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Write My Essay Sample: Culture

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Cultures Represented in My Community

Our community is a mix of people from different ethnicities and religious backgrounds; it is a stereotypical melting pot which is not that unusual since we live in the city and, as a result, are exposed to a more diverse array of people from different walks of life. Our home is located in an area that has a large Latin American population, a majority of which are Roman Catholics. Aside from this, there are some African American and Asian families, as well as a few Caucasian ones as well. There are a few specialty stores that specifically target people with Asian ethnicities but, aside from this, there is nothing unusual about the area.

 

Reviewing a Culture

For this cultural study on male circumcision, I chose to examine the Filipino culture. Interestingly enough, the correlation between male circumcision and religion is not as entrenched among Filipinos as compared to other cultures (ex: Jews). For example, the concept of circumcision among Jewish males is based on religious traditions that connotate the act with cleanliness, acknowledgment of who they are as a person and supposed protection against disease. In the case of Filipinos, circumcision is not considered a religious rite of passage; rather, it is more of a societal one (Lee, 2006). [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Circumcision is typically done later on in child’s life and is regarded as a way in which a boy progresses towards becoming a man. Individuals who opt not to get the procedure done are socially disparaged as lacking courage or “manliness.” Based on this example, it can be seen that circumcision is not always due to the need to conform with religious tradition; rather, it can also manifest as an established social practice (Lee, 2006).

Further analysis of this issue shows that circumcision among Filipinos did initially start as a religious tradition brought in by Spanish missionaries but eventually became less and less of a religious requirement. In fact, the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines does not even require its members to undergo circumcision and does not actively advocate for its implementation. Despite this, the practice has become such an entrenched aspect of Filipino society, both in the Philippines and abroad, that its origin based on religious practices has largely been forgotten. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

 

Response # 1

That is a fascinating perspective on the practice of circumcision, and I would not have thought about it in that way. Admittedly, I am somewhat unfamiliar with that particular culture, so my limited knowledge does work against me here. I do have a question, though, do you think that the practice should continue for this particular culture?

I understand that it used to be thought of as a way to supposedly prevent diseases but various studies have revealed that circumcision is widely unnecessary at the present if disease prevention is what people are after (Svoboda, Adler, & Van Howe, 2016). Maybe some form of constructive debate should take place regarding the continuance of a practice that is mostly useless right now.

 

Response # 2

I have to admit that you did point out a fascinating perspective on that culture’s views on male circumcision. I wonder though where the idea originally started and how it evolved over the years (Melby, 2002). Yes, it was initially considered as a means of “being clean” but how did people back then think that being uncircumcised equated into being dirty?

I doubt they attempted some type of nationwide survey of individuals that had been and had not been circumcised and determined that circumcision made a people healthy. While religious proclamations can go a long way towards justifying the act, it still does not make much sense from my perspective.

 

Reference List

Lee, R. B. (2006). Filipino experience of ritual male circumcision: Knowledge and insights for    anti?circumcision advocacy. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 8(3), 225-234.

 

Melby, T. (2002). Pain and (possibly) a loss of pleasure. Contemporary Sexuality, 36(10), 1.

Svoboda, J. S., Adler, P. W., & Van Howe, R. S. (2016). Circumcision Is Unethical and   Unlawful. Journal Of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 44(2), 263-282.

Essay Writing Sample: Tentative Reference List

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Alcaraz, C. & Zeadally, S. (2015). Critical infrastructure protection: Requirements and challenges for the 21st century. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, 8, 53-66.

Alcaraz and Zeadally (2015) present ideologies on the interests of infrastructure in cyberspace as a supporting facility of daily activities in a nation. Concepts, therefore, involve the control and facilitation of other infrastructure, both along the lines of security and vulnerability within this space. Based on such assessments, the concepts attempt to recommend solutions, protocols to facilitate self-healing, and protection of these infrastructures in the contemporary sense. CI’s, according to the theoretical framework, function within the national importance of national functions of security, public health, and economy, and in this way, their interaction with cyberspace in protective interests of the nation (Alcaraz & Zeadally, 2015). Also, the discussion of the defense industry captures the relationships between each protective facet in the economy (Alcaraz & Zeadally, 2015).

Through the interactions of cyber, geographic, physical, or logical interdependency relationships, the presence of a security function in each of the infrastructures compares to the presence of information systems. Inasmuch as the proximity of either relationship may not adequately define the threat of vulnerability or a threat, the systems can either be assessed regarding faults or external offensives within these proximities (Alcaraz & Zeadally, 2015). The theoretical presentation of vector based analysis of systemic weaknesses in RTUs, SCADA systems, and general ICTs present the authors with the opportunity to consider the technological limitations in critical infrastructure, which offer architectural complexities.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Givens, A. D., & Busch, N. E. (2013). Realizing the promise of public-private partnerships in U.S. critical infrastructure protection. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, 6(1), 39-50.

Givens and Busch (2013) attempt to compare the protection of the critical infrastructure in public and private institutions towards the provision of solutions to security challenges. With interests in the efforts in cross-sector communication and protection as a function of partnership, these authors establish the process of ensuring homeland security in the protection intention presented by the vulnerabilities in the systems (Givens & Busch, 2013). In their attempt to bolster these partnerships, Givens and Busch (2013) consider the position of threats ranging from terrorism to criminal attacks to failures in either of the nationally significant infrastructure. Also, the position of the government in relation to that of private players in the field matches the discussion of challenges towards efficiency and effectiveness of security as a function of infrastructural design (Givens & Busch, 2013). Similarly, it is possible to the research question for the discussion to borrow from this reference concerning the process of the positioning of CI’s in secure and functional environments, and in this way, minimize threats on both internal and external settings.

Ouyang, M. (2014). Review on modeling and simulation of interdependent critical infrastructure systems. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 121, 43-60.

Infrastructure systems can be considered to being interdependent on various levels in their performance which not only increases the possibility of risk of failure on a connected basis but also preconditions the systems towards maintenance and emergency risk. Ouyang (2014) reviews content on the field’s position regarding such interdependence and evaluates the fundamental design and operational principles of the systems. The discussions facilitate a rationale for comparing the criteria of the resilience of both infrastructure and supporting systems in the field. Regarding the changes in contemporary systems design in different areas, it is possible for one to use such concepts to understand the position of such design processes as functions of security performance based on interdependencies of various types. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Ouyang (2014) compares the position of the interdependence of facilities in the entire infrastructural system to full systems in other fields, and further analyzes the ability of such systems to communicate and function. Such discussions add to the position of understanding the reliability of infrastructure, materials, inputs, and outputs towards centralized processes and systems. The analysis of the topic, therefore, aims at using the information from the necessary functionality of one system to facilitate another within secure and practical national environments of consumption of such system-based services.

Murray, A. T., & Grubesic, T. H. (2012). Critical infrastructure protection: The vulnerability conundrum. Telematics and Informatics, 29(1), 56-65.

The discussion of the possibility of vulnerabilities in communication-based communications is a significant argumentative point in the assessment of the consumptive perspective. Through a basis of elicitation processes, it becomes possible for Murray and Grubesic (2012) to compare reference points within a functional system of the entire world of critical infrastructure. The vulnerabilities of cyberspace in a local setting can be considered as a position for the entire national and international system of interactive infrastructure, and according to Murray and Grubesic (2012), critical infrastructure protection is a utility of integrated facilities within various sectors of operation. The necessity of appreciating the conundrum under discussion in the completion of the intended analysis of security conditions of CIS’s links directly to the current state of such infrastructure. Through the use of existing protocols in the safeguarding of these critical systems, one can analyze the potential within other environments hosting related infrastructure or similarly vulnerable systems. The approach to protection, as suggested within by Murray and Grubesic (2012) is only in the physical sense of provision of service, with the disregard to other possible resources for consideration on a virtual space (such as cyberspace). However, their concepts prove necessary in the formulation of better approaches to creating secure infrastructure systems and offering additional cover of vulnerabilities through the integration of interdependent secure networks and utility support systems.

May, P. J., & Koski, C. (2013). Addressing public risks: Extreme events and critical infrastructures. Review of Policy Research, 30(2), 139-159.

The possibility of using non-coercive means for connecting national critical infrastructure forms the basis for the discussion by May and Koski (2013), whereby their research raises the need for a balance between roles by the government and the private sector. The protective actions where the sustenance of the infrastructural systems is achievable relates to the communities pursuing the solutions for the reduction of risks.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]The ability of the governmental organizations to interact with these communities, therefore, offers the capability of their research process to focus on the partnerships and balancing of purpose achievable in partnerships. These research concepts relate to the topic of the project through the provision of standpoints assumed within the consideration of security, the interrelation between organs and general interdependence of systems wherever participants do not achieve balance (May & Koski, 2013).

References

Alcaraz, C., & Zeadally, S. (2015). Critical infrastructure protection: Requirements and challenges for the 21st century. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, 8, 53-66.

Givens, A. D., & Busch, N. E. (2013). Realizing the promise of public-private partnerships in U.S. critical infrastructure protection. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, 6(1), 39-50.

May, P. J., & Koski, C. (2013). Addressing public risks: Extreme events and critical infrastructures. Review of Policy Research, 30(2), 139-159.

Murray, A. T., & Grubesic, T. H. (2012). Critical infrastructure protection: The vulnerability conundrum. Telematics and Informatics, 29(1), 56-65.

Ouyang, M. (2014). Review on modeling and simulation of interdependent critical infrastructure systems. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 121, 43-60.

Tentative Bibliography

Alcaraz, C., & Zeadally, S. (2015). Critical infrastructure protection: Requirements and challenges for the 21st century. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, 8, 53-66.

Baroud, H., Barker, K., Ramirez-Marquez, J. E., & Rocco, C. M. (2014). Inherent costs and interdependent impacts of infrastructure network resilience. Risk Analysis, 35(4), 642-662.

Givens, A. D., & Busch, N. E. (2013). Realizing the promise of public-private partnerships in U.S. critical infrastructure protection. International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, 6(1), 39-50.

Hall, J. W., Henriques, J. J., Hickford, A. J., Nicholls, R. J., Baruah, P., Birkin, M., … Watson, J. W. (2014). Assessing the long-term performance of cross-sectoral strategies for national infrastructure. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 20(3), 04014014.

Jaatun, M. G. (2015). Security in Critical Information Infrastructures (Ph.D. thesis). University of Stavanger, Norway.

May, P. J., & Koski, C. (2013). Addressing public risks: Extreme events and critical infrastructures. Review of Policy Research, 30(2), 139-159.

Murray, A. T., & Grubesic, T. H. (2012). Critical infrastructure protection: The vulnerability conundrum. Telematics and Informatics, 29(1), 56-65.

Ouyang, M. (2014). Review on modeling and simulation of interdependent critical infrastructure systems. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 121, 43-60.

Wang, S., Hong, L., & Chen, X. (2012). Vulnerability analysis of interdependent infrastructure systems: A methodological framework. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications, 391(11), 3323-3335

 

Essay Writing Service Sample: The Google Book Project

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The Google Books project began in 2004. At its inception, it was known as Google Book Search and Google Print. The Google Book project entailed the scanning of books and magazines and the storage of these books in the Google database. From the database, users would be able to access the books whenever they felt the need. The books stored in the databases were to be provided by the authors and publishers. This framework was made possible through the establishment of the Google Books Partner Program. The Google Books project further contained the Google Library program. Under this program, Google would collaborate with affiliate libraries to allow access to their databases to ease access to books for the user.

Scanning would be conducted on only public domain learning materials. This was to protect the interests of the private authors. In addition, Google would only print three snippets of a book that has repeatedly been searched. This move was meant to curtail free access to the book. Alternatively, Google print is a segment of the Google Books project that addresses the partnership with magazine publishers to digitize their article and book contents. The Google Books Library feature scans books that are found in the library partners’ databases and relays them to the digital inventory for access by the final users. The participating universities include the Michigan University, Oxford University, Stanford, Harvard and New York Public University (Band, 2006). Under this framework, Google will strive to ensure that it does not scan a similar book in the different libraries as this would be a breach of the limited view policy which is engaged by Google Books. The Google Books project extends several benefits to the online user. Essentially, the project comprises a myriad advantage in the age of globalization.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Aims of the Google Books Project

I fully support the Google Books initiative. I support its aims since they are inclined towards the reinforcement of the reading culture. At the same time, digitalization of the books is in line with the pervasive globalization goals. To begin with, the Google Books initiative was intended to democratize knowledge. Essentially, it intended to ease the access with which individuals in different geographical regions and varied circumstances could access books and magazines. In an era where information is of utmost importance, the Google Book initiative is responsive to the demand for information. The next advantage that the initiative has on the readership is that it extends the reader the ability to determine the relevance of the books to their knowledge demands (Liptak, 2016). It was further intended to enhance the sales of books through the easy access that the clients would have to the books. Essentially, when clients were introduced to complementary topics, they would be able to purchase more books which would economically benefit the authors. Through the initiative, an increased number of authors would be able to reach a wide audience. The platform acts as a marketing platform for authors who may not be able to reach the target audience due to prevailing market hindrances. Google Books project further aimed at availing books which were out of print. The Google Book Project has a range of books which date back to 1500 AD (Band, 2006).  [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Since its creation, Google Books has been the victim of several litigation cases. The Authors Guild and the American Publishers sued the Google corporation in September 2005. The authors demanded compensation and injunctive relief against the Google Books project (Selyuhk, 2015). On the other hand, the publishers demanded an injunctive relief against the corporation. The lawsuits prevailed that Google Books project would give Google too much power. It is indeed true that Google was not seeking prior authorization before scanning and storing the texts in their databases. However, this assertion lacked merit as it was largely known that Google was only extending pieces of the text to the users and not the entire documents. On the litigation case, the court prevailed that Google Books was operating within the Fair use regulatory framework (Selyuhk, 2015).  This framework allows for the employ of creative works of art for transformative purposes. Likewise, the borrower of the creative material should not benefit financially from the use of the material. Google Books Project was not intended to benefit the Google corporation financially. Furthermore, there was no linkage to the loss of revenue by the authors to the Google Books projects. Essentially, Google’s actions had not impeded the profits being made by the individual authors given that it only displayed the minimus. The minimus is sanctioned by the Fair Use Agreement.

Google Book’s intermediate copying also came under scrutiny from a range of stakeholders. Intermediate copying entails the transformation of paper materials into machine-readable objects. Nonetheless, the Fair use agreement counters this assertion. Google uses its scan option to develop a search index which eases the information storage and retrieval process (Liptak, 2016). These scans are further limited and only show snippets and not the entire document. Essentially, Google Books prevailed that it was aligning itself to the regulatory frameworks that promoted the intermediate copying if it was intended to a socially and responsive non-infringing end use

            The Google Books projects have also been accused of engaging written materials without the specific and prior authorization of the owner of the written work. Google Books does not solicit the permissions of the authors before scanning their works and availing them to the final user. Nonetheless, against the assertions of the Author’s Guild, Google Books developed the opt-in and opt-out framework. In this framework, authors and publishers who are uncomfortable with Google’s initiatives are allowed the opportunity to opt out of the system (Band, 2006). Alternatively, Google was also accused of having the potential to reconvert the scanned texts and employ them to further themselves economically. Under these assertions, remunerated insistence was a culmination of the allusion to Google’s financial backing. The capitalization of the market would impede the profits garnered by the publisher and instead benefit Google. This is because Google has the financial prowess to pay for their indexing. In selling advertisements during the availing of the books, Google will be able to earn from the initiative. This constituted a breach of the copyright law. Nonetheless, Google has repeatedly indicated that it is the intent of furthering knowledge and not the financial benefits. Essentially, if the permission of the authors were sought before the indexing, only a few number of authors would agree to the venture. This would impede Google Book’s transformative priorities (Band, 2006). [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

            In conclusion, the Google Books project is an initiative that intended to digitalize knowledge. It is an extension of the 21st-century technological advancement and globalization. Despite the current opposition by groups such as Author’s Guild to the initiative, the project has brought several benefits to the general user. Furthermore, it is a legal framework which does not overlook the regulatory frameworks in place such as the Fair Use Agreement.

 

References

Band, J. (2006). The Google Library Project: Both Sides of the Story. MI: M Publishing.

Liptak, A. (2016, April 18). The challenge to the Google Books is Declined by the Supreme Court.

Selyuhk, A. (2015, October 16). Google’s Book-Scanning Project Is Legal, U.S. Appeals Court Says.

Write My Essay Sample: Leadership Concerns

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In his book Generation to Generation, Friedman (2011) discusses emotional forces of the most prominent families that are participating in the church. The distinct families are the relationship between the congregation itself, the one with the leader and the group, and the leader’s personal family. Friedman (2011) asserts that the functionality of a head does not lie entirely on knowledge of technique or pathology but majorly on how the leaders function in their families.

The leadership crisis in the church was due to spiritual stagnation as discussed by Friedman (2011). The leadership crisis was based on strained relationships arising between the minister and some members of the congregation. Some of his workmates had gone to as low as backbiting, and this was causing much strain on his leadership (Friedman, 2011).

Through a healing session with the congressional leadership, Friedman (2011) tried to help them get out of the rut they had found themselves in. He helped them understand their obligations to the church. Friedman (2011) further listed their emotional baggage, as well as their feelings towards each other, thus defining their leadership ways. He made them understand the meaning of leadership through self-differentiation. Mr. Love discovered that it takes more than him to have a conflict of wills. In this new understanding, Love learned that self-differentiation did not concern itself with the other person’s reaction and the leaders also picked out that they should not be dependent on the functioning of the head since those who are dependent are in control (Friedman, 2011). [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

While the major focus of Generation to Generation is the leadership and family, there are enough lessons to carry home when it comes to leadership through self-definition. Through having mature and fulfilled relationships, humans become less critical and more productive. Being more self-aware allows an individual a chance to care for others without suffocating them. Being less overbearing to the congregation gives them more control, which in turn reduces conflict of wills. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Conclusively, leadership crisis could be solved by being self-differentiated, learning congregational families, and knowing when to transition from one congregational family to the other.

Responses

Reply 1

The leadership crisis affected the church in a great way. As you stated in your discussion, strained relationships between Mr. Love, the congregation leader, and some of the congregational members caused the leadership conflict (Friedman, 2011). Bearing in mind that the emotional processes in a church are similar to those operating in a family, a church cannot be expected to function properly when some of its members are in conflict. Strained relations between the leader (congregation minister) and members of the congregation are particularly worse as witnessed in this context. Congregational ministers and other members of the clergy should view their congregation as a family. They should approach the conflicts in the congregation the same way they approach conflicts within their families. The systemic family therapy model is one of the essential tools that the clergy can use in dealing with congregational disputes (Cox, 2006). It is this therapeutic approach that Friedman (2011) used to help the church clergy. Most importantly, he tried to emphasize on self-differentiation based leadership. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Reply 2

The conflict seen in the church depicts what happens in many churches. Leadership wrangles between the clergy or the clergy and the congregation are common. The dispute in the church in context was as a result of poor leadership from the minister, Mr. love. Love failed to be a differentiated leader and succumbed to the emotional turmoil caused by what was happening around him (Friedman, 2011). His ability to think straight as a leader was compromised. A self-differentiated leader is the one who can resist anxiety and other emotional forces in the organization they lead. Mr. Love failed in differentiated leadership. Apart from failing to prevent conflicts from occurring in the church, Love also failed to solve them. The systemic family therapy model adopted by Friedman (2011) in resolving the dispute can be adopted by both the congregation and any family setting (Cox, 2006). The model views conflicts as related and not independent. The causative factors for conflicts should be addressed together and not in isolation. When they are treated in isolation, there is a high likelihood of issues not being resolved. Other issues are likely to arise in the future.

References

Cox, D. W. (essay, 2006). The Edwin Friedman model of family systems thinking: Lessons for organizational leaders. Arkansas State University.

Friedman, E. (2011). Generation to Generation: Family Process in Church and Synagogue (pp. 242-249). New York, NY: Guilford Publications.

Essay Writing Sample: An Analysis of Common Threads

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In her book Common Threads: Weaving Community Through Collaborative Eco-Art, Sharon Kallis shares her experiences incorporating overlooked and often unwanted resources at hand as a means to develop community art programs. Kallis references the experimentation and utilization of invasive species for crafting projects as well use of previously undesirable areas to create community spaces. She makes a case that such activities contribute to ecological sustainability, a wider array of interconnection between diverse members of the community and a heightened awareness among the participants of the products they consume. However, in the outline for her specific way of doing things, there are some notable gaps. The question left to be answered is how truly effective are these programs and where are their flaws?

Kallis argues that community eco-art programs educate and promote more sustainable practices. Rather than seeking to completely eradicate invasive plant species by whatever means possible, Kallis believes it would behoove interested members of the community to use them as materials for works of art and crafts. She relates how a particularly invasive species of ivy was experimented upon and utilized over the course of several months. The ivy was ultimately used as basket weaving material and replaced plastic and coconut fibers as the primary substance used for preventing erosion. Kallis states that this served as community connection and that the so-called “weird factor” drew in volunteers. Such projects are pivotal to the notion of Means of Production (MOP) gardening. One of the goals of MOP gardening is to provide members of the community with the resources and knowledge to make consumable items for themselves. Kallis argues that this more sustainable way of creating goods since it cuts down on resources used for transport and offers a higher quality product. Particularly impressive is the preported durability of the linen woven from flax. “…a cotton T-shirt often only lasts for 2-5 years while traditionally processed linen can last for 40-60 years” (Kallis 34). The picture of ecological sustainability Kallis paints is a compelling one, however very little hard data is given about how effective the experimental final products are. She states that the crocheted Ivy was a success, but she never states how much ground it covered or how much of it held. The strength and quality of the baskets and other items made out of ivy.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Community is a much emphasized aspect in  Common Threads. “For me, quilting bees or old fashioned barn raising events have always appealed; they offer a shared purpose, a common goal and ultimately an excuse to meet neighbors and socialize” (84). There are descriptions of community events and drop-in classes. Isolation is referenced as a problem in social health: “we live in little bubbles; not having to see the world from anothers perspective” (72). Kallis states that the programs allow people from diverse backgrounds, cultures and experiences to interact with those whom they wouldn’t normally interact. However, some skepticism must be applied to this assertion. Early in Common Threads, Kallis elaborates on the labor intensive process involved in harvesting and preparing the materials found in the community spaces. She states that this long process allows people to consider the effort that goes into the things that they consume. On top of that, usage of the material is conditional. “MOP asks  someone wanting to use material grown on-site to volunteer in some capacity” (30). Although pragmatic, this system coupled with the time invested in crafting handmade goods makes it difficult for those who lack the time and resources to participate in programs. When one expends energy trying to make ends meet, it is difficult to find the time and wherewithal to spend a significant amount of time volunteering and crafting. Also, whether anyone in any given group intends to or not, there is an aura of exclusion with any well established group. An interested member will take a look at the people in the group and try to determine based on first impressions if the group consists of members who are like them or not. If they determine they are not among their own, they are less likely to join the group. Ellis makes it clear that she does everything she can to encourage people to get involved: she makes event signs, she creates a comfortable atmosphere for meetings and workshops. However, in order to expand and diversify the group, the new member has to make the leap and approach the group. This supposition could lead one to believe that there is a limit to how diverse the meetings and classes can truly be.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Ultimately, Common Threads: Weaving Community Through Collaborative Eco-Art provides a compelling portrait of sustainability and opportunity for diverse social opportunities. Sharon Kallis show passion and commitment to the community art projects she describes. However, some hard data would be useful to determine if the programs are living up to their potential. A potentially interesting option would be to incorporate some decidedly non-artistic individuals into the mix of leadership roles.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

 

Works Cited

Kallis, Sharon.  Common Threads: Weaving Community Through Collaborative Eco-Art. New Society Publishers. 2014.

Essay Writing Service Sample:Hospital Report Card Comparison

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Coney Island Hospital

Patient recommendation ratings: generally, the patients surveyed in the report felt that they experienced an inferior level of care. As a result, only 58% of the patients would recommend Coney Island Hospital to other patients. In terms of the likelihood of patients to recommend family and friends, only 58% would definitely recommend while 9% of them would not recommend and a further 33% would probably recommend. This is a serious under-performance in the national average in terms of patient recommendation rating considering that the hospital only managed a rating of 2 out of 5 (Health Grove, 2016).

Staff responsiveness rating: the hospital still under-performed in regards to staff responsiveness in based on the rate of staff responsiveness after the pressing of the call button and help getting to the bathroom or using a bedpan. Only 61% always received help while 24% usually received it and 15% didn’t receive help at all. The rating of 2 out of 5 summarized their dissatisfaction.

In terms of pain management ratings, the hospital still under-performed with a rating of 2 out of 5. In terms of the quietness around the patient’s room, the hospital received a rating of 1 out of 5. 21% of those interviewed said that the rooms were never quiet. The hospital only attained a favorable rating in regards to 3 out of 5 in terms of cleanliness in the patient room and the bathrooms. Given the dismal ratings that the hospital was rated according to this report card, I would not visit Coney Island Hospital for elective surgery. Considering the pain involved, I would want a speedy response from the staff and a quieter environment that the hospital cannot provide. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Methodist Hospital

Just like in the case above, the patients surveyed felt that they almost experienced superior health care. 67% would recommend other patients to visit the hospital. In terms of patient recommended rating the hospital performed fairly with 67% of patients saying that they would recommend others to visit the hospital. Another 27% would probably recommend and a 6% wouldn’t. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

In terms of staff responsiveness, the hospital’s performance was very poor, only 1 out of 5 in terms of: the time taken after pressing the bell for the staff to show up as well as assistance in using the bedpan. In terms of pain management rating, the hospital scored 2 out of 5 which is an under-performance on the national level. In particular, 62% claimed that their pain was always controlled, 27% claimed that their pain was usually controlled and 11% claimed that their pain was never controlled (Health Grove, 2016).

Moreover, in terms of quietness, only 48% observed that the area around their rooms was always quiet while a 31% claimed that it was usually quiet and a 21% claimed that it was almost never quiet. The overall rating on quietness was 1 out of 5. The Hospital was even found to be less clean when gauged against the national hospital average. I would want to visit the hospital for an elective surgery because I would want to be attended quicker by staff and the hospital can provide that in comparison to the other two. The hospital’s ability to manage pain is also fair in comparison to the other two.

 

Kingsbrook Community Hospital

In general, Kingsbrook Community Hospital received a good rating of 88% and is the third highest ranked hospital in the city of Brooklyn. However, in terms of the national survey, it fell short of receiving an outstanding rating. Only 61% of the patients said they would recommend a friend or a family member to visit the hospital while a 30% of them were not sure and 9% claimed they would not recommend. It also performed poorly in terms of staff response and patient pain management ratings.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The hospital was also less quiet and less clean. I would not visit the hospital for an elective surgery because I feel that the rate of pain management by the hospital is poor. Only 58% of the visitors claimed that their pain was effectively managed. 15% of the patients responded that their pain was never controlled (Health Grove, 2016). Even the staff communication, especially on discharge information was very dismal.

References

Health Grove. (2016). Coney Island Hospital. Retrieved October 5, 2016,

Health Grove. (2016). Kingsbrook Jewish Medical Center. Retrieved October 5, 2016, from

Health Grove. (n.d.). New York Methodist Hospital. Retrieved October 5, 2016, from

Write My Essay Sample:Christianity

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To understand the rise of Christianity in Rome, it is necessary to examine how the religion developed within the region and the subsequent events that took place that led to it becoming the state’s dominant religious practice. However, it is also necessary to separate fact from fiction since many of the events and depictions of Christianity during this era are filled with hyperbole and outright falsehoods due to the tendency for exaggeration when it comes to retelling historical events.

For example, the story of Constantine’s “vision” before a critical battle never actually occurred, as historical records show, and Christians were not fed to lions in the Coliseum as a form of grisly entertainment to the Roman masses. The truth is, admittedly, more bland in comparison to the outlandish stories surrounding Christianity’s rise. Were Christians persecuted in Rome in 300 AD before the birth of Constantine? Yes, but only to a certain extent given the presence of other religions within the region.

Rome During the Early Church

Rome was one of the most progressive city-states since it espoused a form of religious freedom which enabled people in the area the freedom to worship, to a certain extent (policies and levels of tolerance often changed based on who was in power). However, at the time, Christianity differed significantly from its other counterpart religions since it was still defining what it was. You need to remember that, from the standpoint of religious development, Christianity during 200 AD was still relatively young and lacked the many rituals, writings, scripts and traditions that it possesses today (Meynell, 2016). [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

During 100 AD it did not consider itself separate from Judaism; rather, a different aspect of it born from the teachings of Jesus. It was found to be more of a movement rather than a religion. It was only by 300 AD that Christianity was able to develop many of the familiar religious texts, traditions, and ideas that are visible today which resulted in what many describe as an “orthodoxy” that gave rise to the concept of Christianity being separate from Judaism. In the decades leading up to 300 AD, Christianity was a minority religion that was practiced by barely 10 percent of the Roman population. As seen in various countries around the world in the present day, members of minorities tend to be discriminated against by the majority. This helps to explain why historical records at the time point towards the persecution of Christians in Rome; however, it is unlikely that events spiraled into state-sponsored killings of Christians in the Roman Coliseum.

Understanding the Persecution of Early Christians and the Rise of the Church

The persecution was based more on the lack of sufficient legality and recognition surrounding Christianity than an actual abhorrence of the religion. Simply put, Christianity as an underground movement worked against it since it was viewed as potentially politically destabilizing due to the lack of sufficient information surrounding it. Combined with the presence of different Christian sects, each with its own opinion, resulted in a state of disunity that prevented the early church from putting up a genuinely united front. Its rise within Rome is thus connected to its legalization under the law which enabled it to receive the same protections as other recognized religions.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

This legalization was brought about through Constantine who, after his military victories in both the West and East and after defeating his rival Maxentius, became the de facto head of Rome. However, Constantine’s legalization of Christianity as a religion was not a decision brought about through a vision or divine intervention; rather, it was due to the influence of his mother who was secretly a Christian and had instilled many Christian values, ideas, and concepts into Constantine since an early age. Without his mother’s influence from an early age, it is unlikely that Constantine would have developed the same positive inclinations towards Christianity. As such, it is ironic that the present day Roman Catholic Church, which has a distinctly patriarchic orientation, owes much of its power, prestige, and basilicas to the matriarchal influence of a woman on her son.

Constantine’s rise is thus connected to the rise of Christianity since its legalization, and subsequent redefining under Imperial ideology through the Edict of Milan resulted in a state of mutual tolerance by 313 AD. A few years later, Constantine passed several new laws that focused on preventing the persecution of Christianity which enabled the religion to spread throughout the Roman empire due to the lack of potential prosecution and Constantine’s patronage of the faith. With Constantine commissioning the creation of numerous cathedrals around Rome and the subsequent cementing of Christian doctrine under the First Council of Nicea by 325 AD, this created the perfect situation for Christianity to not only gain prominence but to rise as the future dominant religion within the region (Jones, 2014).

Impact of Constantine on the Rise of the Church

What you need to understand is that Constantine’s legal and financial aid to the early Church was instrumental towards its rise since this enabled it to have advantages that other religions within the area lacked. Combined with a social campaign from 324 to 330 which focused on changing the public mindset away from paganism and the Imperial Cult towards Christianity, this enabled the nascent Church to exponentially increase its followers. This precedent set by Constantine paved the way for future Roman Emperors to adopt the same ideas surrounding Christianity resulting in a slow but gradual conversion of not only the Imperial Senate but of the Roman citizenry in general into Christians.

One aspect of the rise of Christianity that is particularly notable during this period was Christians being placed in leadership positions within the government. With Christians in positions of power and the respect the general Roman citizenry had towards Rome’s hierarchical system of government, this placed Christianity in a positive light and profoundly influence public perception towards being a Christian. Aside from this, Constantine was shown to implement hiring policies that focused on placing Christians in positions of power over those who were from other religions.

In fact, records from this period of time reveal that Constantine pressured the members of many prominent Roman families to convert to Christianity if they wanted positions of power within the government. Unfortunately for many of the non-Christian religions within the Roman Empire, the shift from a ruling body that was composed of the Imperial Cult and minor religions to one that eventually became predominantly Christian was the death knell for policies of religious tolerance within the country (Maier, 2015). While Constantine was biased towards Christianity, this policy seemed oriented towards a peaceful and potential intertwining of Christianity and paganism in the future. Upon his death and the subsequent introduction of Christian-oriented governing bodies and emperors, this possible peaceful co-existence made way for a reversal of fortunes wherein instead of Christians being the ones persecuted, it eventually became members of other religions who were the ones being victimized by members of the Church

Even after the death of Constantine, from 320 AD to 402 AD, the rise of Christianity in Rome resulted in the subsequent decline of other religions within the empire. From a state of religious tolerance, the Christian majority eventually implemented new policies which persecuted other religions resulted in Christianity becoming the official religion of the Roman Empire.

The Church and the Fall of the Roman Empire

It is interesting to note that, for some scholars of history, they point towards the Church as being one of the main reasons behind the fall of the Roman Empire. However, it should be noted that from 295 AD onwards, the Roman empire was actually in decline due to a combination of disease, famine, mismanagement of resources and attacks from Germanic states. Though there is some credence to the correlation between the fall of Rome and the rise of the Church. The growing influence of Christianity also lead to bishops also gaining substantial political and social power within Rome. When taking into consideration the already chaotic nature of Roman politics and bureaucracy and combine it with the personal and church-oriented interests of the bishops, this created, even more, instability within the Roman government.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Considering the fact that many scholars point towards instability within the government as one of the leading causes behind the fall of the Roman Empire, then it can be stated that the rise of Christianity was a factor, albeit a small one, behind the eventual fall of Rome with its introduction into Roman society simply being at the same time as Rome’s gradual decline. The lasting impact of Christianity’s rise in Rome can still be felt today since it is considered as the largest and most dominant religion.

 

Reference List

Jones, A. W. (2014). Scholarly Transgressions: (Re)writing the History of World Christianity.Theology Today, 71(2), 221.

Maier, H. O. (2015). The Origin of Heresy: A History of Discourse in Second Temple Judaism and Early Christianity. Church History, 84(1), 222.

Meynell, H. (2016). The First Thousand Years: A Global History of Christianity. Heythrop Journal, 57(2), 405.

Essay Writing Sample: Diagnosing ADHD in US Children

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How US children are diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a common challenge that many families face in the world. Much progress has been made to make the affected persons; especially children cope with this condition. This image is based on a smiling child with a doctor in the background. The fact that it has a smiling child seeks to show the viewer that even the children with this condition can still experience happiness. The fact that the child appears by himself shows that this condition affects their social behavior (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016). The doctor appears to be smiling from the background while looking at the child. This reveals the milestone made by doctors to help American children suffering from this condition. Therefore, this picture reveals a lot of information that could be applied to a national perspective. This is a demonstration of his pride in helping this child that has ADHD. The web page has content whose font is easier to read with well-developed paragraphs. In conclusion, I find this image very informative in providing insight on the situation regarding ADHD among children in the United States of America. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Response 1

I would also like to add that the image portrays a diversity in culture. This is meant to show that this condition affects Americans as a whole and is not based on ethnic or cultural differences. That goes to show the contribution made by the CDC in ensuring that all American children access quality health services. Therefore, this is a way through which the CDC appeals to people from different racial lines to consider these health services for any affected children.

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Response 2

I find most of the responses here informative. The fact that so much can come from looking at an image shows how an organization such as the CDC can appeal to people in different ways. I also note that these images come in different sizes but the messages portrayed are vast. One thing that is evident in most responses is that the images portray the American society as it exists. People from different parts of the America could relate to these images.

Response 3

Some of the responses are based on the family structure. Children form an important part of the family and sacrifices are usually made to guarantee their health. ADHD affects children both socially and mentally. From a social perspective, the children are rarely considered normal by their friends, and that easily causes depression. Therefore, this picture of a smiling child with a proud doctor shows how important children are considered to society.

Response 4

I also agree with the effectiveness of the color used in these images. Clarity is guaranteed so that people get a glimpse of even the slightest details. My choice of image shows an image in which both the child and doctor have bright faces. This could only be associated with the delivery of good news. Based on the content, it becomes evident that children are a priority, especially with the ADHD concern. I also find the fact that the table behind the child has a notebook and pencils to be remarkable as it shows progress in dealing with the condition.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

References

Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016, October 17). How US children are diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Retrieved October 19, 2016, from Center for Disease Control and Prevention

Essay Writing Service Sample: Image Analysis

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Images communicate to people differently and ignite different feelings. The story that any image will tell to its viewers is the greatest. However, from the artistic view, different information and analysis shade more light on similarity and differences of images. In this case, whoever makes any comparison may not say whether they love the image or not but will give the details and contents of a picture as they appear (Dan 4). For clarity, this paper analyses two images; one of New York City from the old days and the other a shading of Jesus Christ during resurrection. In the details, the content, context, similarities and differences between the two images are shown clearly.

Content

The first image about New York shows people along a street. Buildings and vehicles can be seen. The American flags are hanging on some building on the left side. Traffic lights are erected on the roads with people and drivers probably waiting for their turn to cross. This aerial view shows a town not congested with cars and people as it would be in the modern state of New York. Other details like the distinct colors of the people and features in the image may not be clear because of the limit of a black and white character of the photo. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The second image is that of Jesus Christ during the resurrection. In the middle of the picture is Jesus Christ himself. From Biblical texts, he was adorned in white before burial. That would have guided the painter to use the white color for his robe. Two people, one on the left and another on the right, appear to be reaching for his hands. He is standing on some elevated platform, which resembles an altar. On each side, more people are gathered and gazing at him. One can easily conclude that they are amazed at what they are seeing. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Context

The images are in different circumstances. First, that of New York City indicates some economic development was going on in the place. The vehicles, roads and people in a town are measures of economic development and growth. In the image, some people could be on their way to work as others could be from work. The road, which appears to be tarmacked, is a sign of modern times of development by man. One can speculate the conditions of such a city in the older years, something not easy to find an answer for.

The second image is in a spiritual context. People are told of the resurrection of Christ. Adam and Eve, who were the first people to come on earth, are mentioned. People are wondering the magic of the fulfillment of such prophecies. During that time, people some people had begun to forget Jesus as some were anticipating how he would come back after three days of stay in the grave, he resurrected in what caught most people unawares.

To understand the full contexts of these images, one must be acquainted with two things; knowledge in history and religion. History will be an indicator of the situation of New York during 1945, a year after World War II. The types of cars and the approximate number of people per square mile will help one judge the image in a better way. On the second picture, religious knowledge informs one to decide the period in the Bible when the image is drawn from. If people have better information about these times in the history of man, then they will either justify or oppose what is communicated here.

Compare

These images have some similarities. The times when they are set to talk to people are old and long past. When they were taken or drawn, nobody had an idea what the development in photography would bring to image storage (Chambers, 34). Photography had not developed well, and that is why most details like people’s faces are not clear. New York City is growing while the photo about Jesus Christ is immediately after the resurrection. In the later, stone tablets were used to store information. Between 1930 and 1970 when this image was taken, Benjamin (13) states that development of photographic technology was in process and most was black and white. It does not give clear details of how color and texture differed.

The orientation of the images is at a wide angle. Such an orientation gives a wider view of the image and other details around it. One may not know the exact thing that the photographer or the painter wanted to show. For the first image, it is not easy to understand where exactly the focus was. The second image appears to be more about Jesus, whom the painter shows in large paintings than other subjects around. A viewer can conclude that these images were meant to show everything that appeared on it. Be it people, roads, buildings, flags, and clothes.

The scale of the images is also small. The pixelation rate is high and details may be lost while zooming. Comparing these images with that taken today, technology allow one to zoom to some higher power and get the finest details (Chambers, 78). If that were possible with these photos, then the people in both cases would be identified.

Contrast

One image is colored, and the other is in black and white. This difference between the two is because of the different ways the images were brought to existence. The first is a photo, and the latter is a drawing and painting. Chambers, (15) says that painted images are not the exact forms of what existed. The painter looks at another image or imagination to draw. Such drawings may not be refuted easily nor criticized. They are the decisions of an artist (Chambers, 15). The New York City photo is a real image as at that time. It shows the specific events, which is the reason why cameras were developed, according to Imagine Publishing House (45). Nobody would oppose what the image shows. A lot of information can be found to prove the image and its contents.

The coloration of one image and photo are not real situations. Colors existed during both times, but the representations may differ. The elements of color show some advanced technology or technique used to show the differences (Dan, 91). They are not the captured at the same time. One is more advanced than the other. If the same images were captured today, they would so similar features. Maybe, the characters in both may have differed, but the appearance and matters of scale would be similar.

To conclude, people would gauge images depending on how they are convinced by them. The stories that images tell is the first item that people check in them. How the images are represented are factors of technology and experience. They can be photographed or painted. The times in history will dictate what technique some use. Though photography existed long ago, it does not show a lot if poorly done. The same applies to paintings. The artist must have sharp memories and skills to show the exact information in the images.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Works Cited.

Cawthra, Benjamin. Blue notes in black and white: photography and jazz. University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Chambers, Timothy. The art of drawing & painting portraits. Publishers Group UK, 2012.

Dan, Alphonso. Pen & ink drawing: a simple guide. Three Minds Press, 2015.Imagine.

Publishing. The black & white photography book. 2nd Ed., Imagine Publishing, 2013.

Write My Essay Sample: Nursing Programs through Distance Learning

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Introduction

Nursing professionals in developed countries need to undergo thorough training so as to enable them to acquire the necessary qualifications. Such qualifications will enable them to be effective in the duties and adapt to changing conditions at the work place. In most cases, they prefer acquiring online training. This online training provides learners with benefits such as flexibility, convenience, and opportunities to work collectively (Glen, 2005, p. 418). As such, it has the potential for nursing programs and education. However, it has various challenges as some professionals question the quality of education acquired through distance learning conducted via online learning.

There are various techniques that are effectively used in the delivery of nursing education for students going through distance learning. Such techniques are used because of increased flexibility, accessibility and cost-effectiveness in nursing programs (Farrell, Cubit, Bobrowski, and Salmon, 2007, p. 430). The use of distance learning models in higher education could be a major factor in motivating adult students to return to school. Additionally, distance learning can contribute to continuing nursing education and health service quality beyond the fulfillment of professional requirements.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

It is also notable that the number of nurses who participate in online nursing education programs has dramatically increased in recent decades. Nurses who wish to join continuous training programs for professional development are glad to have online training options. It also enables registered nurses to continue working while pursuing additional online education that will support career advancement (Howatson-Jones, 2004, p. 43). Thus, there is a competitive market of online nursing programs due to the increased need for more registered nurses and flexible online learning. This shows that despite the various challenges that are facing nursing programs that are offered through distance learning, it has contributed to growth in the field. Nurses can take classes from the comfort of their offices via online learning.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Statement of the Problem

There are four factors that contribute to learning: attitude, experience, cognition, and learning style. Attitude is the most important. Positive attitude is favorable for learning because of its influence on learning efficiency, motives, and knowledge application. Generally, the attitudes of students have been very positive and supportive toward online instruction.

Students’ needs and perceptions should be considered in designing online learning programs. Nurses’ perceptions play an important role in program attendance and successful completion. Since the perspectives of online program users are not always consistent with perspectives of course developers or instructors, it is important to understand students’ perspectives. It is difficult to meet students’ learning needs unless one understands what satisfies students in online learning courses.

Guiding Question

This study will be guided by the questions; what is the importance of distance learning and how does it contribute to the effectiveness of nursing? What is the attitude of professionals towards distance learning? How can distance learning be improved? These will be answered through research study and review of existing literature as shown below.

Many studies have shown positive outcomes of online nursing education in terms of achievement, satisfaction, outlook and increased desire for learning (Holly, 2009, p. 506). Studies comparing online learning with traditional classroom experiences have shown that academic achievement, socialization, and mentoring opportunities are comparable or improved by using online education. Online nursing training has positive outcomes not only in postgraduate programs such as certification or in-service training but also with bachelor’s degree completion or graduate programs.

Just as the demand for online learning opportunities for registered nurses has increased, the complexity of providing this type of education has also increased (McGREAL, DAVIS, Murphy, and Smith, 2006, p. 41). Nursing faculty are facing the challenges of changing not only their pedagogical styles, but also designing nursing education programs that meet the increased demand for nurses while simultaneously meeting current student needs.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Determination of nurses’ perceptions of learning programs is important for designing online classes. The number and popularity of online nursing education programs are increasing rapidly in many countries. Understanding these may contribute to designing these programs to maximize success. It may also help to create a training plan for in-service training (Sahin and Shelley, 2008, p. 220). The “picture” of nurses’ perceptions can be considered as a part of an analysis of the audience. Understanding nurses’ perceptions of online learning will provide insight into nursing education challenges, particularly online learning. As such, this study will enhance knowledge on the efficiency and importance of nursing programs offered through distance learning.

Reference List

Farrell, G.A., Cubit, K.A., Bobrowski, C.L. and Salmon, P., 2007. Using the WWW to teach undergraduate nurses clinical communication. Nurse Education Today27(5), pp.427-435.

Glen, S., 2005. E-learning in nursing education: lessons learnt?. Nurse Education Today25(6), pp.415-417.

Holly, C., 2009. The case for distance education in nursing. Journal of Online Learning and Teaching5(3), p.506.

Howatson-Jones, L., 2004. Designing web-based educalion courses for nurses. Nursing Standard19(11), pp.41-44.

McGREAL, R., DAVIS, S., Murphy, T. and Smith, C., 2006. Skill enhancement for health: An evaluation of an online pilot teaching module on epidemiology. Volume 7–Issue 1–January 2006, p.41.

Sahin, I. and Shelley, M.C., 2008. Considering Students’ Perceptions: The Distance Education Student Satisfaction Model. Educational Technology & Society11(3), pp.216-223.