods in European history. It refers to a time of hastened cultural, intellectual, and scientific changes that marked the transition between the ancient medieval world and the modern enlightened world (Lockard, 2014). During the great Renaissance, achievements were made in the fields of education, arts, literature, philosophy, and exploration. Italy occupies a central place in the Renaissance history. The Renaissance started in Italy, with religious influence and the strategic positioning of Italy being the main contributing factors.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

There are several reasons why the Renaissance is believed to have started in Italy and spread across Europe. One of these reasons was the influence of the church. According to Malanima (2008), the high concentration of wealth, intellect, and power in the church are the best reasons why the Renaissance began in Italy. In the early 15th century when the Renaissance began, the Catholic Church controlled much of the economic, political, and intellectual activities in continental Europe as well as Britain.

At that time, the Catholic Church gathered the wealthiest merchants, artists, scholars, and politicians from across Europe and brought them to Rome where the church was headquartered (Lockard, 2014). With this much control, the Catholic Church had the power to patronize the politics and arts of Italy at any time. The church was very instrumental in supporting the rebirth of the Greek and Roman thinking styles. These techniques, in the view of the church, were Mediterranean culture just like the church itself (Lockard, 2014).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

In the 16th century when Renaissance is considered to have been at its peak in Italy, the church further contributed to its spread, but in a negative way. The church was losing its influence due to divisions within its top leaders. Also, the previous decade of change due to Renaissance was loosening the tight grip of political affairs the church had boasted in the previous century (Lockhard, 2014). As such, it encouraged the rise of secularism and free thought. Scholars, artists, and merchants were free to question dogma and think independently, which facilitated the Renaissance in Italy.

Another reason that greatly favored Italy as the starting point of the Renaissance is its prime location. Italy was strategically placed on the Mediterranean Sea, and its city-states including Tuscany were prime centers for commerce and trade (Malanima, 2008). Italy had numerous ports including Venice that were entry points for both goods and artistic ideas.

Additionally, the Renaissance started in Italy due to Italy’s high concentration of intellectuals. Italy had been a core administrative center in the former Roman Empire and was well established regarding academics (Sider, 2005). When the Byzantine Empire collapsed, many of the Constantinople intellectuals moved to Italy. They brought with them the great ancient Roman and Greek works which would otherwise have been lost to the West. Before then, intellectuals did not have an accurate view and clear understanding of the doctrines of humanism which were driving forces for the Renaissance (Sider, 2005). It thus fast-tracked the cultural change.

The leadership vacuum that occurred when the Roman Empire lost power in Italy also triggered the Italian Renaissance (Bartlett, 2005). Wealthy families from different regions in the North took over leadership of various regions after the Roman Empire lost control. The city of Naples, on the other hand, controlled much of the South (Bartlett, 2005). When these wealthy merchant families took over leadership, they revised existing laws, breaking down the rigid command structure that had been established by the Roman Empire. Laws regarding banking, shipping, trade, and commerce were the first targets by these merchant families. The free environment that these amendments created facilitated the cultural transformation that characterized the Renaissance (Bartlett, 2005).

The other factor that triggered the Renaissance in Italy was increased exploration of the world and improved trade. Exploration of the world brought new ideas, cultures, thoughts, and activities into Italy. Christopher Columbus, for example, discovered America during this period (Lockard, 2014). These explorations led to the discovery of ancient texts, philosophy, literature, and music which were brought to Italy. Increased trade activities brought new wealth into cities, consequently creating an opportunity for businesspeople to move away from business and explore art (Lockard, 2014). These two factors triggered a cultural change in Italy.

Why the Renaissance Is Referred to as the Early Modern Period

The Italian Renaissance is at times referred to as the early modern period because it coincided with the transition between the cultural changes from the medieval scholastic thought that formed the foundation for modernity (Sider, 2005). The cultural, scholarly, and artistic changes occurring in Greece signified the beginning of the modern era. Technologies such as the printing press which is still in use today were developed during this period (Sider, 2005).

In conclusion, the Renaissance traces its roots back to Italy in the city of Florence. Influence of the church was the greatest factor that influenced the Renaissance in Europe. The prime location of Italy coupled with a large concentration of intellects, merchants, and artists also contributed significantly to the Renaissance.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

 

References

Bartlett, K. R. (2005). The Italian Renaissance: Part I. Personal Collection of K. Bartlett, University of Toronto, Toronto, OT.

Lockard, C. (2014). Societies, networks, and transitions: A global history (3rd ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.

Malanima, P. (2008, May 10-12). The Italian Renaissance economy (1250-1600). In Europe in the late Middle Ages: Patterns of economic growth and crisis (pp. 1-25). Villa La Pietra: Paolo Malanima.

Sider, S. (2005). Handbook to life in Renaissance Europe. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Write My Essay Sample: Down’s Syndrome
Posted by: Write My Essay on: June 18, 2019

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Down’s Syndrome Genes and Its Inheritance

Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of an additional copy of the chromosome 21 in the cells. The parents of individuals are usually genetically normal and the extra chromosome occurs randomly. Researchers have put effort in understanding the disorder and the conditions leading to its manifestation to well manage and possibly treat the disorder.

Asim A., Kumar A., Muthuswamy S., Jain S., & Agarwal S., (2015) Down syndrome: an insight of the disease.  Journal of Biomedical Sciences 22:41

Asim, Kumar, Muthuswamy, Jain, and Agarwal discuss the overview of Down syndrome, its phenotypic diagnosis, and management of the disorder. They also discuss its association with other diseases that manifest alongside DS and various prenatal diagnosis methods. Asim et al. identified Robertsonian translocations and isochromosomes (separation of two long arms) as other causes of the syndrome apart from the presence of an additional chromosome 21 in infants. The abnormal chromosomal numbers result in overexpression of genes based on the gene-dosage-imbalance theory. Other theories related to the disorder include the amplified developmental instability hypothesis, which is similar to the gene-dosage-imbalance theory, and critical region hypothesis that identifies the Down syndrome critical regions as responsible for the phenotypic manifestation of the disorder. Diagnostic methods discussed include karyotyping and rapid aneuploidy testing methods for diagnosis prenatal samples. The team makes recommendations for management of the disease emphasizing on an organized multidisciplinary approach where multiple specialists work together to monitor and manage the patients.

Letourneau A., et al. (2014) Domains of genome-wide gene expression dysregulation in Down’s syndrome. Nature 508, 345-350

Letourneau et al. studied the transcriptome (all messenger RNA molecules) of fetal fibroblasts from maternal twins to assess the extent of gene expression in Down’s syndrome. The group showed the difference in expression in the domains as either up-regulated (excess) or down-regulated (insufficient) which were preserved in the stem cell line from the twins’ fibroblast. These gene expression dysregulation domains (GEDDs) associate with lamina-associated domains (LADs) and replications domains but only the GEDs underwent modification similar to that of the H3K4me3 profile the affected fibroblasts. The results show that the chromatin environment in the nucleus is subject to change affecting the messenger RNA, which are responsible for cell activities, and thus GEDs affect some of the disorder phenotypes.

Kirsammer G. & Crispino D. J. (2016). Signaling a link between interferon and the traits of Down syndrome. eLife insight 1-3

Kirsammer and Crispino claim that Down’s syndrome is among the most complex genetic disorders that affect humans. It occurs averagely in 1 out of 700 infants in North America and Alexander et al. suggest that it presents with heart defects, Alzheimer’s disease, receptiveness to leukemia, intellectual disability, and a reduced possibility of developing additional tumors. Down’s is the result of the presence of an additional copy of chromosome 21 in several or all cells. Sullivan et al., through the sequencing RNA from human fibroblast tissue taken from individuals who have Down’s, demonstrate that the cells have 50 percent more genetic product of chromosome 21 than normal tissue. In addition, they revealed that the pattern of gene expression was consistent in affected cells associating with interferon-stimulation for a transcriptional response. From their study, Sullivan was able to demonstrate that affected cells active interferon pathways, the gene that becomes active is specific to cell types allowing them to determine that the traits of the syndrome are a result of the additional chromosome. The study allowed the team to provide useful data regarding the contribution of interferons in the manifestation of clinical characteristics of Down’s and how targeting these interferons can develop treatment solutions.

Jiang J et al. (2013) Translating dosage compensation to trisomy 21. Nature 500, 296-300

Jiang and her colleges, using the concept of Barr bodies found in female cells, attempted to inactivate the additional chromosome 21 in stem cells and succeeded. Through gene splicing and editing, they inserted an inducible transgene, XIST (the X-inactivation gene), on the arm of the additional chromosome. The transgene resulted in the stable modification, transcription, and DNA methylization to form a ‘chromosome 21 Barr body’. In addition, they were able to control the expression of individual genes including chromosome 21 by inserting a genetic switch that they manipulated using doxycycline. The study is a step in identifying the cellular processes necessary for auto correction of the disorder and development of target-specific treatments for the disorder.

Rezayat A. A., Nazarabadi M.H., Arabili M. H., Shokri M, Mirzae S, et al. (2013) Down Syndrome and Consanguinity. Journal of Research Medical Sciences. 995-997

Rezayat AA et al. conducted a study to investigate the frequency of maternal kinship and age and its correlation with Down syndrome as a previous study suggested there is no association of Down syndrome with consanguinity. The study of amniotic fluid of a pregnant woman has been the primary criteria for prenatal identification of chromosomal defects, but other diagnosis methods were introduced leading to the emergence of screening markers. There were 38 patients involved in the study and parental details and familial relationships recorded resulting in two groups: Consanguine and non-consanguine marriages. The study revealed a range of chromosomal defects such as trisomy and double aneuploidy among others. The consanguine marriage group demonstrated complete trisomy status while the non-consanguine marriage group had 88.9 percent. The use of Fisher’s Exact test showed that the chromosomal status of the subject was not dependent on consanguine marriage as well as the age of the mother.

 

Essay Writing Service Sample: The Medieval Period
Posted by: Write My Essay on: June 17, 2019

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King Charlemagne had a very huge impact on the early medieval period. Today he is referred to by many as the father of Europe. Charlemagne ruled a huge chunk of western Europe between the years 769 to 814 AD. Williams (2010), argues that through encouraging education, arts and culture, he turned on the light of Europe that would shine for thousands of years after his rule. He went on to be the first Holy Roman Emperor due to his outstanding leadership skills.

During the 5th century, the Roman Empire disintegrated, the eastern half of the former empire, flourished while the western side broke up into many kingdoms without any central authority. After becoming one of the rulers of the many kingdoms he immediately set his eyes on expanding his territory in which he was able to conquer almost all of the Europe. He ensured his kingdom remained united by instituting major reforms and ensuring that all of Europe had a common identity. He abolished the gold standard and replaced it with the silver currency. This helped boost commerce as trade became easier. He also took away powers from the nobles and ensured peasants had the same rights as the nobles. He was also a staunch believer of education and he encouraged schooling throughout his kingdom (Williams, 2010). By doing so he was able to unite Europe and boost trade. He also helped spread Christianity. Under his role as emperor, he encouraged the Carolingian Renaissance and was the driving force for the Carolingian miniscule.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

After the fall of the roman empire, there were many changes that took place and these changes influenced architecture in the middle ages. The rise of Christianity and the frequent wars helped architecture evolve. Since Christianity experienced tremendous growth during these times, Christians built very big churches whose design consisted transepts, alters and a nave. This architectural design was known as basilica. Kings and lords during this time also built large castles which were fortified by a wall for protection. Architecture under the middle ages can be categorized into pre-Romanesque, Romanesque and Gothic architecture (Harvey, 1971). [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

According to Harvey (1971), Romanesque architecture was highly influenced by Roman architecture and was prevalent during the years 800-1100 AD. It was characterized by vaults and round arches and the building stones were usually cut to precision. Years later the Romanesque architecture would lose its appeal and would give way to the gothic architecture. This type of architecture was prevalent during the years 1200-1500 AD. The structures were lighter, had proper light and were airy and spacious. The buildings had large windows and doors and used flying buttress. The buildings were also taller and they were highly decorated using gargoyles (Harvey, 1971).

Christianity and visual art helped shape the architectural designs of the medieval ages. Stained glass art, carvings on columns and buildings, domed ceilings and large murals are some of the architectural details influenced by Christianity and visual art (Onians, 1988). Very few people could read and write in the middle ages. The urban population would read and listen for entertainment purposes as well as for education. The books told of love stories, adventures, ancient battles and noble men and women. The appetite to read and the availability of books improved the literacy levels especially among the nobles. Music was part of the spiritual and secular cultures. During this time people developed ways to write down music.

The 1300 century saw a series of famines, plagues among other calamities that reduced the population by almost half. Endemic warfare, peasant uprising coupled with the lack of unity in the catholic church were the highlights of the late medieval ages (Onians, 1988). The invention of printing, the fall of the Constantinople in 1453 and the rise of the Ottoman Empire are some of the developments that lead to the Renaissance period.  [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Illuminated manuscripts, mosaics and sculptures were the most important arts which were influential in the middle ages. Sculptures were largely used in many buildings to beautify them during the Romanesque architecture era (Harvey, 1971). Illuminated manuscripts and mosaics on the other hand were used to spread Christianity, which was a highlight of the medieval ages.

References

Harvey, J. H. (1971). The master builders: architecture in the Middle Ages. McGraw-Hi

Onians, J. (1988). Bearers of Meaning: The Classical Orders in Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance (p. 271). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Williams, H. (2010). Emperor of the West: Charlemagne and the Carolingian Empire. Quercus

Write My Essay Sample: Importation of Food
Posted by: Write My Essay on: June 16, 2019

Write My Essay Sample: Importation of Food

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Overview of Imported Fruits and Vegetables

At a person level, I enjoy taking different types of fruits and vegetables. Some of The common fruits that make include mangoes, oranges, and apples. On the other hands, the kind of vegetables that I take includes cabbage, onions, lettuce, celery, spinach among others. In most cases, I prefer buying imported fruits and vegetables since I am of the opinion that testing an imported type of food makes one understand and have a realistic feeling of the kind of food found in different parts of the world. Based on the research, most of the fruits and vegetables I have been taking are imported from Mexico (Brody et.al, 2011).  Therefore, the average distance that these fruits and vegetables travel from Mexico to America is approximately 1886 miles or 3034 km (Brody et.al, 2011).

Benefits to Developing and Developed Nations

Critically to note is that Mexico is one of the developing nations across the globe. The trade between developed and developing countries is usually for the developed countries. However, both developed and developing countries benefit from the importation and exportation of food in different ways.  Firstly, the developing countries can get revenue from the exports. The business people who export their products to developing countries are not only able to earn income but are in a position to sustain their businesses for the long time (Brody et.al, 2011). The governments of the developing nations, in turn, get income through taxation for both importers and exporters. Consequently, the revenue is used in the development initiatives among other economic activities. On the other hand, the developed nations also get revenue from taxation from the importers, while their citizens get the food they need. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Using Locally Sourced Fruits and Vegetables

Although I rarely buy local products, I understand the benefits of using locally sourced food materials.  Firstly, the fruits and vegetables contain essential nutrients that are beneficial for the human body (Admont et al., 2014). However, according to scientific studies, the nutritional value of fruits and vegetables is easily destroyed in different ways. For example, one of these ways is that the longer the fruits and vegetables take to be consumed after being harvests, the faster they lose their nutrients. Therefore, by eating local food, one can get most nutrients unlike when imported (Admont et.al, 2014).  At the same time, the local business people especially farmers are motivated when their products are bought locally which reduces competition from the importers. However, one of the drawbacks is that since some local fruits are not enough to [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]meet the demand, thus they are sold at high prices compared to the imported ones.

Importance of Fruits and Vegetables

Unfortunately, I cannot live without taking fruits and vegetables since I know how important they are in one’s body (Brody et.al, 2011).  Most of the fruits and vegetables that I take are also locally available. The general nutritional value of fresh fruit and vegetables is that they help in boosting the immunity in the body systems (Admont et.al, 2014). On the other hand, unlike other food items such as red meat and junk food, which includes one’s calories leading to weight gain and lifestyles diseases, experts encourage people to consume a lot of fruits and vegetables to keep their body healthy and out of danger of lifestyle body complications. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

 

Conclusion

Although global trade is for developed countries, I will continue buying imported food but use local fruits and vegetable as well. The bottom line is that the individual business people are also benefiting in countries abroad.

References

Admont, S., Goyal, S., & Sakhuja, S. (2014). I love to eat fruits and vegetables. Halifax, Nova Scotia:  Shelley Admont Publishing.

Brody, A. L., Zhuang, H., Han, J. H., & Wiley InterScience (Online service). (2011). Modified atmosphere packaging for fresh-cut fruits and vegetables. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.

 

Essay Writing Sample: Online and Blending Learning Environments for Nursing: Effective or Not?
Posted by: Write My Essay on: June 14, 2019

 

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Literature Review

The increasing number of healthcare issues has necessitated the growth of healthcare nurses. The recent technological advancements have introduced online learning, which is much different from the traditional learning environment. It has been widely accepted that online learning has brought convenience, an aspect that has been lacking in the traditional learning environment. Given the pivotal role that nursing plays in public health, it is important to weigh the options between the traditional learning environment and the online learning environment.

Online learning has been one of the major aspects that have influenced academic progress in various fields. According to Riley and Schmidt (2015), online work does work for nurses if the management supported them through their learning and understood their busy schedules. Riley and Schmidt (2015) further note that health care cases have become rampant, which has consequently led to an increase in the demand for public hospital beds and an increase in the number of nurses. With the growing needs in public health, it is important that nurses develop professionally in ensuring that their operations are in line with the needs of their patients. Through a randomized control methodology, Riley and Schmidt (2015) found out that continued professional development among the nurses was inevitable, and it necessitated the need for the online learning environment. However, Riley and Schmidt (2015) observe that if such programs are to succeed, all stakeholders should take part in ensuring the provision of quality education.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Enhancing knowledge in the clinical sector has proved to be a challenging course for continuing nurses. In their literature, Dalhem and Saleh (2014) observe that online education has been one of the technological advancements that have impacted learning. In their analysis, Dalhem and Saleh (2014) studied the impact of online education in Hamad Medical Corporation, specifically in ICT, which had been promoted by the Qatar government. The aim of the program was to train and improve the ICT skills of the nurses working in public schools. Through a descriptive study design, the results indicated that e-learning was not a useful tool in learning for the nurses as it had been expected (Dalhem & Saleh, 2014). Through the surveys conducted, all the respondents were eager in the enrollment of the studies, but the results were not as per the set expectations. The study, however, found out that e-learning has a positive learning tool which was useful in the busy schedules for the nurses, and it allowed convenience and effectiveness in the provision of the standard services by the nurses (Dalhem & Saleh, 2014). The study, therefore, implies that e-learning can be a useful tool in learning, which could consequently be used in the professional development of the nurses.

There have been shortages of nurses in the healthcare industry. These changes have called for the introduction of innovative educational models that will prepare nurses within the healthcare system. Lowery and Spector (2014) note that there will be a demand of more than 50% of nurses both at the bachelor’s or doctoral levels by 2020. Such demand has led to a proliferation of technology use in nursing education. Similarly, Lowery and Spector (2014) continue to write that many boards of nursing have recommended the use of online and distance learning in the professional development of nurses. The boards of nursing have encouraged the use of technology, which according to them, addresses the increasing need for nurses across the board. However, through a reference from other relevant articles, Lowery and Spector (2014) have indicated that online education has met more challenges that seem to jeopardize the health care sector. Lowery and Spector (2014) have however noted that there is a need for the implementation of a regulatory model that copes with the challenges that face the implementation of online learning among nurses in the healthcare sector.   [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

In order to understand the impact of the online learning, it is important to conduct a comparative analysis of the traditional form of learning that involved face-to-face. In the traditional learning environment, students used to meet with their lecturers physically and learning used to take place in a formal environment such as a classroom, library, or laboratory. McCutcheon, Lohan, Traynor and Martin (2014) compare an online learning environment with the traditional system of face-to-face and their effectiveness in enhancing learning in the nursing sector. Through mixed methods systematic review, the McCutcheon et al. (2014) were able to research and analyze the online teaching methods that were being practiced by clinical students. Through the evidence that the authors gathered, online teaching is quite similar to the traditional learning environment. According to McCutcheon et al. (2014), the information provided in both learning environments is similar, and it is not possible to underrate any system of learning merely due to location or availability of facilities. However, McCutcheon et al. (2014) are not thorough in their analysis as they only compare the environment. McCutcheon et al. (2014) have affirmed that more research is required to evaluate the effectiveness of the various models of learning.

Student learning is a process that is guided by learning objectives. In nursing, attaining these goals determines the training that a nurse has accomplished during their course. Attaining course objectives is independent of whether the student is an ongoing professional nurse or a new student. It is important to ensure that an educational program produces a competent practitioner who maintains professional standards and protects the public from incompetence (Edwards, Chapman, & Nash, 2001). Edwards et al. (2001) also define the purpose of effective learning in nursing, which relates to the quality of education offered in online learning. Based on the evaluation methods that have been stated in the article, online education in the nursing practice does not attain the required levels in ensuring competency for the students (Edwards et al., 2001). Such a checklist means that regulatory measures will have to be implemented in online nursing for students.

The literature analysis has provided insight into online learning in the healthcare industry among nurses. The growing need of health services has necessitated a larger number of nurses, which has called for new models of learning among the nurses. Online learning has been considered as an efficient model although it requires reevaluation and introduction of regulatory measures in maintaining competency. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

References

Dalhem, W. A., & Saleh, N. (2014). The impact of eLearning on nurses’ professional knowledge and practice in HMC. Canadian Journal of Nursing Informatics, 9(3).

Edwards, H. E., Chapman, H., & Nash, R. E. (2001). Evaluating student learning: An Australian case study. Nursing and Health Sciences, 3(4), 197-203. Lowery, B. & Spector, N. (2014). Regulatory implications and recommendations for distance education in prelicensure nursing programs. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 5(3), 24-33.

McCutcheon, K., Lohan, M., Traynor, M., & Martin, D. (2014). A systematic review evaluating the impact of online or blended learning vs. face-to-face learning of clinical skills in undergraduate nurse education. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 71(2), 255-270.

Riley, K., & Schmidt, D. (2015). Does online learning click with rural nurses? A qualitative study. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 24(4), 265-270.

Write My Essay Sample: German Versus Irish
Posted by: Write My Essay on: June 12, 2019

Write My Essay Sample: German Versus Irish

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German Vs Irish Reception into the US in the 1850s

More than three million people of Irish and German origin immigrated to the US in the period between 1830 and 1860 (Ayers et al. 266). They found an America that was already filling up with immigrants from other regions including Africa, Britain, Scandinavian countries, and Asia. The native whites who mere the dominant race had a well-established way of life and saw the Irish and German immigrants as a threat.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]  The Native Americans, in adherence to the normative standard of fairness to natives, were more welcoming and receptive of the Germans due to their modest way of life and less interference with American internal affairs as compared to Irish Immigrants who were overtly encroaching.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The initial view of Native Americans towards the Irish and Germans was the same because they were driven by almost similar forces to move into the US (Ayers et al. 266). One of the factors that necessitated the immigration was famine and crop failures. The Irish and Germans moved to America to escape hunger and exploit the agricultural potential in America. Another factor that prompted the immigration was the rising incidence of war and conflict across Europe. The immigrants saw America as a haven where they could hide from this conflict. Overpopulation in most parts of Europe also forced the Germans and Irish to immigrate to the United States. The two groups of immigrants also moved to the US in search of religious freedom.  [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Works Cited

Ayers, Edward L. et al. American Passages: A History of the United States, Brief. 4th ed., Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2011.

Essay Writing Service Sample: T.M. MacMillan
Posted by: Write My Essay on: June 11, 2019

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Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Severe Head Injury by T.M. MacMillan

Summary

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder directly relates to head injuries suffered by patients following road traffic accidents. The stress reactions of the accidents were associated with several intrusive thoughts and avoidance of physical and cognitive events based on the sequence of the accident. PTSD appears to manifest itself even when there was a loss of consciousness and organic amnesia for the accidents and the subsequent events. Car accidents can cause PTSD among people that are directly involved in car accidents and later suffer head injuries in addition to relatives of the affected persons that never witnessed but have memories of the incident.

The article is based on the case scenario of a girl that was involved in a car accident and was diagnosed with severe brain swelling and the effects she suffered for a duration of over three months in addition to the nature of treatment used for her PSTD symptoms. The study shows that she went through different treatments for a duration of three months in different medical departments. After being discharged from her head injury treatment, she resumed work, where she was known to be a competent employee capable of handling all duties. After fourteen months, she started to show psychogenic symptoms known to be common with a head injury such as poor concentration, severe headaches, undue fatigue, occasional dizziness, and difficulty coping at work (McMillan, 1991, p. 431). At home, her mother noticed that she blamed herself for surviving while her friend, who was driving died from the accident. Her mother noticed some additional symptoms such as loss of libido, early awakening and tearfulness, hopelessness, and poor appetite (McMillan, 1991, p. 431).

PTSD after disasters or combating stress is now being noticed in adults especially with head injuries. Amnesia is also related when the head injuries are severe but has also been noticed in accidents with smaller impacts. Studies show that the possibility of PTSD occurrence in minor head injuries has been suggested (McMillan, 1991, p. 432). In addition, the stress associated with post-accident trauma can be ameliorated by behavioral techniques as was shown in the case of AC (McMillan, 1991, p. 433). [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Critical Analysis

This is a research article that attempts to provide evidence of the study objectives by use of a case study. The thesis statement was the relation between head injuries and PTSD, and the provided example shows how such injuries can affect people even after undergoing treatment regardless of their age. In addition, it bases the objective on adults and chooses the case of an 18-year-old girl while still mentioning that PTSD can also affect children.

This is a British Journal of Psychiatry and was published by T. M. MacMillan in London. The author an established professor of Clinical Neuropsychology and has written very many articles on psychiatry. He is the research director of the D.Clin.Psychology and MSc in Neuropsychology courses at the University of Glasgow, a position that has given him wide exposure to issues related to PTSD (The University of Glasgow, 2016).

Upon the analysis of this article, MacMillan shows excellent research skills by providing all information on the case study for one to relate with the objective of the article. This is the case because AC is an 18-year-old girl that suffers from PTSD while her mother is also shown to be affected by learning the details of the accident, even though she was never involved. In addition, he uses simple psychological terminologies as that serves to facilitate information with many readers. This means that the article has an open audience of any person interested in PTSD and car accidents. The article also relies on data from a case study to which many people can relate, as car accidents are common with people, and the reactions are readily witnessed in society. While considering the medical explanation of when the victim was hospitalized provides people with real life examples such as Intensive Care Unit while leaving out the prescriptions that would have been associated with such treatment (McMillan, 1991, p.431). One would expect that a professor such as MacMillan would choose technical terms while writing an article. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The focus of this article is to show people that adults also experience PTSD after accidents and combating stress as opposed to previous studies that only associated the condition with children. To achieve this, it compares the relations between PTSD and accidents when head injuries are involved. His presentation of data is excellent as he chooses a single case study and includes different effects in AC’s life. According to the article, AC sustained a severe head injury resulting in unconsciousness at the age of 18 when she was involved as a passenger in a collision between two cars (McMillan, 1991, p.431). He specifies AC’s age as 18 to show that she suffered the accident as an adult as in normal cases, people associate teenagers as youngsters while that is not the case. In addition, the fact that AC was 18 years and she accomplished so much at her workplace served to show the effects that PTSD can have on people. By stating the effects of the head injury at AC’s workplace and home shows how intensive, a head injury after an accident can affect the victims. To be specific, McMillan (1991) states that there were symptoms of depression, including negative thinking, feelings of failure, loss of interest hopelessness, poor appetite, loss of libido, early wakening, and tearfulness.

The writing style used for the article is very effective as it involves a clear arrangement of points using subtitles, paragraphs, and numbering. In addition, he references his work so that the reader can do more research and find out whether there is additional information from the sources. The subtitles are made in bold to ensure that a reader can always anticipate the nature of content before reading. From a general view, the article shows a well-arranged content that could give a person the framework used by McMillan for this research article. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Conclusion

MacMillan concludes the article by providing an alternative means through which people can deal with PTSD. Given his field of expertise, he suggests that behavioral techniques could be effective in dealing with this condition among adults as that was the effective method used for AC’s case. He gives this advice to clinicians as the use of medical techniques proved ineffective with AC’s case, but with the addition of behavioral techniques then it could be possible to deal with the PTSD. This makes the article an effective research study that analyzes a situation while enlightening people in addition to providing viable solutions. Therefore, based on the information provided by the article, one would assume that the target audiences are clinicians and other experts within the field of psychology. However, any interested person could also benefit from this information by knowing the best solutions to seek when involved in car accidents whether the injuries are minor or major.

References

McMillan, M. T. (1991). Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, and Severe Head Injury. British Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 431-433. Retrieved November 16, 2016

The University of Glasgow. (2016). Professor Tom McMillan.

 

 

Write My Essay Sample: Knowledge Management and Learning
Posted by: Write My Essay on: June 6, 2019

Write My Essay Sample: Knowledge Management and Learning

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Question One

James O.McKinsey, the founder of the firm, recruited experienced executive and trained them by use of an integrated approach that he had initiated. Among the pillars of the approach was holding a session with the consultants every Saturday with the aim of discussing goals, policies, procedures and encouraging the experts to think independently and for themselves (Bartlett, 2000). James O.McKinsey impacted the sense of professionalism to the associates by adopting and having ethical principles that aimed at serving the clients amicably and more efficiently.

The firm also adopted policies such as profits been shared from a firm pool rather than an office pool, clients been accorded the necessary assistance and also the recruitment of professionals. The company also provided guidelines and principles that aimed at ensuring that the firm served its clients well (Prichard, 2000). The recruitment of MD’s that had the knowledge and know-how of the way to run the firm also contributed significantly to the expansion of the enterprise as they had all it takes to ensure the productivity of the company was enhanced.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Question Two

The commission on firm and goals proposed that the growth of the firm had to be slowed and the MD, Daniel adopted an approach that is changing the model of the organization (Bartlett, 2000). It changes from the office base that the firm operated on to client relationship of the firm to leadership thoughts and making of strong strategies to the consultant market with the aim of losing clients so as to have a managed client list that the firm can manage so that the firm can grow efficiently.

He also began training so as to impact the consultants with the appropriate skills and expertise as well as encouraging developments of functional expertise with the aim of diffusing knowledge and experience (Bartlett, 2000). This approach was put in place to ensure that what the commission had proposed was observed and the efficiency of the firm was enhanced.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Fred Gluck brought together a group of partners with the aim of sharing ideas on strategy expertise and the importance of focusing on knowledge building of the partners and consultants, and he also ensured that the strategy on training was not a one-time thing but rather an ongoing practice of the firm (Prichard, 2000). Fred also initiated the training of the partners with the aim of making sure that the partners and consultants had what it takes to be able to serve the growing list of clients efficiently and more thus enhancing productivity.

Question Three

The firm in its two-decade long change process has been efficient because it is through the adoption of the strategy education that the consultants stopped being generalists and did specialization and its through the specialization and teamwork that the clients were served well and efficiently as work was now done well.The team was well chosen comprising of  qualified, available and nonconflicted associates

Balancing assignments of over 80 consultants to 25 ongoing teams was a complicated process that involved matching the needs of the engagement and the individual consultants’ development requirements (Sanchez & Heene, 2005). The adoption of professionalism also contributed significantly to the sufficient running and meeting of the goals set as well as ensuring that the client’s need was met. The idea of working in teams was adopted, and the team would converged an internal workshop was planned to keep customer management informed, involved, and committed to the emerging conclusions. Out of this meeting, the team would focus on  core beliefs and viable options that provided its agenda for the next phase of the project.

Co-leadership roleBray reflected on the challenges he and his co-leaders faced. The first was to make telecom an exciting and interesting practice so it could attract the best associates. The problem is we rarely feel the need to draw on those groups. For example, knowing the firm’s pricing practice has world-class expertise in industrial pricing, but it’s hard to learn how to apply it to telecom meaning that mostly calls on the pricing experts within the practice

Dull was contacted by an executive search firm that had been retained by McKinsey to recruit potential consultants in consumer marketing, Dull soon discovered that there was no structured development program. Like the eight experienced consumer marketing recruits in other offices, he was expected to create his agenda (Bartlett, 2000). It was difficult for him since he discovered that it was not easy to execute the set proposal as specialization in the firm was not embraced.

The adoption of the various techniques that the commission had proposed was welcomed and initiated in the organization and was active in the smooth running of the firm ensuring that the clients were served well and satisfactory, and this provided that clients were satisfied with the end results. The adoption of the training of the consultants and the partners was done throughout and not seasonal, so the acquisition of knowledge was throughout the year.

Question four

The Rajat Gupta’s approach which involved the persuasion of all the four methods as he presumed that discussions were consuming energy that should have been directed towards the activity itself. First was to capitalize on the firm’s long-term investment in practice development driven by Clientele Industry Sectors and Functional Capability Groups and also through the creation of some new channels, forums, and mechanisms for knowledge.

Building on an experiment begun in offices where two- to six-person teams from offices around the world were encouraged to come up with ideas that grew out of recent client engagements. They would then be required to formalize them for presentation at a regional competition with senior partners and customers as judges so as to develop and organize learning (Bartlett, 2000). Next was the focus on emerging issues that were of importance to CEOs both internal and external expertise to come up with ideas and approaches that aimed at addressing the emerging issues encountered during the daily running of the firm.

It is through the focusing on the issues at hand that a firm or organization can move forward because it can know the problems at hand and deal with them accordingly to ensure they do not recur. As a senior partner, i would advise Rajat Gupta that the approach he is using is okay since at the end of it all he will come up with the most appropriate approach which the firm can now adopt and having tested the proposal they are convinced that the method will work for the company.

The approach is also efficient because it will ensure that the firm comes up with the right approach since it has tested all the four methods and has come comprehensively to a conclusion and that the method they have adopted is the most appropriate (Tsoukas, 2004). In the running of the firm, the approaches are all relevant in such a way that there is a right to weigh the options so that they can comprehensively acknowledge the efficiency and effectively. The procedures ensured that there was the recruitment of more research-oriented people and linked more efficiently into the academic arena as knowledge was perceived as been the baseline of any professional and its through that that professionalism was established (Tsoukas, 2004).The setting of goals and ensuring they are met and having settings with the aim of discussing progress and ensuring that all pending issues are addressed and adhered to and addressed appropriately well.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

References

Bartlett, C. A., & Harvard Business School. (January 01, 2000). McKinsey & Company: Managing Knowledge and Learning.

European Conference on Organizational Knowledge, Learning, and Capabilities, Tsoukas, H., & Mylonopoulos, N. (2004). Organizations as knowledge systems: Knowledge, learning, and dynamic capabilities. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Prichard, C. (2000). Managing Knowledge: Critical investigations of work and learning. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Sanchez, R., & Heene, A. (2005). A focused issue on managing knowledge assets and organizational learning. Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI.

 

Essay Writing Service Sample: Categorical Imperative
Posted by: Write My Essay on: June 5, 2019

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Immanuel Kant’s View On Lying

Immanuel Kant had an incredibly strong opinion on lying. He was of the view that lying is always immoral and in no situation can it be justified or considered. Upon this belief, he developed a theory of morality called Categorical Imperative, in which he defines the existence of an absolute, unconditional requirement which supersedes all possible situations, which is necessary and can be justified as an end. The Categorical Imperative basically states that that which ought to be done must be influenced by reason only and not on the desired outcome. Kant believed that the duty to be truthful was far more important than any other function that would be conflicting with it. Kant’s opinion of honesty as a mission is grounded in his belief that to lie is to deny the other individual the option of rational choice on how to act on the information given to them and thus, denying them respect as intelligent human beings[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

He argues that lying terminates the validity of any contracts and efficiently makes any personal dealings pointless because the other party only becomes an instrument, given a limited view of a situation and expected to react to it without the freedom of rational choice (Kant, 1993). I disagree with Kant’s stand on lying as there are lies that have the potential to prevent us from hurting others and violating our duty of benevolence towards them. Take for example a scenario in the times of the Holocaust where people would lie to the German soldiers to protect [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.] the Jews they housed. Kant’s argument if applied in this case would violate those people’s moral duty to protect the lives of their fellow human beings, regardless of religious background or race. Always telling the truth is an unachievable feat, given the malicious nature of human being as this would expose one to abuse by those willing to manipulate others to get their way. If all human beings were morally well disposed of, not only would it be everyone’s duty not to lie, there would be no need to lie in the first place.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Reference

Kant, I., Ellington, J. W., & Kant, I. (1993).Grounding for the metaphysics of morals; with, On a supposed right to lie because of philanthropic concerns. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co.

Write My Essay Sample: The Loving Story
Posted by: Write My Essay on: June 3, 2019

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In the small town of Central Point, Virginia in early 1958, a girl 18 years of age got pregnant by a man she loved. While this would be a reason for celebration, she was black. A black woman, pregnant by a white man. In any other situation, this would have been a regular occurrence but the state of Virginia, the couple had committed a felony. In June 1958, to evade the Virginia’s Racial Integrity Act of 1924 which criminalized marriage between whites and non-whites, the two traveled to Washington, D.C. to get married. This only gave them temporary relief as upon return to their hometown, they were ambushed in the middle of the night, arrested and charged with “cohabiting as man and wife, against the peace and dignity of the Commonwealth” (Wolfe, 2015).

The Judge allowed the suspension of their one year prison year sentence for the age of 25 only if the couple left the state of Virginia, effectively exiling them from their families and the rural life they were accustomed to. Five years of having to sneak while visiting families led Mildred to write to the Attorney General seeking help (Sheppard, 2012). It is in this background that the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) filed a motion for the Virginia trial court to set aside the sentence, arguing that the violated statutes ran counter to the Fourteenth Amendment which protects citizen rights and equal protection of the laws. Despite a lengthy process that entailed arguments that both the white and non-white partners were punished equally and therefore the sentence did not violate the equal protection of the laws. The verdict was overruled by the Supreme Court because Virginia’s anti-miscegenation statute went against not only the Due Process Clause but also the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

First Response:

Virginia’s anti-miscegenation laws which classified the mixing of races through marriage, cohabitation, and procreation as a felony that would attract a one to five-year prison sentence were racist because they had been enacted to allow white supremacy. No logical reason does not imply racial discrimination that would justify this law. The fact that the Law only prohibited interracial marriages involving white people makes it obvious that it was enacted to further the white supremacy agenda. The Supreme Court ruling set a precedent not only for other cases involving racial discrimination but also any other forms of discrimination which caused minorities to be denied equal rights as others, an example being In Obergefell v. Hodges, where the Loving case was cited severally in deciding the fate of same-sex marriage in Ohio.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Second response:

The right to marry is among the basic civil rights of man and is the basis of existence and survival of the human race, as it is mostly from marriage the human needs of companionship and procreation are fulfilled. The use of racial classification contained in the statutes of Virginia to deny the Loving this right was directly subversive of the equality principle that forms the foundation of the Fourteenth Amendment. The judgment passed on the Loving deprived them of liberty without due process of law. According to the Fourteenth Amendment, the freedom of choice of who to marry must not be curtailed by an individual’s race. The American constitution protects the freedom to marry or that not to marry a person of a different race as a personal choice which cannot be infringed upon by the state.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

 

References:

Buirski, N. (2015, April 15). Watch The Loving Story (2011) Full Movie Online Free | Tubi TV [Video file].

Sheppard, K. (2012, February 13). “The Loving Story”: How an Interracial Couple Changed a Nation | Mother Jones.

Wolfe, B. (2015, November 4). Racial Integrity Laws (1924–1930).

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