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Write My Essay Sample: Violation of FERPA and the PSC Code of Ethics

 

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Regardless of where they were having the conversation, these teachers violated FERPA and the PSC Code of Ethics on several counts. Beyond that, they showed poor judgment by making defamatory remarks about a student and his mother in a public place. This situation is tricky because the teachers were having a conversation outside of school. Not only that, the conversation wasn’t recorded in any way that fits the definition given in the FERPA regulations. The regulations define “records” as “any information recorded in any way, including, but not limited to, hand writing, print, computer media, video or audio tape, film, microfilm, and microfiche” (20 U.S.C. 1232g). FERPA allows conversation between educators related to student records if there is a legitimate educational interest. The educators at the bar weren’t having a professional discussion related to education, they were maligning a student and his mother. They identified the student and the mother by name. Under FERPA, names are most definitely considered “personally identifiable information.” (34 CFR Part 99).  Despite not being recorded, the conversation does violate FERPA and there have been court cases regarding situations very similar to this one.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

It is even easier to see that these educators violated the PSC Code of Ethics. They have strict rules about confidential information and the ethical treatment of it:

Unethical conduct includes but is not limited to: sharing of confidential information concerning student academic and disciplinary records, health and medical information, family status and/or income, and assessment/testing results unless disclosure is required or permitted by law. (O.C.G.A. § 20-2-200)

The educators didn’t exactly start announcing Dean’s grades, but they did make it clear that he was a poor student who behaved badly. They then clearly identified his mother and defamed her as well. There was no legitimate educational reason for these educators to be discussing this student and certainly not in this way. Recently the Family Policy Compliance Office (FPCO) has taken a hard line against this sort of unprofessional gossip. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

  1. Assuming there is a FERPA violation, can Ms. Green sue – the teachers? -the school district? -you?

Disciplinary action for the educators would begin with a complaint filed with the FPCO. They would investigate and the educators would face disciplinary action if they were found guilty of violating FERPA. Discipline can include anything from temporary work suspension to prosecution if any laws were broken. In this case, I believe Ms. Green does also have legal grounds to sue for defamation of character. Regardless of the obvious FERPA violation, the educators have potentially harmed Ms. Green’s reputation as well as her son’s.

Defamation can be difficult to prove, as it is often based on unrecorded conversations, gossip and other unreliable forms of communication. The gray area of defamation law is that it often butts up against freedom of speech. In the case of the gossiping teachers, however, I don’t believe Ms. Green would have any problems proving that she and her son had been publicly defamed.

Though the laws vary by state, defamation is based on a statement that is published, false, injurious and unprivileged. The conversation between the teachers qualifies as a statement and when the bartender overheard it, it became “published.” The teachers said that Dean was a terrible student and his mother, Ms. Green, was an idiot. Then they said she would probably let her son eat paint chips. Each one of these comments could qualify as “injurious” to someone’s character. The last qualifier for a defamation claim is “unprivileged.” In some situations, “free speech is so important that the speakers should not be constrained by worries that they will be sued for defamation.” (Doskow, n.d.) In this case, the conversation as definitely unprivileged; there was no greater good to be achieved by these educators having that conversation.

As I mentioned before, there have been cases recently that greatly resemble this situation. In 2011, a principal mentioned a student’s name, his grades, and that he was disabled in a conversation with a fellow staff member. This conversation took place outside of school, but was overheard by someone who knew the student. A complaint was filed and the FPCO found that the principal had violated FERPA during the conversation. While it is often necessary for educators to share information about students, the FPCO has begun shining a light into the gray area between educators sharing professional information and just plain gossiping:

FERPA certainly does prohibit school employees from sharing education records and information derived from education records with school employees who do not have a legitimate educational interest.  And FERPA, not to mention common sense and common courtesy, dictates that such sharing should never take place in public, where it may be overheard by other parents or students. (Sutton, 2012).

  1. What is Ms. Green’s recourse, if any, for this situation?

            Ms. Green has several avenues for recourse in this situation. She can explore her state’s laws on defamation of character and most likely successfully sue the educators. The FPCO has disciplinary measures for violations. They often begin with a warning, but these disciplinary measures don’t just affect the educators who violate FERPA. FERPA applies to any educational facility that receives funding from the U.S. Department of Education. The Department of Education can remove funding from any educational institution that violates FERPA. The Act clearly states that FERPA is a list of “conditions for availability of funds to educational agencies or institutions.” (20 U.S.C. § 1232g). So while I, as the principal, would most likely not go to prison or have to pay any personal fines, the school and/or the school district would suffer greatly without funding from the Department of Education. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Though she could sue based on defamation of character, Ms. Green cannot personally sue the school or anyone involved based on a FERPA violation. In order to see any disciplinary measures handed to the school, Ms. Green will need to use the appropriate channels. Before she jumps into a legal battle with the school district or hires a lawyer to sue, she needs to file a complaint with the FPCO. The educators who were discussing her and her son might do this often. They showed, at the very least, poor judgement and, at worst they were maliciously gossiping with no mind about who might hear them. Ms. Green can file a complaint in writing. It must be submitted in writing within 180 days of the incident by a parent or a student over 18. The written complaint “must contain specific allegations of fact giving reasonable cause to believe that a FERPA violation has occurred.” (Family Policy Compliance Office, n.d.). The waitress was obviously able to remember what the educators said, so there is at least one reliable witness to this violation. Considering the FPCO’s careful monitoring of information privacy, I believe that Ms. Green and her son would be able to show that FERPA was violated.

References

Code of Ethics for Educators, O.C.G.A. § 20-2-200; 20-2-981 through 20-2-984.5

Doskow, E. (n.d.) Defamation Law Made Simple.

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), 20 U.S.C. § 1232g.

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), 34 CFR Part 99.

Family Policy Compliance Office. (n.d.) Filing a Complaint Under the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA).

Sutton, K. (2012, August 11). FPCO Finds FERPA Violation Based on “Gossip” Between School Employees.

Essay Writing Sample: Rhetorical Analysis

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The Power of Narrative in Election Speeches

“When preparing your speech, ensure you use soul catching words, watertight evidence and easy to follow transitions.” These are typical pieces of advice communication skills tutors give while teaching on speech. People deliver speeches in different events thereby applying their generative ideas in convincing their audience (Rodney, 2012). Occasions that demand well-prepared speeches for persuasion may include teaching, politics, churches or any other place where people gather. A particular interest lies in the policy, particularly presidential elections, where contenders for the same use the powers of speech like ethos, pathos, and logos (Shapiro, 2016). These are the proposals by Aristotle that scales how people organize their speeches to convince listeners (Rodney, 2012). This paper analyzes how the American campaigns utilize these together with the powers of narratives from the main presidential candidates, Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump.

Democratic presidential hopeful Sen. Barack Obama D-Ill., speaks at a rally at Muhlenberg College in Allentown, Pa., Monday, March 31, 2008.(AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

Speeches by Donald Trump to the voters come in rough facts and tempers. He has several ideas and examples from sources and actions from the former leaders. He can criticize the competitors and bring in the ideas to the people. His speeches are different from written ones in a way that gives a hard time for analysis of transitions and transcriptions. For Hillary, her information softly drives into the emotions. She has a command of patience and humility in her words. Her way of talking creates imagery to the listeners and leaves them to decide for themselves in humble ways, according to Fridah (2016). An audience to the two speakers draws lessons from the different ideas and facts they use to convince the people. Through these various ways, a linguist can draw several lessons from the two campaigners and their strength in the delivery styles (Shapiro, 2016). [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The appeals on a personality that each presidential candidate presents to the people are different. From their past records and service to the public, it is not easy to have doubts about their abilities. The credibility of the people allows them to draw points from everywhere and convince the voters of the likely work they can do to them (Fridah, 2016). Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton have clear records of their work from the past to the time when they now seek election to the highest office in the land. The slogans “Make America great again” and “stronger together” for Trump and Clinton respectively, appear different but can convince the people to believe in the two (Matt, 2016). The ethical values they draw create appeals to the listeners.

The ideas of each presidential candidate come from the sources they cite and statistical figures they present. Hillary agrees to the fact that she can make the people of America more united for a greater future. She implores the powers of her narrations to the American identity around the world. She plays more of the mental awareness that the people of America will be strong while together (Fridah, 2016). These are ideas they try to sell to the outside world as well and make them aware of the future conditions of the country and relationship to the world. In her logos appeal, she makes her campaigns more credible by invitations of the current first lady Mitchell Obama to her conferences. Barrack Obama is famous for his oratory skill as well and appears once in a while to campaign for Hillary. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The case of Donald Trump is to create fear within the people of America and make them emotionally attached. He has figures of the different events in the history of America on how the country lost her pride. These have relations to war and volunteering activities to other countries. He points evil in the world and ways in which the involvement of America lowered its influence (Matt, 2016). These are concepts that keep people worried about the future. Sometimes, he connects the international relations to the problems in America like terrorism. He appeals to the people that his reelection will instill discipline within the state. He implores these pathos appeals.

The emotions of the people will determine if the power of a speech to influence their reasoning. Evidence and credibility of the speaker both combine to convince the listeners. The experiences of most people in relations to the issues the candidates raise herein will either convince or bring down these events. Shapiro, (2016) adds that the power with which these speeches and the evidence raise the inward thoughts of the people matters. For the Americans, they have two contradicting personalities and reasons for elections. As Hillary Clinton comes with a soft but determined appeal, Donald Trump presents a thunderous way of handling activities of the state.

WASHINGTON, DC – JANUARY 20: President Donald Trump delivers his inaugural address on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol on January 20, 2017 in Washington, DC. In today’s inauguration ceremony Donald J. Trump becomes the 45th president of the United States. (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images) *** BESTPIX ***

The results that the Americans expect for their country will call for their choices. If they feel their nation needs to be great again, they will remain skewed towards the ideas of Trump. In other considerations, they may want to remain united and create smooth relationships with the outside world (Matt, 2016). The latter creates an emotional bond between them and Hillary, allowing choices by application of logos. Finally, these ideas are about change, and none would deem right than the other. The people will decide whom they thought was right.

To conclude the American people are watching the campaigners in the coming elections. They have the ideas of what they need and want for their countries. The candidates are credible enough and can attract people’s attentions. The examples and statistical proofs to convince voters are the pathos appeals. Their powers to sway the people emotionally are their logos appeals. According to Aristotle, these are how people gain confidence from writings, other speakers, and presentations. They can make the right choices from these.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

References

Fridah, G. (2016, November 5). The world is watching America’s election. CNN.

Matt, F. (2016, October 19). When Hillary Clinton tested new slogans — 85 of them. The New

York Times.

Rodney, D. (2012). The persuasive appeal of the chronicler: A rhetorical analysis (3rd Ed.).        Sheffield, England: Almond Press.

Shapiro, J. (2016). Lawyers, liars, and the art of storytelling: using stories to advocate,    influence, and persuade. Chicago, IL: ABA Publishing, American Bar Association.

Essay Writing Service Sample: Intellectual Disability

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Introduction

Brief Description of the Situation

Alzheimer is a degenerative neurological condition that destroys the brain cells in a slow and progressive manner. The danger of this illness increases with time affecting an estimated 1 in 14 people over the age of 65 and 1 in every six people over the age of 80. Thus, this essay describes Alzheimer disease as an intellectual disability that is common among senior people from age 65 to 85. Alzheimer’s disease came into being after its discovery by Dr. Alois Alzheimer – a German psychiatrist, and pathologist in 1906. The disease trajectory characterizes itself by protein build up in the brain to form structures that inhibit the normal development and operation of the brain. This leads to the growth of foreign structures in the brain otherwise known as ‘plaques’ and ‘tangles’. These structures, according to Alzheimer’s Society (2015), lead to a disrupted connection between the nerve cells and the brain tissues, hence denatures the nerve cells. With chemical massagers that help to decode information to the brain destroyed, individuals suffer severe memory loss leading to Alzheimer’s disease (Boyd, 2010).

Description of the Disability, Prevalence, and Intervention

The disease is more common among senior people from age 65 to 85 and affects slightly more women as compared to men. People with Alzheimer disease live for around 8 to 10 years after they start to develop symptoms. Some individuals with this condition can live longer than this given the fact that the condition varies significantly from one personality to another. The disease is considered a disability because it has some risk factors (Goodey, 2014, p56).  The risk factors include increasing age, previous severe head injuries, and family history of the condition and everyday life factors as well as conditions that are associated with cardiovascular sickness. For instance, the symptoms develop gradually and become more severe over the course of several years. There is a general decline in all areas of mental ability; memory, thinking, and language resulting in substantial repercussions on behavior. However, timely diagnosis of Alzheimer disease can give the affected people the best chance to prepare as well as plan for the future (Burack, 2012, p. 53).  Medication helps relieve some of the symptoms and slow down the progression of the condition in some people. Additionally, psychological treatments contribute to support the memory, language ability and problem-solving skills of the people affected by the disease. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

 

Perspectives of Who Supports the Intervention

Since Alzheimer disease is a devastating and debilitating neurodegenerative condition, it requires previous responses. For my case, I support the creation of innovative community based support on the social and behavioral program for women suffering from the condition. The program will substantially offer creativity and recognition of the disease over the years. However, the program is committed to evaluating and designs scientifically proven techniques which accommodate the degenerative course of the disease. The program successfully addresses the goals and the needs as well as the evaluation of applying creative and robust treatment to people who have Alzheimer’s disease. Evidently, the program actively involves people in addressing current problems for the future (Foreman, 2013, p.34).  The goals of the treatment reflect the best interest of people with the disease. Addressing and achieving the goals of decreasing depression among people suffering from Alzheimer diseases contributes directly to the quality of life. Some government agencies have adopted this program and supported it both in ideas and finances to help achieve the desired goals and objectives. These organizations have emphasized community-based intervention programs to evaluate the anticipated outcomes for both the caregiver and the person with Alzheimer disease.

Perspectives of Who Does Not Support the Intervention

On the other hand, the program faced opposition from depressed individuals particularly men suffering from the disease by avoiding participating actively in the treatments offered. They suggested that the program does not reflect the interests of persons suffering from the disease. Further, they caused more controversial views concerning the program as an agency that was established to undermine the autonomy and dignity of individuals with dementia thus lacking real measurements tools for assessing interventions in severe dementia to accentuate the problem. Such remarks make the program to consider the ramifications of an intervention for all members suffering from the disease despite the gender disparity. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

 

The Level of Agency to Present the Case

Aging and Disability Resource Center is the level of a government agency where I will submit my issue of Alzheimer disease as an intellectual disability that is common among senior people from age 65 to 85. The agency provides a single and coordinated system of information that helps senior citizens with intellectual disability to seek long-term services as well as support. Ideally, the organization accomplishes the provision of reliable data, service access to older adults from 65 to 85, counseling and giving help to persons with disabilities. The agency facilitates the acquisition of services individualized to the unique and desires expressed by each. Central to such an endeavor, Aging and Disability Resource Center strives to empower and navigate health and long-term support by providing advice and assistance to the senior citizens who have Alzheimer’s disease (Race, 2014, p. 45).  The agency maintains rigorous quality assurance by helping people transition from hospitals and other institutional settings in the community. Thus, this is the best agency for implementing my innovative community based on the social and behavioral program for women. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here

Recommendations

The mission of Innovative community based on the social and behavioral program for females is to eliminate Alzheimer’s disease to provide and enhance care as well as support affected persons by reducing the danger of dementia through the support of brain health. Therefore, some of the recommendations include the following:

  • Provide proper screening and protective systems for dietary care
  • Assure proper nutrition and hydration to support pleasant and pleasurable life circumstances
  • Offer many prospects each day for providing a framework with a specific meaning, a sense of society as well as choice and fun.
  • To authorize people with dementia and their caregivers to make well-versed decisions

 

References

Alzheimer’s Society. (2015). What is Alzheimer’s disease? Leading the fight against dementia.

Boyd, M. (2010). Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis and treatments. Hauppauge, N.Y.: Nova Science.

Goodey, (2014). A history of intelligence and ‘intellectual disability’: The shaping of psychology

in early modern Europe. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

Foreman, (2013). Education of students with an intellectual disability: Research and practice.

Charlotte, NC: Information Age Pub.

Burack, (2012). The Oxford handbook of intellectual disability and development. New York: Oxford University Press.

Race, (2014). Intellectual disability: Social approaches. Maidenhead, England: Open University

Press, McGraw Hill Education.

Write My Essay Sample: Mothers’ Incarceration and Its Effects on Their Children’s Education

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Mothers’ Incarceration and Its Effects on Their Children’s Education

Arrigo, B. A., & Shipley, S. L. (2004). Introduction to Forensic Psychology (2nd ed.). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.

In this book, Arrigo and Shipley show how incarceration can negatively impact on the psychology of children whose mother is incarcerated. On this matter, mother’s incarceration is connected to the child’s poor psychological development since he/she always looks up to the mother for everything imaginable. Arrigo and Shipley’s book on the impact of incarceration suggests that parental incarceration leads to negative mental imprints on the children’s psychological health, developmental health, as well as their education. Thus, they recommend other correctional measures to be imposed on mothers, apart from incarceration. This is because mother’s incarceration directly affects children who are innocent.

In this Saturday, Oct. 7, 2017, photo, inmate Angela Rekoutis holds her daughter Ava during “Kids Day” at the Utah State Prison in Draper, Utah. For mothers behind bars, photos and the rare visit are a lifeline to their children, many of whom face their own struggles while their moms are serving prison time. (Scott Sommerdorf/The Salt Lake Tribune via AP)

Berg, J. (2011). Critical review of literature: Children of incarcerated parents (Master’s Thesis). University of Wisconsin–Stout, Menomonie.

Berg on his Master’s thesis on the impact of incarceration to the children defined several reasons as to why this would affect the child’s performance in school and even lag behind socially. The academic thesis by Berg critically examines other scholarly articles that offers the researcher readily available information on the effects of incarceration of mothers to the children’s behavior and learning. It is an academic paper showing the educational aspect of the child and how it is affected.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Chandler, M. A. (2015, November 13). How do parents in prison affect children in school? The Washington Post. Retrieved from

This is an online scholarly article that clearly shows how children in school can be affected by parents in prison. In most cases, the article emphasis on the incarcerated mother and the effects it has to the way the child socializes with others in school and the general performance. The article examines education as a discipline and how it would be impacted by either of the parents being in prison. The article has rich information on the various ways children are negatively affected. It also shows the reasons as to why the children’s education can be affected.

Covington, S. S., & Bloom, B. E. (2003). Gendered justice: Women in the criminal justice system. In B. Bloom (Ed.), Gendered justice: Addressing female offenders (pp. 1-20). Durham, NC: Carolina Academic. Retrieved from

On this academic online journal, Covington and Bloom explores the challenges that female offenders go through in prison. The thought of their children having no one to care for them, leaves them frustrated and wishing they were free once and for all to witness their children’s happiness. The article further asserts that this affects the children’s academic performance, social and spiritual growth.  It further checks on the psychological perspective of the child and the mother when she is incarcerated in prison. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

 

Fejes, K. E  & Miller, D. (2002). Assessing Gender-specific Programming for juvenile Female Offenders: Creating Ownership, Voice, and Growth. Journal of Correctional Education, 53(2), 58-64.

This educational journal by Fejes and Miller (2002) is a perpetual portrayal of how ill incarceration of mothers can be to their children’s learning. Correctional educational, however offered to the mothers in prison, is not enough to help their children who still suffer a lot back at home. They are unable to come into terms with the fact that their parents are in prison; away from them. According to the researchers the children could undergo psychological torture due to the stigma invoked on them by other children who continuously provokes them about their incarcerated mothers/parents.

Feldman, R., Weller, A., Leckman, J. F, Kuint, J., & Eidelman, A. I. (1999). The Nature of the Mother’s Tie to her Infant: Maternal Bonding under Conditions of Proximity, Separation, and Potential Loss. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40(6),

Feldman et al (1999) explore the different psychological problems the child would undergo if it happened that they were separated from each other. According to their explanation, the child and its mother bond well when they are together and this can be inseparable not unless the mother is incarcerated or death occurs. In such a case, the child grows psychologically abnormal where he/she experiences a lot of difficulties in life without the mother.

Glaze, L. E., & Maruschak, L. M. (2008). Parents in Prison and their Minor Children. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved from

This is a well researched article that is deeply relevant on the issue of the parents who are incarcerated while their children are suffering out there. Kids below the age of 10 years need their mother close to them on a daily basis.  Although simple as it might seem, this is a vital factor in the child’s mental development and if not well accorded to them, it can leave a damaging impact on the child’s psychology. The children are traumatized when they are taken to visit their parents in the prison to find them crying. On the other hand, the authors assert that this can greatly impact on the performance of the child in school as it is likely to dwindle as a result of this incarceration. In most cases the child will need a counselor in school who will keep the child hopeful of seeing their mother again.

Harris, Y. R., & Graham, J. A. (2010). Children of Incarcerated Parents: Theoretical       Developmental and Clinical issues. D. R. Carpenter et al. (Eds). New York, NY:           Springer

This is a well researched book that covers the psychological perspective of a child who has lost contact with his/her mum trough imprisonment. This book is more than thrilling as it expounds and gives examples of children affected by their parents especially mothers being incarcerated. The books on the other hand, points out on some of the most common conditions under which the child is tormented and psychologically ill. I would use the book to show some of the dire consequences incarceration of a parent could have on a child especially educationally.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Mumola, C. (2000). Incarcerated Parents and their Children. Washington, D.C: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

This is a legal document that indicates the rights that an incarcerated parent has on their kids even when they are still serving their sentences in jail. These parents still have a say and can contribute to their children’s lives although serving their terms on correctional facilities. On this aspect, the document spells out on the times and span the parent should be allowed to see and talk to their children and other family members. This can affect their children academically and even improve their grades greatly. I would use the article to show the government’s stand on incarcerated parent.

Sparks, S. D. (2015). Parent’s’ Incarceration Takes Toll on Children, Studies Say. Education Week, pp. 1-18.

Sparks writes a very detailed and well researched article on educational effect of incarceration on their children. On this aspect, it is clear that there is a huge impact felt on the child’s education due to the fact that the mother or one of the parent is imprisoned. The performance of the kid could go down since he/she lacks a suitable mentor and a friend. I would use the article to show how the incarceration toll has an effect on the children who are still on with their studies in school.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

References

Arrigo, B. A., & Shipley, S. L. (2004). Introduction to forensic psychology (2nd ed.). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.

Berg, J. (2011). Critical review of literature: Children of incarcerated parents (Master’s Thesis). University of Wisconsin–Stout, Menomonie.

Chandler, M. A. (2015, November 13). How do parents in prison affect children in school? The Washington Post.

Covington, S. S., & Bloom, B. E. (2003). Gendered justice: Women in the criminal justice system. In B. Bloom (Ed.), Gendered justice: Addressing female offenders (pp. 1-20). Durham, NC: Carolina Academic.

Fejes, K. E., & Miller, D. (2002). Assessing gender-specific programming for juvenile female offenders: Creating ownership, voice, and growth. Journal of Correctional Education, 53(2), 58-64.

Feldman, R., Weller, A., Leckman, J. F, Kuint, J., & Eidelman, A. I. (1999). The nature of the mother’s tie to her infant: Maternal bonding under conditions of proximity, separation, and potential loss. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40(6), 929-939.

Glaze, L. E., & Maruschak, L. M. (2008). Parents in prison and their minor children. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Justice.

Harris, Y. R., & Graham, J. A. (2010). Children of incarcerated parents: Theoretical developmental and clinical issues. D. R. Carpenter et al. (Eds). New York, NY: Springer.

Mumola, C. (2000). Incarcerated parents and their children. Washington, D.C: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Sparks, S. D. (2015). Parents’ incarceration takes toll on children, studies say. Education Week, pp. 1-18.

Woodard, T., & Copp, J. E. (2016). Maternal incarceration and children’s delinquent involvement: The role of sibling relationships. Children and Youth Services Review, 70, 340-348.

 

Write My Essay Sample: Personality Tests

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Personality tests are also referred to as psychological tests. A psychological test is a measure of an individual’s character based on how he/she answers a set number of questions. In the past, people tried to measure personalities using different methods. There is the Enneagram test which is understood as nine personality traits that are linked together. The Myers-Briggs is another personality test which was first introduced in 1962, Based on Carl Jung’s theory on personality traits, it still remains the most taken by people. Lastly, there is The Big Five test. Researchers analyze how individuals respond to personality questionnaires and come up with a way of summing up a person’s character. These tests can be useful at the workplace. This paper will discuss how each of these three methods captures a person’s personality; it will also describe the criticism of each method.

The Enneagram method of measure divides human personalities into nine behavioral types.  After taking the Enneagram test, the score is as follows:

  • Orderly 26%
  • Helpful 10%
  • Focussed 14%
  • Selfishness 14%
  • Intelligent 30%
  • Security concerns 58%
  • Full of adventure 30%
  • Aggressive 26%
  • Calm 46%

According to the Enneagram test that I took, my main type is 6 which I scored 14 marks which amounts to 58%. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

According to the research undertaken by Savich (2005) in the field of neuroscience, he explored the Enneagram into detail specifically on the functions of the brain. The research took him to a hypothesis connecting the Enneagram to patterns of asymmetric movements in the brain. People are put in a box for description purposes only, before undertaking the test.

The Myers Briggs is another personality test that I conducted. The results were as follows:

  • Extrovert 6%
  • Intuition 6%
  • Thinking levels 59%
  • Judgement 19%

Savich (2005) agrees that the Myers Briggs test indicator (MBTI) has mistakes. The psychometric test developed on Jung’s theory of the many types of personalities there are globally; you are placed in one on the 16 types of personalities. This is based on some of its categories such as being an introvert or an extrovert (2005). Savich (2005) asserts that one of the main problems with the (MBTI) is that it shows what is known as ”test-retest reliability”. I f you take the test after a month, you have a 50% chance of falling into a different personality category; therefore lacking credibility.

The last personality test that I took is the Big Five and here are the results:

  • Extrovert- 84%
  • Being in agreement with others- 3%
  • Conscientiousness- 62%
  • Neuroticism- 66%
  • Being open- 0%

The big five rankings change over time, Savich (2005) reports that any of the big five factor can’t stand alone as a variable (2005). Birth-order and gender can be connected to traits of being open. Extroversion generally decreases a person ages. There seems to be a connection between cultural factors in certain countries. Savich (2005) concludes by saying that the big five method is based on theory and it cannot accurately point to a specific behavior (2005).[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Finally, the outcomes of these personality tests have been found to be unreliable over a period of time. It is of utmost importance to remember that personality tests do have their limitations just like other forms of tests. However, these tests can have a positive response in the workplace while selecting employees. Further research needs to be conducted to show the reliability of the tests. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

References

Savich, P. (2005) Personality and the brain: A hackers journey through the enneagram and the emerging brain research.,NewYork, NY: Perennial.

Essay Writing Sample: Research Proposal Achieving Energy Sustainability through Solar Power Technology

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Achieving Energy Sustainability through Solar Power Technology

Introduction

In the past decade, there have been serious concerns about the impact of human activities on the environment and whether there is a possibility to adopt better ways of doing things that could create sustainability in the future. It is common knowledge that climate change has been around for some time and has been discussed highly within the political circles, the academia fraternity and in the media for a long time. In most of the instances, these discussions have attempted to project what impact this change may have in the future. However, climate change has already started hitting us hard in various ways. The icebergs on the poles are quickly melting. This has slowly led to the destruction of ecosystems that we ought to protect. It has led to rising sea lvels and acidification of water in the oceans. Pollution has also increased as the earth continues to feel the pressures of globalization and its effects in the future.

Greenhouse gases have led to global warming.  This has brought huge risks not only to our health but also to the health of animals in various ecosystems. It is time to act and develop sustainable solutions that can reverse the whole process and restore the ecosystem. This brings us to the idea of developing sustainable energy sources that are both renewable and easily available in our environment. The research proposal aims at developing a clear and well-articulated project that can be used to develop strategies that can be used to develop solar power as a major source of energy in the coming years. It also borrows the ideas of Elon Musk on why solar power technology is the next being thing in the modern world (Kannan & Vakeesan, 2016).

Research Purpose

Today, many companies in the automobile industry have developed car models that utilize electric energy. This is a move that is seen by many as one that will reduce the amount of fuel that is spent on vehicles in the future. An example is the Tesla Motor Company that uses electronic engines for its wide range of automobiles. These vehicles will in the future demand a lot of energy and solar power technology is seen as the best source of energy. It is preferably better as compared to wind energy which tends to be expensive and may at times not be available due to varying weather patterns within a given region. Elon Musk suggests that improving the technology that is used to make the lithium-ion batteries could be a huge step in understanding how various industries can take advantage of solar energy.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Research Rationale

The debate that arises from the best source of renewable energy to be integrated into the energy sector, one must consider the various characteristics of the currently available energy sources. The study will thereby delve into explaining why solar energy is better than wind energy. Solar energy is available as a free source from the sun. It only requires the setting up of solar panels so as to capture the sun rays and convert this into electricity. On the other hand, wind turbines tend to be expensive and often noisy thus making it difficult to be stationed at numerous places within a given jurisdiction. Some of the major issues to be addressed in the research include the design of solar panels and how solar power technology has evolved over time. Understanding these concepts would offer a reader significant information on the needs that must be implemented in the future so as to reduce climate change.

A concern that needs to be addressed in solar power technology is the length and life of these batteries. Today, many people do not see solar power technology as a sustainable resource since it has low potential and lasts for shorter times. Modern technology needs to be integrated into these batteries since many people would prefer to use other sources of energy such as fuel instead of electric energy.  This has been a concern observed in Tesla Motors that have a small range before they require charging. Adoption of appropriate technology would be the most appropriate route towards making these batteries stronger and offer significant energy for their operation.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

So as to integrate solar power energy technology in the modern era, the research also aims at coming up with strategies that can be used to create awareness on the need to move to renewable energy sources. This can be done through involvement of the media in sensitizing the need to use solar energy so as to protect the environment. Innovators must also ensure that only appropriate changes are made in the development and implementation of solar power technology in our modern lives. The research also aims at identifying the clear boundaries that must exist in the developments of solar energy in the future. Integrating solar power energy could also require sufficient goodwill from the government and authorities so as to create a situation that brings about such sustained success.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

If I am successful in undertaking this study, there are several implications that it may have in the future and on the energy sector. Energy needs have been on the rise with each increase in the world population. As a result, power bills have been consistently rising in our homes and in various industries that utilize considerable amounts of energy. The research study will clearly point out on how firms and even homes can cut down on their energy costs through the adoption of solar power technology. Today, billions of dollars are spent paying electricity bills in our homes, organizations, and within the industries (Gillingham et al, 2016). The research tends to propose how these units could develop easy solutions that could be implemented from the societal level up to the national level by the federal and state governments. Doing so could not only reduce the cost of energy, it could also lead to environmental protection. Such protection could lead to sustainability of both the society and the different corporations that are purported to contribute to the highest percentages of pollution. It could also lead to reduction in the rate of global warming that is currently observable across the globe.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Proposed Research Methodology

The proposed research methodology will utilize both primary and secondary sources of data and information.  In the primary sources of data, a number of interviews will be conducted and relevant questionnaires administered with an aim of unearthing current economic trends related to solar energy and solar panels. Mainly, this will focus on analyzing the future of renewable energy, specifically relating to Elon Musk. On the other hand, secondary sources will utilize both scholarly and non-scholarly articles. This proposed research will explore the initial stages of developing the proposed idea, the contemporary situation in the industry as well as the future endeavors and expectations.

References

Gillingham, K., Hao, D., Wiser, R., Darghouth, N. R., Nemet, G., Barbose, G., & … Changgui,

  1. (2016). Deconstructing Solar Photovoltaic Pricing: The Role of Market Structure, Technology, and Policy. Energy Journal, 37(3), 231-250.

Kannan, N., & Vakeesan, D. (2016). Solar energy for future world: – A review. Renewable &

Sustainable Energy Reviews, 621092-1105.

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Discussion

Families are now changing, and people are forced to adapt to such changes to face the challenges that come with failure to do the same. Households with both parents working are now facing the challenging of modifying the domestic roles. In many cases, men have maintained their roles as providers but then the pressure is increased on women, who have to engage in their professional jobs and then resume their domestic roles at home. This is likely to place immense pressure on the women and ultimately the family. My pastoral care approach would include improving the communication between Grace and Brandon.

Improving communication would guarantee transparency, in which Grace will share with Brandon on how she finds it difficult to manage both roles. In many disputes, communication is often the determining factor, and that could easily apply in this situation. Poor communication has failed to make Grace share with her husband that she finds it challenging to be a full-time homemaker and full-time worker. However, I do admire Grace for trying to balance these two roles. The fact that she has tried to balance the two roles for some time should make Brandon notice how difficult it has become. My approach would involve counseling these two to propose solutions on how to improve this situation. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Relying on spiritual leaders would not be a good idea for such an issue. Most spiritual leaders are known to have a rigid understanding of gender roles. I would expect a spiritual person to advice Grace to quit her job and devote her life towards serving her husband. Such advice would fail to consider the importance of her financial contribution in the house (Piterman, 2008). Should Grace fail to consider communication, then she risks a mental breakdown, and that could affect Brandon and their children. Therefore, Grace and Brandon have to discuss on how to share the domestic roles in the house. One proposal would be they get a house help to reduce the workload in the house.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Response 1

I would also propose that Grace discusses with her female friends on how they manage to balance their work and house roles. Obviously, she will find other female workers in her place of work. Such inquiries could provide her with insight on how to balance the two. She is likely to find different responses from her female colleagues. She should use her intellectual ability to weigh her options and consider the ones likely to work. For instance, if a colleague tells her that she shares the domestic roles with her husband then she has to consider the fact that Brandon is also a full-time worker. This option could be used before she approaches Brandon on the increased pressure. Therefore, this approach provides Grace with the chance to resolve the issue without involving Brandon by proposing a solution.

Response 2

Also, Grace and Brandon should consider the modern times and find an ideal way to solve such an issue. Finding a house help could be considered ideal since they are likely to increase their household income. Even though this seems to be the best solution, she will need to communicate with Brandon on why they stand to benefit from this arrangement. Even if they were to meet a professional to guide them through this challenge, it would be more convenient to find a professional rather than a religious person. Seeking help from spiritual leaders is likely to provide a solution that fails to comply with the modern times. People should learn to adapt to societal changes, and this now includes women getting active roles in management and even politics. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

References

Piterman, H. (2008). Women in management. The Leadership Challenge, 1-90.