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Most Christians are under the impression that when God instituted any of his covenants, all the previous covenants were abolished. However, all God’s covenants in the Old Testament overlap each other, except the Adamic Covenant, and even covenants such as Davidic covenants are fulfilled in the New Testament. This essay compares Davidic covenant to Mosaic and Abrahamic covenants as well as demonstrate the fulfillment of the Davidic covenant in the New Testament.
Abrahamic and Davidic covenants are operating in the New Covenant, but the Mosaic covenant is not. The Abrahamic Covenant overlaps Mosaic and Davidic covenant periods and is hugely fulfilled in the New Covenant. From Galatians 3:16-18, it is evident that the Abrahamic Covenant was not left behind by the start of the Mosaic Covenant. Romans 4:6-12 confirms that David prophesied the Abrahamic covenant continued into David’s reign, many years after the Mosaic covenant began (Scott, p 5). In the Abrahamic covenant, God declared this covenant everlasting, which means that it did not cease when the following agreements began. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
The Mosaic Covenant overlaps the Davidic Covenant, and the ceremonial features of this agreement were finished at the Messiah’s death. Moral parts of the Mosaic Law were applied in the New Covenant period to nonbelievers who believed that those who failed to abide by the Mosaic Law suffered a death penalty that involved physical and spiritual death. The formal aspects of the Mosaic covenant such as offerings, blood sacrifices applied to the Israelites to the original giving of the Mosaic Law up until the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Davidic covenant is partly fulfilled in the new covenant and overlaps part of the Mosaic covenant. 2nd Samuel 7:12-17 is evidence that a descendant of David would fulfill the David Covenant. To some extent, Solomon fulfilled this covenant, but Jesus Christ fulfilled the promise in a deeper sense as the Messiah (Scott, p 6-11). Verses such as Hebrew 1:5 show that Jesus Christ would fulfill the Davidic covenant and sit on David’s throne as the King Of Kings. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]
The Abrahamic and Davidic covenant are called grant promises or covenants of promise while the Mosaic covenant was likened to a suzerain-vassal treaty. In the Abrahamic and Davidic covenant, God makes commitments to His people, and the covenant represented God’s obligation to His people. Abrahamic and Davidic covenant protected the rights of Gods people, and God made promises and little or no demands on His people. However, the Mosaic covenant was different because God imposed obligations in the form of laws and rituals to the people of Israel. The mosaic covenant represented the Israelites’ commitment to God to please God or lest they face punishment for disobeying the imposed rules and rituals. Under the Mosaic covenant, failure by the Israelites to conform to the covenant, would lead to a curse or covenant failure including the possession of the Promised Land. However, in the Davidic covenant, the treacherous conduct of any of the rulers did not threaten the realization of God’s promises to His people.
The reigns of King Hezekiah, Josiah and Manasseh, were a clear demonstration of the relationship between the Davidic and Mosaic covenants. Provisions in the Mosaic covenant offered a measuring yardstick for their reign (Kimble, p 861-865). Their reign taught the Israelites the importance of having a God-fearing king, keeping the covenant, and relying on God’s mercy and deliverance. The King doubled as the Covenant administrator, and he was to trust God to deliver. Israelites’ obligation was to remain loyal to Yahweh. The Davidic king was to lead his people in observing the Torah. Therefore, there lies a significant convergence between the Mosaic and Davidic covenants. The Davidic ruler was to epitomize the standards of the Mosaic Covenant. However, lack of conformity of the Mosaic Law in the Davidic period did not determine whether God would bring the realization of the provisions of the Davidic covenant. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]
Promises in the Davidic covenant anticipate the coming of David’s descendant who would rule in obedience to God’s covenant. The Davidic covenant is unconditional, and it was made between David and God through God’s promises to the Israelites that the Messiah would come from David’s lineage, the tribe of Judah, and establish an everlasting kingdom. Unlike the Mosaic and Abrahamic covenants, Davidic covenant was unconditional because God did not place conditions of obedience upon its fulfillment (Kimble, p 866-870). The guarantee of God’s promises rested exclusively on God’s faithfulness.
Kimble, Jeremy M. “Book Review: Kingdom through Covenant.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 58.4 (2015): 861-870.
Scott, Rickie S. “Covenant, Kingship, Grace, Sacrifice, and Prophetism in the Old Testament.” The Kabod 2.1 (2015): 5.