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Essay Writing Service Sample: Comparison between Davidic, Mosaic, and Abrahamic Covenants

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Most Christians are under the impression that when God instituted any of his covenants, all the previous covenants were abolished. However, all God’s covenants in the Old Testament overlap each other, except the Adamic Covenant, and even covenants such as Davidic covenants are fulfilled in the New Testament. This essay compares Davidic covenant to Mosaic and Abrahamic covenants as well as demonstrate the fulfillment of the Davidic covenant in the New Testament.

Abrahamic and Davidic covenants are operating in the New Covenant, but the Mosaic covenant is not. The Abrahamic Covenant overlaps Mosaic and Davidic covenant periods and is hugely fulfilled in the New Covenant. From Galatians 3:16-18, it is evident that the Abrahamic Covenant was not left behind by the start of the Mosaic Covenant. Romans 4:6-12 confirms that David prophesied the Abrahamic covenant continued into David’s reign, many years after the Mosaic covenant began (Scott, p 5). In the Abrahamic covenant, God declared this covenant everlasting, which means that it did not cease when the following agreements began.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The Mosaic Covenant overlaps the Davidic Covenant, and the ceremonial features of this agreement were finished at the Messiah’s death. Moral parts of the Mosaic Law were applied in the New Covenant period to nonbelievers who believed that those who failed to abide by the Mosaic Law suffered a death penalty that involved physical and spiritual death. The formal aspects of the Mosaic covenant such as offerings, blood sacrifices applied to the Israelites to the original giving of the Mosaic Law up until the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Davidic covenant is partly fulfilled in the new covenant and overlaps part of the Mosaic covenant. 2nd Samuel 7:12-17 is evidence that a descendant of David would fulfill the David Covenant. To some extent, Solomon fulfilled this covenant, but Jesus Christ fulfilled the promise in a deeper sense as the Messiah (Scott, p 6-11). Verses such as Hebrew 1:5 show that Jesus Christ would fulfill the Davidic covenant and sit on David’s throne as the King Of Kings. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The Abrahamic and Davidic covenant are called grant promises or covenants of promise while the Mosaic covenant was likened to a suzerain-vassal treaty. In the Abrahamic and Davidic covenant, God makes commitments to His people, and the covenant represented God’s obligation to His people. Abrahamic and Davidic covenant protected the rights of Gods people, and God made promises and little or no demands on His people. However, the Mosaic covenant was different because God imposed obligations in the form of laws and rituals to the people of Israel. The mosaic covenant represented the Israelites’ commitment to God to please God or lest they face punishment for disobeying the imposed rules and rituals. Under the Mosaic covenant, failure by the Israelites to conform to the covenant, would lead to a curse or covenant failure including the possession of the Promised Land. However, in the Davidic covenant, the treacherous conduct of any of the rulers did not threaten the realization of God’s promises to His people.

The reigns of King Hezekiah, Josiah and Manasseh, were a clear demonstration of the relationship between the Davidic and Mosaic covenants. Provisions in the Mosaic covenant offered a measuring yardstick for their reign (Kimble, p 861-865). Their reign taught the Israelites the importance of having a God-fearing king, keeping the covenant, and relying on God’s mercy and deliverance. The King doubled as the Covenant administrator, and he was to trust God to deliver. Israelites’ obligation was to remain loyal to Yahweh. The Davidic king was to lead his people in observing the Torah. Therefore, there lies a significant convergence between the Mosaic and Davidic covenants. The Davidic ruler was to epitomize the standards of the Mosaic Covenant. However, lack of conformity of the Mosaic Law in the Davidic period did not determine whether God would bring the realization of the provisions of the Davidic covenant. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Promises in the Davidic covenant anticipate the coming of David’s descendant who would rule in obedience to God’s covenant. The Davidic covenant is unconditional, and it was made between David and God through God’s promises to the Israelites that the Messiah would come from David’s lineage, the tribe of Judah, and establish an everlasting kingdom. Unlike the Mosaic and Abrahamic covenants, Davidic covenant was unconditional because God did not place conditions of obedience upon its fulfillment (Kimble, p 866-870). The guarantee of God’s promises rested exclusively on God’s faithfulness.

 

Works Cited

Kimble, Jeremy M. “Book Review: Kingdom through Covenant.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 58.4 (2015): 861-870.

 

Scott, Rickie S. “Covenant, Kingship, Grace, Sacrifice, and Prophetism in the Old Testament.” The Kabod 2.1 (2015): 5.

Write My Essay Sample: Democracy in Uruguay

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The condition of democracy in Uruguay over the last two decades has been a model example for almost any other country in the world. In 1999, Freedom House Index rated the level of democracy in the country 1.5, a status that indicated the country was free. Civil rights and political rights were rated at 2 and 1 respectively, with Colorado Party candidate Jorge Batlle winning the 1999 elections with 52 percent of the vote. In 2001, there was a general change of the freedom ratings to 1 mainly because of Batlle’s administration willingness to seek reconciliation based on truth about what happened during a period of military dictatorship (Freedom House, 2017).

That year was characterized by Batlle’s government fighting with the effects of economic turmoil in the country caused by two of its most strategically important neighbors. Uruguay’s exports to Brazil and Argentina alone account for 45% of the total, and economic upheavals in both countries brought trouble for Uruguay. In 2002, there was no change to the freedom index with the major development being the withdrawal of the Blanco Party from the coalition government.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

In the following year, political debate was mainly centered around the free trade disputes with Brazil and human rights concerns with Argentina. There was still no change to the freedom index in the following year, with former mayor of Montevideo, Tabare Vasquez being elected as president (Freedom House, 2017). In 2005, the focus was on the first left-wing government in Uruguay’s history that ended the domination of the country’s political scene by its two traditional parties. In 2006, the focus of the government was addressing the human rights violations that occurred during military rule between 1973 and 1985 while also implementing ambitious social and economic reforms.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The following year was marked by continuous progress into the human rights violations conducted during the period of military rule as well as political clamor with an eye for the 2009 presidential elections. Structural economic reforms were delayed in the country during 2008 ahead of the following year’s elections. The state of democracy in the country, still ranked highly during this period, highlighted the importance of the 2009 elections. In October that year, ‘Jose Mujica of the ruling center-left Broad Front (FA) coalition emerged as the victor in Uruguay’s November 2009 presidential run-off elections, defeating former president Luis Lacalle’ (Freedom House, 2017).

President José Mujica made an effort through 2010 to bring unity among the opposition parties, with the highlight of the year being the 30-year prison sentence given to former president Juan María Bordaberry for kidnapping and murder during Uruguay’s dirty war. In 2011, Uruguay annulled amnesty for members of the military dictatorship. In the following year, increasing crime rates in the capital, Montevideo, saw the approval ratings of the president slide while the admission of Venezuela into the trade bloc, Mercosur, increased tensions (Freedom House, 2017). In 2013, after public deliberations, parliament passed legislation that legalized the consumption of marijuana in the country; the year was also marked with the first prosecution of a serving general in the military dictatorship, General Miguel Dalmao sentenced to 28 years in prison.

In 2014, the general elections were the main talking point and eventually, Tabaré Vázquez won the presidency for a second term, with the state of democracy index remaining unchanged throughout this period. In the following year, Tabaré Vázquez term as president began, marking important transition points in the Uruguayan government. Over the past two decades, the country’s experience with democracy has been excellent and is ranked highly on the Freedom House Index.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

References

Freedom House Index. (2017). Freedom in the World: Uruguay 1999-2017.

Essay Writing Service Sample: Behaviorism in Education and Training in the United States

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How did behaviorism become such a dominant theoretical basis for education and training in the United States?

Behaviorism theory became the basis for training and education in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s. In particular, this principle was developed by John Watson in the twentieth century (Thyer, 1999). Later, skinner extended the work of John Watson after a research in operant conditioning which proved that behavior could be changed by altering the source of that behavior itself. Moreover, his experiment proved that consequences as a results of a given activity could serve as a punishment or reinforcement. As a matter of fact, Skinner’s idea changed teaching in special and regular schools in the 1960s and still is an important theoretical basis for teachers in the USA today especially in management of classrooms.

What do you think is changing in the way people think about others and their learning?

People used to think about others on the basis that only tests can be used to determine whether they have learnt or not. However, this is changing and people are now appreciating other methods of testing whether other people have learned such as a observations. Moreover, the generally accepted idea that learning can only take place in classrooms has been outdated due introduction of online learning where learning is taking place through the internet.

Why do you think that there seems to be so many lecture courses in schools and in training? Is this good or bad?

Different People have different ambitions and interests and they go school to learn and acquire knowledge and skills that will help them achieve their dreams hence the many different lecture courses in schools (Leonard, 2002). I think this is a good idea since having many lecture courses ensures that education needs for everyone are met. For example, offering different science and business courses ensures that the needs for these courses are met.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

How might consideration of theories in the instructional design process affect such courses?

This will enable students to have a good understanding of these courses because the instructions will be more clear and specific, which will meet the learning needs for everyone (Smith, & Ragan, 2005). To illustrate, there will be an advanced analysis on the learning needs for individual people, which will enable the establishment of a system to meet those specific needs.

Do you think that a tendency to use a behavioral approach in learning and teaching might have something to do with an instructor’s desire to keep control over the classroom and the learning pace and activity? Why or why not?

I believe using behavioral approach in teaching enable an instructor to have control over the pace of learning and the whole classroom (Leonard, 2002). To illustrate, behavioral approach emphasizes on reinforcement principle, which is very crucial in classroom management for teachers.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here

How do behaviorists make the logical transition in their thinking from experiments on pigeons, rats, dogs, and apes to conclusions about human learning?

In particular, behaviorists believe in operant response where they argue that although people are different, they function they same way. For example, Skinner argued that a rat may use its left or right paw to press a knob and added that these responses existed in the world in a similar manner and had common repercussions (Thyer, 1999). Behaviorists argue that just like rats and pigeons, people can be trained to do incredible things at behavioral level.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The scientific or positivist philosophy of education argues that knowledge can be discovered and constructed scientifically. Positivists assume that people can discover the truth about the world and that everyone needs to work toward knowledge of the same, ultimate truth, regardless of the topic or field of study. Discuss the following:
In what ways does behaviorist theory support this philosophy?

Behavioral theory asserts that behavior can be scientifically researched without considering the interior mental condition. Without a doubt, this theory supports the positivist theory because it emphasizes on provision of reinforcement in a systematic way which shapes behavior from bad to good (Thyer, 1999). Behaviorism sees development as continuous process, which is similar to what positivist philosophy advocates for.

 

References

Leonard, D. C. (2002). Learning theories: A to Z. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.

Smith, P. L., & Ragan, T. J. (2005). Instructional design. Hoboken, N.J: J. Wiley & Sons.

Thyer, B. A. (1999). The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Essay Writing Service Sample: Behaviorism in Education and Training in the United States

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How did behaviorism become such a dominant theoretical basis for education and training in the United States?

Behaviorism theory became the basis for training and education in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s. In particular, this principle was developed by John Watson in the twentieth century (Thyer, 1999). Later, skinner extended the work of John Watson after a research in operant conditioning which proved that behavior could be changed by altering the source of that behavior itself. Moreover, his experiment proved that consequences as a results of a given activity could serve as a punishment or reinforcement. As a matter of fact, Skinner’s idea changed teaching in special and regular schools in the 1960s and still is an important theoretical basis for teachers in the USA today especially in management of classrooms.

What do you think is changing in the way people think about others and their learning?

People used to think about others on the basis that only tests can be used to determine whether they have learnt or not. However, this is changing and people are now appreciating other methods of testing whether other people have learned such as a observations. Moreover, the generally accepted idea that learning can only take place in classrooms has been outdated due introduction of online learning where learning is taking place through the internet.

Why do you think that there seems to be so many lecture courses in schools and in training? Is this good or bad?

Different People have different ambitions and interests and they go school to learn and acquire knowledge and skills that will help them achieve their dreams hence the many different lecture courses in schools (Leonard, 2002). I think this is a good idea since having many lecture courses ensures that education needs for everyone are met. For example, offering different science and business courses ensures that the needs for these courses are met.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

How might consideration of theories in the instructional design process affect such courses?

This will enable students to have a good understanding of these courses because the instructions will be more clear and specific, which will meet the learning needs for everyone (Smith, & Ragan, 2005). To illustrate, there will be an advanced analysis on the learning needs for individual people, which will enable the establishment of a system to meet those specific needs.

Do you think that a tendency to use a behavioral approach in learning and teaching might have something to do with an instructor’s desire to keep control over the classroom and the learning pace and activity? Why or why not?

I believe using behavioral approach in teaching enable an instructor to have control over the pace of learning and the whole classroom (Leonard, 2002). To illustrate, behavioral approach emphasizes on reinforcement principle, which is very crucial in classroom management for teachers.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here

How do behaviorists make the logical transition in their thinking from experiments on pigeons, rats, dogs, and apes to conclusions about human learning?

In particular, behaviorists believe in operant response where they argue that although people are different, they function they same way. For example, Skinner argued that a rat may use its left or right paw to press a knob and added that these responses existed in the world in a similar manner and had common repercussions (Thyer, 1999). Behaviorists argue that just like rats and pigeons, people can be trained to do incredible things at behavioral level.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The scientific or positivist philosophy of education argues that knowledge can be discovered and constructed scientifically. Positivists assume that people can discover the truth about the world and that everyone needs to work toward knowledge of the same, ultimate truth, regardless of the topic or field of study. Discuss the following:
In what ways does behaviorist theory support this philosophy?

Behavioral theory asserts that behavior can be scientifically researched without considering the interior mental condition. Without a doubt, this theory supports the positivist theory because it emphasizes on provision of reinforcement in a systematic way which shapes behavior from bad to good (Thyer, 1999). Behaviorism sees development as continuous process, which is similar to what positivist philosophy advocates for.

References

Leonard, D. C. (2002). Learning theories: A to Z. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.

Smith, P. L., & Ragan, T. J. (2005). Instructional design. Hoboken, N.J: J. Wiley & Sons.

Thyer, B. A. (1999). The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

 

Essay Writing Service Sample: When Is It Right to Break the Law?

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The Athenian Greek Age is a Golden Age in Greece that is remembered for its great monuments, philosophy, art, architecture, and literature that has since then formed the building block of Greek Civilization. Among the greatest writers of that age is Sophocles. Sophocles in remembered as one of the tragedians in ancient Greek whose plays are still being used in the modern times. During his age, he wrote more than one hundred plats but only seven of them have them have survived up to now. The most famous Sophocles tragedies feature is Antigone and Oedipus, commonly referred to as the Theban plays. For more than fifty years, Sophocles was regarded as the most celebrated playwright of during that age regardless of the dramatic competition that existed in the city-state if Athens during that period.

Antigone is a play by Sophocles whose main theme is the dilemma been law and human law mainly involving two brothers, Polyneices, and Eteocles who slain each other during a battle. After the death of Eteocles, King Creon assumes the throne and decides that because that Polyneices committed treason, he should be left unburied for everyone to watch.

The dilemma in this play can be related to the case of the wiki leaks and Edward Snowden against the government of the United States. The theme that comes out when relating the case and the dilemma in the story is that laws exist and they have to abide by everyone whether you like it or not. In the case of Snowden saga against the U.S state government leaks, Snowden is seen to hurt his case hence the U.S government position was the right one. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The dilemma that is in the play ‘Antigone’ is that between the law being implemented by King Creon, and that of the gods being followed by Antigone. According to their beliefs, Creon was ordained to be a king by the gods, and this meant that his laws have to be the law of the gods. Antigone is left in the Dilemma is to whether she should follow the law of the Land and leave her brother to the face the death penalty or should she go against the edict by Creon and bury her brother by the law of the gods.

Creon believes that nothing or nobody can change his mind and even the gods will aspire to his position now that he feels his deeds are justified in going against the religious custom to promote what he believes is good. He states that “Why would be the gods honor someone who came to destroy their temples and their laws” (Sophocles 287).

On the other hand, the law of the gods should rule over all and that includes even King Creon. According to the law of the gods, the punishment of breaking such laws is not death but something more eternal. Now that it was the gods’ will that Creon became the king, then the question remains that it is also their will that Polyneices should be punished. However, this is not the case now that the Greek gods are totally different from the model religions.

Antigone believes that Creon does not rightfully occupy the kingship position and remains resentful towards him and his laws and that he slithered his way to his position after the fall of her father and brother. However, she decides to put the law first and not her personal feelings. In this case, she follows the law of the gods. According to her, there are no enemies, friend to the state or traitor of the state among any of his brothers and considers them as being mere ‘philoi,’ to whom she is related to and has to remain bound to them (Sophocles 72).  The duty she decides to assume is not backed in any way by natural sentiments now that she is seen to love her duties more than the love she has for her brothers. She says that “I shall lie with him as a lobe one and one with a lobe one,” (Sophocles 73). She proclaims these words without any sense of personal memory, closeness, or particularity animation of her speech.

In the case of Snowden and the U. S government, it remains a dilemma as to whether the law was adhered to when the U. S. government stranded him while in Moscow. Snowden has come forwarded to defend his position, but there have been some reasons that have left people to doubt his claim.

First, the founder of WikiLeaks, Julian Assange reported to Janet Reitman from the Rolling Stone that he advised Snowden against Latin America as he claims that “He would be safest in Russia.” (Harding 3). Also, the United States had revoked the passport of Snowden by June 22 as well as Ecuadorian travel document that was not signed acquired by Assange was void at the time Snowden reached Moscow (Miller 4)[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

WikiLeaks had reported to the BI that this Ecuadorian document was supposed to help him leave Hong. This raises the concern as to why he required it if his passport was still valid. Snowden lawyer in Moscow Anatoly Kucherena admitted that Snowden was “in a situation with no way out.” (Greenwald, 6). This is because he had no passport and visa and hence could not travel to any part of the world. The third thing that makes it hard for anyone to believe the claims by Snowden is that, if he had proper traveling documents, it remains unclear how the FSB would have allowed him to pass through the business lounge as he was traveling to Cuba (Gurnow, 4).

Conclusion

In the saga between Snowden and the United States government following the files he leaked to the public through the WikiLeaks, Assange allegations were right regardless of the debate by Snowden. His actions and statements made him come out as someone beyond just an honest whistleblower.

In the poem Antigone, Creon believes that now that he is the king, anointed by the gods, he had to make sure that everyone followed the law including Polyneices, Eteocles, and Antigen. Antigone, on the other hand, believes that no matter what her brother had done, the divine law should always come before the human law and this was the main cause of conflict between Creon and Antigen. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Now that Creon and Antigone have their idea of what is wrong and right, it is hard to take a definite position on who was right or wrong.  Antigone believed that her actions were for the right reasons now that they adhered to the law of the gods. Creon on the other hand that his actions were the right ones now that believe that Polyneices had betrayed the Kingdom and hence should be buried as a traitor

Works Cited

Sophocles. Antigone.

Greenwald, Glenn. No Place to Hide: Edward Snowden, the NSA, and the U.S. Surveillance State. London: Hamish Hamilton, 2014

Gurnow, Michael. The Edward Snowden Affair: Exposing the Media and Politics Behind the NSA Scandal. Indianapolis: Blue River Press, 2014

Harding, Luke. The Snowden Files: The Inside Story of the World’s Most Wanted Man. London: Guardian Faber, 2015

Miller, Greg. “U.S. officials scrambled to nab Snowden, hoping he would take a wrong step. He didn’t.”. The Washington Post, June 14, 2014

Write My Essay Sample: The Canadian History-Post Confederation

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Argument

In the building of Canada, there were some regional and national indifference. The presence of separation of powers between the federal government and the ten provincial governments has created conflicts of interest. The transition of Canada economically and socially.

Main point

Canadian federalism was marked by confederation. The Confederation was a series of conferences characterized by the union of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and the province of Canada. This was an opportunity for the colonies to unite and this had much support. An idea of the federal system of government was popular due to the advantages it was accompanied with. It was a way of protecting the colonies from tyrant governments (Ruff, 2006). The level of citizen participation would eventually increase as powers were diffused. A federal government was a more efficient government and enhanced the responsiveness of needs of state governments to needs of citizens.

However as the province of Canada grew and developed, governing Ontario (Canada West) and Quebec (Canada East) was tough. In Canada East confederation was being opposed by A.A. Dorion’s Party Rogue. The conservatives were in support and also managed to gain support from the Catholic Church. It also earned justification from the public based on the issue that French Canadians would reclaim their provincial identity. The conservatives were against the Ottawa’s power of disallowance, and hence they lead the provincial rights movement which was championed by Oliver Mowat.

The issue of federal powers of reservation and disallowance was present. They involved allowing the queen in council to disallow or reserve federal legislation. Reservation of powers involved issues is not addressed the constitution.  Section 91 stated “It shall be lawful for the Queen, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate and House of Commons, to make Laws for the Peace, Order, and good. The government of Canada, concerning all Matters not coming within the Classes of Subjects by this Act assigned exclusively to the Legislatures of the Province” (Bélanger, 1998). The division of powers was unclear as raised a question on who had much power in the gray areas. The Canadians challenged the move and insisted on approval of the Canadian cabinet before disallowing or reserving any legislation. Another significant step was the 1892 judgment of the judicial committee of the Privy Council in London (Russell, 2011). This appeal resolved the issue of provincial rights.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The theory of classic federalism is characterized by smaller governments and balanced budgets. It involved less spending on government operations and maximizing on revenues. In 1896 federal election demonstrated a shift to the classical federalism. Conservatives had won most of the votes, however, did not win in Quebec. The powers of reservation and disallowance of the federal government are formal and inscribed in the constitutional act, 1867 (Russell, 2011).

In the Canadian history, two theories regarding the formation of government were present; the compact theory and the two founding people’s theory. The compact theory was a theory that involved the formation of a government through an agreement by all the states. A consensus by all states must be reached for the formation of a federal government. The two people’s theory was based on those that either supported the confederation project or those that opposed the project. The radical French Canadians were against the Confederation, and the moderate reformists were in support of the Confederation. Both of the theories were considered to be both an ideal and myth. For the compact theory, it was unlikely for all nations to come to an agreement. The two people’s approach was also a theory based on divisions of ideologies between the radicals and reformists.

In 1926 Canadians were challenged to have self-governance (Bélanger, 1998). This was after a Balfour report where the committee examined and redefined the relationship among self-governing nations of the British Empire.

Evidence

The presence of the Aboriginal people in Canada and having a unitary government is a clear indication of the evolution of the provincial administration that generated a separate government that stands on its own. This brings aspects of government closer to the people who make it easier for people to access them such as health and education sectors. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Assessment

The issue of conflicts of interest in both the federal and the provincial governments were clearly outlined and explained. It is easier to understand the forms of government in Canada by going through the document. It shows the distinction between national government duties and provincial government’s functions. There are some devolved aspects that the federal government has delegated to the provincial governments while others such as national security are left to the national government.

 

References

Russell, P. H., & Leuprecht, C. (2011). In Essential Readings in Canadian constitutional politics. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.(pg 56-68)

Bélanger, C. (1998). Quebec, the Constitution, and Special Status – Readings – Quebec History

R Ruff, N. J. (2006, June 2). Provincial Government – The Canadian Encyclopedia.

Essay Writing Service Sample: International Significance

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Racism

Racism is an issue of international significance that concerns me because it divides society on the basis of the color of one’s sin. However, racism is far more entrenched than that because not only is it simplistically the discrimination based on one’s skin color, but almost everything else associated with these people. Racism subjects minority groups to unfair scrutiny that results in a negative outlook of everything about them, including their cultures, their origins and their traditions (Lentin 71). Racism is one of the cruelest ways of separating human beings in society because it unfairly biases individuals without taking serious considerations. Therefore, racism has limited human interaction all around the world because it forces one group of people to look down on others.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Racism is a matter of concern because it means that human beings will never be united together in common understanding. Racism limits cultural interactions, and this, in turn, creates unnecessary tensions in the community that can be done without. The problem of racism is that the opposite is truly bliss because everybody in society can live together harmoniously and contribute to a rich cultural heritage (Eliav-Feldon, Isaac and Ziegler 48). [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]Racist tendencies take away the belief that all communities can live peacefully with each other and share their cultures in such a way that there is global cultural assimilation. The continuous perpetuation of racism all around the world is a matter that concerns me because it means that human beings will never be able to live peacefully with each other. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Works Cited

Eliav-Feldon, Miriam; Isaac, Benjamin and Ziegler, Joseph. The Origins of Racism in the West. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Lentin, Alana. Racism: A Beginner’s Guide Oxford: One World, 2008.

Essay Writing Sample: Selected Poems of Wilfred Owen

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An analysis of selected poems by Wilfred Owen

Wilfred Owen is the writer of arguably some of the best war poetry written in English. He is commonly compared to Keats and Shelley who are often cited as his major influences.  Owen began writing poems in his teenage years, mostly on current issues. His experiences after enlisting in the British Army during World War One inform his verse, detailing the horrors he witnessed in the form of endless marches, howling shells, the filth in the trenches and attacks with poison gas, and capturing the brutal and irrational nature of wars (Academy of Poets). There are some events that sparked Owen’s creativity, including his convalescence at Craiglockhart hospital in the summer of 1917, the sessions with a psychiatrist that brought out his internal struggles with Christianity, brotherhood and friendship and most of all his friendship with fellow soldier Siegfried Sassoon.

The two of them agreed on most matters; the need for the war to end and the misuse of nationalism by rulers who sent young men on the battlefield to die for the cause. Sassoon later introduced Owen to a London editor by the name of Robert Ross who then introduced Owen to other poets such as Thomas Hardy and Robert Graves. Owen’s work received a warm reception from critics, and he was pleased to be part of this community (Academy of Poets). [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]Owens poems include, among others: “Maundy Thursday”, “Greater Love”, “Apologia pro PoemateMeo”, “Parable of the Old Men and the Young”, “Arms and the Boy”, “Anthem for the Doomed Youth”, “Dulce et Decorum est” and “Futility” (Owen & Stallworth, 8). These poems, which this paper will analyze, cover some themes such as the irrationality of war and its surreal nature, the love and respect for his fellow soldiers, the complicated relationship between the church and state and immorality of war.

Owen’s poem “Maundy Thursday” shows the apparent distaste Owen had for the Christian religion. The poem was composed in 1915, two years after Owen had practiced as an assistant to the Vicar of Dunsden (Owen & Stallworth, 12). It describes a Christian mass where the congregation, one by one, approaches the altar to kiss the silver cross in held by a server lad with brown hands. Owen’s description of the men as ‘lugubrious but not sad’ implies that the people take the act as a simple gesture and not a statement of their faith. They seem to attend the Mass out of habit and not conviction. The women, on the other hand, seem to worship the real presence represented by the cross. While their faith is genuine, they phrase “their mouths are meek” implies that religion does not require the independent-minded, rather, those who can submit to it. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The children are too young, and their imaginations run wild, Owen uses the reference to a silver doll to portray the fact that they may not understand the implications of the gesture. Owen goes through all the necessary motions, kneeling and bending his head to kiss the ‘thing.’ In my opinion, Owen’s description of the Christ as “thin cold and very dead” makes his participation in the process seem rather routine and pointless. However, Owen continued to edit this poem at the time he was hospitalized for shell shock at Craiglockhart, which demonstrates the enduring relevance of this poem during the war

In “Greater Love” Owen rejects the idea of common love. By contrasting red lips which are usually indicative of romance to stones stained by English blood, beautiful eyes to the eyes blinded by Owen in battle. The exquisiteness of love’s attitude to the limbs cut by knives, love’s voice to that which sighs through a ‘raftered loft’ or those voices stopped by death. The hands of one peppered with shots being hotter and larger than other hands and those as pale as those who carry the cross through “through flame and hail.”

Many critics have analyzed this poem as having a theme of gender and sex. In particular, James Najarian’s article on Owen and the theme of eroticism portrays “Greater Love” as advocating for the bonds that may exist among men and slightly denigrates normative heterosexuality. He interprets the poem as being an argument by Owen that states the potential of same-sex love to be greater because it cannot be corrupted by traditional roles and diluted by common gestures that are usually deemed poetic. He further states that Owen compares heterosexuality to ‘kindness’ ascan become “rapidly pedestrian.” Najarian reiterates the purity of same-sex love based on the fact that it cannot be diluted by current poetic expression (Najarian, 6). However, I am of the opinion that “Greater Love” is simply descriptive of the suffering in the trenches of young soldiers who die an untimely death and the brutality of war contrasted with normal life.

“Parable of the Old man and the Young” is another of Owen’s poems that shows his complicated relationship with Christianity. Using the story from the Bible of Abraham being instructed by God to sacrifice his only son Isaac only for God to provide a ram at the last minute. Owen narrates how the English rulers (Najarian, 11) misconstrue an act that was initially honorable (the sacrifice of Isaac, Abrahams only son, to God). And further their selfish agenda (refusing to slaughter the lamb of pride and instead of slaughtering Isaac and later half the children of Europe, one by one) (Owen & Stallworth, 18).

Owen views the war as an unnecessary pain for the nation, brought about only by the rulers’ selfish agenda and pride.

In “Arms and the Boy,” Owen portrays the unnaturalness of weapons. In the first stanza, someone, quite likely the masters of the war, instructs the young boy to touch the bayonet blade. This act is meant to make the young boy get excited about the weapons he will soon have to use, which is ironic. The bayonet is described as a bloodthirsty animal with a “hunger for blood,” it is described as insane, “Blue with all malice” like “a madman’s flash.”  The chaos that the weapon can cause seems unpredictable and crazed.  In the second stanza, the boy is seduced into using these weapons, with descriptions like “blunt bullet-heads” and “cartridges of fine zinc teeth.” Finally, by contrasting the gentle nature of the boy with sharp and animal like teeth and talons, Owen proves once again the brutal nature of war for which man was not created.

“Anthem for Doomed Youth” is evidently a lament for the dead, an opinion on Owen’s experience of war as opposed to an account of the experience itself. By contrasting the loud sounds of battle to Britain’s ‘sad shires’ where loved ones mourn the loss of their dead. “Anger of the Guns” implies that the soldiers behind the guns were not angry and the citizens probably had more hatred for the enemy than the soldiers at the front lines. The sadness can only be seen in the eyes of the boys and brows of the girls, as dusk near, signifying the doom of youth. This poem makes mourning for the dead seem pointless as it can do little to bring them back.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

“It is sweet and honorable, to die for one’s country” is a quote from Owen’s poem, “Dulce et Decorum est.” In it, he describes a troop of weary soldiers marching in the night, so tired that they do not hear the shells dropping. When they are finally warned of the impeding danger of poisonous gas, it is too late for one of them who is later carried on a cart while gurgling blood from his destroyed lungs. Amidst all this, Owen implies that those back at home still deem war as honorable, yet they know not of the suffering at the frontlines. Owen’s description of the event is harshly written and leaves one with a distaste for the notion of going to war for the country’s honor.

Finally, Owen uses “Futility” to bring out the grief associated with war. The poem is set on the frontline on a bright morning upon the passing of a soldier. Owen ponders the futility of nature that gives life only also to give the possibility of its extinction. He uses imagery of the sun by contrasting its warmth and vitality with its inability to wake up the dead soldier as it once would. Owen seems perplexed as to the sun’s ability to wake the seeds and yet could not stir the still warm insides of a man. The futility of the situation is how nature could give life and yet watch idly by as that same life wastes away (Bateson, 34).

As shown in the summary of some Owen’s work, his poems succeeded in aptly describing war and the internal conflict it brought in a person and in nature itself.

Works Cited

Academy of Poets.”Wilfred Owen – Poet | Academy of American Poets.”Wilfred Owen | Academy of American Poets,

 

BATESON, F. W. “The Analysis of Poetic Texts: Owen’s ‘Futility’ and Davie’s ‘The Garden Party’.” Essays in Criticism, vol. XXIX, no. 2, 1979, pp. 156-164.

 

Najarian, James. Victorian Keats: Manliness, Sexuality, and Desire. Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.

 

Owen, Wilfred, and Jon Stallworthy.The Poems of Wilfred Owen.Norton, 1986.

Simcox, Kenneth. Wilfred Owen: Anthem for a Doomed Youth. Woburn P, 1987.

 

Write My Essay Sample: Rickets

 

Sample by My Essay Writer

Rickets is a common disease among children that causes the softening and weakening of bones often due to deficiency of vitamin D in the body for a prolonged period. The bones become prone to deformity and fractures. When vitamin D lacks then the absorption of phosphorus and calcium from the gastrointestinal tract becomes quite difficult leading to improper phosphorus and calcium standards in the bones (Mayo Clinic, 2016).

Rickets can also be brought about by genetic defects. This leads to a condition known as hypophosphatemic rickets that affects the processing of phosphates in kidneys resulting in low phosphate blood levels hence soft and weak bones. Some diseases can also lead to rickets such as renal, intestinal or hepatic diseases. These conditions can affect the absorption and metabolism of vitamins and minerals. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

There are risk factors for rickets. A risk factor is anything that has the probability of escalating the chances of developing a disease or condition. These factors include poverty because the poor cannot afford a balanced diet. Sunlight provides vitamin D. Therefore, children living in northern latitudes are more likely to suffer from rickets because of lack of enough sunlight resulting in them having to depend on vitamin D from a well laid down nutrition. Malnutrition can increase chances of getting rickets especially in areas experiencing starvation and drought. Premature birth can increase development of rickets. Dark skin reacts less to the sunshine, therefore, producing less vitamin D increasing chances of rickets.

Symptoms

You can tell a child is suffering from rickets if any of the following symptoms are observed:

  1. Tenderness in bones of pelvis, legs, spine or arms
  2. A floppy baby
  3. Pains in bones
  4. Fracturing of bones
  5. Stunted growth
  6. Delays in tooth formation
  7. Increase in tooth cavities
  8. An odd shape of the skull or a soft skull
  9. Bowed legs in toddlers;
  10. Wide wrists (Kim, 2015).

Diagnosis

In the case of suspicion of rickets here are different ways of diagnosing; Physical examination by a doctor. The doctor will lightly press the bones so as to check for pain or tenderness. The doctor will then recommend for more tests to ascertain the diagnosis such as: To measure phosphate and calcium levels in the blood; a blood test will be conducted. For the checking of bone deformities, a bone X-ray is performed. For the determination of the level of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the blood, an arterial blood gas is done (Kim, 2015).[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Treatment

The primary focus of treating rickets is the replacement of the missing mineral or vitamin in the body. A doctor can recommend that the child gets more exposure to sunlight, encourage intake of products rich in vitamin D like liver, eggs, milk and fish. In case you opt for supplements for vitamin D and calcium which are also treatments for rickets ensure you ask the doctor on the dosage which is given according to the size of the child. Braces can still be utilized in the case of skeletal deformities which help in the positioning back of bones (Kim, 2015). Corrective surgery is however administered in severe cases.

In case the cause of rickets is generic, the child can be prescribed active vitamin D hormones and phosphorus medications. If the cause is other diseases, then the disease has to be treated for rickets to be eliminated (Brunner, 2015).

Complications

A child becomes more prone to bone fractures if rickets goes untreated and if left in this state for long and the rickets are severe it may lead to permanent deformities of bones. There are also higher chances of seizure, breathing problems, and cramps due to low blood calcium levels. In rare cases, it may lead to the weakening of the heart muscles. There are also chances of stunted growth and an abnormally curved spine (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2016).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

 

References

Brunner, S. (2015, September 10). Rickets: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments – page 2 Medical News Today.

 

Kim, S. (2015, December 10). Rickets: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatments.

 

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2016, May 24). Symptoms and causes – Rickets – Mayo Clinic.

 

Essay Writing Service Sample: The Invasion of Iraq: Just or Unjust?

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In 2003 the US instituted an attack on Iraq which was met by Iraqi retaliation. These events led to the infamous Iraq war which resulted in the deaths of thousands of Iraqi citizens. It further led to the displacement of millions of Iraqis with the first American Missile striking Iraq on March 20th and therefore marked the beginning of the war. Given the superior military and strategic resources that were available to the US, it took the US only three weeks to topple the prevailing administration in Iraq. Nonetheless, despite the immense glory, the Bush administration was the subject of increased criticism from several humanitarian organizations. Even before the war, several parties reinforced that the US was wrong in attacking Iraq. These sentiments are justified since the US was unjustified in attacking Iraq. Several factors attest to this reality.

Misleading Evidence on Weapons of Mass Destruction

One of the major factors that led to the attack on Iraq was the US supposition that there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq (Pan, 2003). Even then, the US was committed to ensuring that weapons of mass destruction such as nuclear bombs were not in production in any given country. This is because such weapons pose a threat to the peace and safety of the American people. Nonetheless, at the end of the war, there were no were weapons of mass destruction that had been discovered in Iraq. Before the war, Iraq had indicated clearly that it was not producing nor employing weapons of mass destruction. However, US intelligence, based on misinformed intelligence prevailed that there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq (Isikoff & Corn, 2006 ).

By the time the war was ending in Iraq, the US had not a shred of evidence to back their assertions on the presence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. Iraq had ceased the production of weapons of mass destruction in the early 1990s. The initial war on Iraq by the Bush Sr. administration had rid the country of every weapon of mass destruction. In the 1980s Iraq comprised one of the major users of weapons of mass destruction (MacAskill, 2004). However subsequent administrations, to claim to power, had quickly determined that production of weapons of mass destruction posed a threat to their authority. It was the duty of the Bush administration to assess and verify the pieces of evidence that had been extended to them concerning the presence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Financial Cost of the War

The Iraq war, despite its military conclusion in 2003, spanned a duration of 8 years. In the eight years, the US committed to helping rebuild Iraq. When the war ended, the majority of the coalition forces that had helped the US in its war initiative, withdrew their troops from the war. The US was left with the responsibility of solely rebuilding the Iraqi State. This comprised a financial burden to the American taxpayers. In times of war, troop welfare is sustained by the taxpayer. In the eight years of war, the US has had to spend over 5 billion dollars (Isikoff & Corn, 2006 ). These funds were employed indirectly enhancing the successes of the military engagements in the Iraq country. Furthermore, the larger amount of these funds were also spent on weapons which greatly accelerated the financial costs that the US had to bear. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The US, given that no weapons of mass destruction were found, was compelled to service all the infrastructural damage that they had imposed on Iraq. Therefore, a significant portion of the Federal budget was committed to this initiative. These funds were intended to address the reconstruction of physical structures that had been felled in the war. The cost of the war amounted to over 751 billion dollars which is a figure that represents over eight times of the initial costs that had been projected at the start of the war (Filkins, 2009 ). The US further was forced to service veteran health benefits which brought the cost to over a trillion mark. The financial implications of the war on the US economy reinforce the illegality of the war.

Human Costs

The war resulted in the death of over one thousand Americans while the Iraqi population was slashed by about a half as a result of the war. Over 1 and a half million Iraqis comprise casualties of the war (Pan, 2003). War results in the death of several both the intended and the unintended. There is no metric that can be employed to justify the death over a million individuals based on the mistakes made by their leaders. The people of Iraq had not wronged the US,  neither had they indicated their support for Saddam Hussein’s actions. It is common knowledge that Saddam Hussein was a dictator and promoted brutality against the people of Iraq. The people of Iraq did little to deserve the casualties that befell them as a result of the war. The US should have sought other means to mitigate the threat posed by Saddam Hussein’s actions (Filkins, 2009 ). There are several diplomatic avenues that could have been employed by the US to topple Saddam Hussein from his position. For instance, economic sanctions and embargos on Iraqi products would have crippled the economy of Iraq and inspired an internal rebellion.

Tarnished Reputation

The surge of extremism against the US comprises one of the implications of the Iraq war. The UN among many other humanitarian organizations, given the human costs of the war, has repeatedly criticized the Bush administration for the intervention they engaged in mitigating the threat posed by Saddam Hussein. The UN prevailed that there were several non-violent frameworks, such as the ICC, which would have been employed in curtailing the threat posed by Hussein’s regime to the American people (Filkins, 2009 ). Countries which had initially been the allies became more aggressive to the United States. For instance, Saudi Arabia, a great friend of the US, had tacitly indicated loathe for the decision undertaken by the US. In attacking Iraq, the US overlooked these sentiments which resulted in the bad blood between the two nations to present day. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Counter Arguments

Regardless of the realities of the war on the American people and the global community, the proponents of the war prevail that the war did more good than bad (Pollak, 2015). In reinforcing their stands, the proponents prevail that there was a need to enforce the international laws. The international laws prevail that no country should be allowed to produce weapons of mass destruction (Isikoff & Corn, 2006 ). Proponents of this argument prevail that more countries would be willing to openly flout the international regulations if Iraq had not been made to suffer consequences. Nonetheless, this premise is invalid given that there were no weapons of mass destruction that were found in Iraq. The attack was inspired by hearsay and inconclusive evidence. The US should have instead solicited the counsel of the United Nations body and instituted a collective attack on Iraq upon confirmation of the presence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.

The proponents further indicate that Iraqi citizens are better off today than they were before the war (Pollak, 2015). Saddam Hussein was dictatorial and repeatedly tortured political opponents and dissidents. He thrived on the fear of the Iraqi people and repeatedly threatened their peace. Therefore, in attacking Iraq, the US was aligned towards the liberation of the Iraq people. This assertion is not necessarily true given that the State of the citizens of Iraq remains under threat. Since the disposition of the Hussein regime, the political administration of Iraq has never stabilized (MacAskill, 2004). More people have been forced to flee their homes to escape the malignant grasp of authoritarian and brutal sects in the country. Divergent extreme groups, in the knowledge that political authority in the region had been left bare, rushed to secure authority for themselves (MacAskill, 2004). This inspired infighting which resulted in the destruction of even more property, the death of more Iraqis and the displacement of an even greater number of individuals. Iraqis are now at the mercy of philanthropism as a result of the war. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Conclusion

The dominant opinion in the global community reinforces that the Iraq war was unjustified. There are several reasons as to why the US should not have attacked Iraq. To begin with, despite initial allusions to the presence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, none were found at the end of the war. Furthermore, the war resulted in the deaths of over 1 million Iraqis which comprise a humanitarian crisis. Alternatively, as a result of the war, the American taxpayer has been forced to service the costs that arose from the war. To preempt a repeat of an unfounded attack in the future, there is a need to determine the validity of pieces of evidence before taking action. This will ensure that an attack is based on real and legal premises.

References

Filkins, D. (2009 ). The forever war. NY: Vintage.

Isikoff, M., & Corn, D. (2006 ). Hubris: The inside story of spin, scandal, and the selling of the Iraq War. OR: Broadway Books.

MacAskill, E. (2004, January 27). Iraq war unjustified says human rights group.

Pan, E. (2003, October 17). Iraq: Justifying the War.

Pollak, J. B. (2015, May 19). Five reasons the Iraq War was not a mistake.